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ASSOCIATE JUSTICE TOM C. CLARK - BIOGRAPHY SIGNED 10/14/1963 CO-SIGNED BY: ASSOCIATE JUSTICE BYRON R. WHITE, ASSOCIATE JUSTICE WILLIAM J. BRENNAN JR. - DOCUMENT 157397
WARREN COURT: BYRON "WHIZZER" WHITE, WILLIAM J. BRENNAN, JR., TOM C.
This printed sheet, listing the members of the Supreme Court as of Oct. 1,
1962, was signed by Associate Justices Byron White, William J. Brennan and Tom
C. Clark in blue ink.
Biography signed "Tom C. Clark", "Wm J Brennan" and "Byron White",
all in blue ink. 1 page, 5¼x9. Titled: "Members of the SUPREME COURT
of the/UNITED STATES, October 1, 1962". This sheet includes small b/w photos and
short biographies of all nine justices on the Warren Court, along with facsimile
signatures of all nine justices. WHITE (1917-2002, born in Fort Collins,
Florida), a member of the College Football Hall of Fame, served as
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court (appointed by President Kennedy) from
1962 to 1993. He earned his nickname playing for the University of
Colorado's football team. White played professional football for the then
Pittsburgh Pirates (now the Steelers) to earn money for law school, and was a
Rhodes Scholar at Oxford until World War II broke out. He returned to the U.S.
and enrolled in Yale Law School in 1940 and also played two seasons with the
Detroit Lions. At the time of his appointment, he was the youngest member (at
age 44) to serve on the Court. Difficult to categorize and suspicious of
ideology, White dissented in such landmark cases as Miranda v. Arizona
(source of the "Miranda warning", 1966) and Roe v. Wade (1973).
BRENNAN (1906-1997, born in Newark, New Jersey), appointed Associate
Justice by President Eisenhower, served from October 6, 1956 until his
retirement on July 20, 1990. In over 30 years on the Court, Brennan supported
criminal and civil rights, opposed the death penalty and promoted both state and
federal legislative reapportionment. He defended First Amendment rights and
believed that the government must prove a substantial need before any
individual's liberties could be restricted. Although Brennan opposed
censorship, he felt that obscenity was without social value and therefore not
protected by the First Amendment. Beginning with Roth vs. U.S.
(1957), he began writing precedent-setting opinions on this subject, defining
obscenity according to his community standards test, which was based on the
average person's opinion of what appeals to the prurient interest. Brennan
worked hard, however, to develop guidelines that would prevent non-obscene
material from being suppressed. During Miller vs. California (1973),
he re-evaluated his position on obscenity and decided to oppose all forms of
censorship. Brennan believed that only by making the Constitution a
"living document" could America's system of government keep up with the
needs of society -- in direct opposition to the "strict constructionist"
approach of conservative colleagues such as Justices Rehnquist and Scalia.
CLARK (1899-1977, born in Dallas, Texas) was President Truman's
Attorney General (1945-1949) before being appointed to the Supreme Court by
President Truman in 1949. He served until his son Ramsey was appointed
Attorney General by President Johnson in 1967, when he retired to avoid possible
conflicts of interest. Lightly creased. Light tear in lower right corner. Folded
once and unfolded. Otherwise in fine condition.
For more documents by these signers click the names below:
ASSOCIATE JUSTICE TOM C. CLARK ASSOCIATE JUSTICE WILLIAM J. BRENNAN JR. ASSOCIATE JUSTICE BYRON R. WHITE
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