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BRIGADIER GENERAL EDWARD PORTER ALEXANDER - DOCUMENT SIGNED CO-SIGNED BY: BRIGADIER GENERAL ALEXANDER R. LAWTON, GEORGE J. BALDWIN, W. S. LAWTON, GEORGE ANDERSON MERCER, JOHN RAE HABERSHAM, JOHN FLANNERY, J. M. GUERARD, ROBERT FALLIGANT - HFSID 263244

 
CIVIL WAR (CONFEDERATE): PORTER ALEXANDER, ALEXANDER LAWTON and OTHERS
Typed document on which a roster of former Confederates from Savannah, Georgia pledge money for the relief of Mrs. Jefferson Davis and her children. A very important postwar document!
Document signed: "E. P. Alexander", "T. M. Cunningham", "Geo. J. Baldwin", "W. S. Lawton", "Geo. A Mercer", "Alex. R. Lawton", "Teachers & Pupils of the Public Schools", "Mary H. Elliott", "John Rae Habersham", "John Flannery & Co.", "Merchants Natl. Bank", "J. U. Paylor", "J M Guerard", "Robert Falligant" "Morning News Collections" and 10 unidentified signatures, 1 page, 8½x14. No place, but probably Savannah, Georgia, no date, but probably circa 1890. Pledge sheet bearing the following typed heading: "Whereas an organization has been formed to raise a fund for the relief of Mrs. Jefferson Davis and children [several words struck out here], we each promise to pay towards that object the sum set opposite our respective names." Sums pledged vary from $5.00 to nearly $500 (the total of 2 pledges by John Flannery & Co.). The total is $787.25. All the legible pledges are marked as paid. EDWARD PORTER ALEXANDER (1835-1910), a West Point graduate, served the Confederate army first as a signal officer, using balloons for reconnaissance and - at First Manassas (1861), becoming the first to send combat messages by long range signal flags. (His warning of a Union flanking attack was important to Confederate victory there.) Alexander is best remembered, however, for commanding artillery at Fredericksburg (December 1862) and in the prelude to Pickett's Charge at Gettysburg (July 1863). A brigadier general by war's end, Alexander advised Lee not to surrender at Appomattox, but to disperse the army for guerilla war (a recommendation he later regretted). President of the Savannah and Memphis Railroad after the war, Alexander performed diplomatic missions for President Cleveland. His military writings, objective and free of rancor, are highly regarded by historians. GEORGE J. BALDWIN (b. 1856) was a prominent businessman in Savannah, Georgia, known for his philanthropy. His business interests included gold and silver mining, railroads, fertilizer, and urban electrification (lighting and public transit). Aside from the public school children, he is one of the few on the list too young to have served in the war. W. S. LAWTON, formerly a major in the Confederate Army, owned a rice plantation near Savannah. GEORGE A. MERCER (1835-1907), a former Confederate colonel, was a distinguished Savannah lawyer. He delivered a lengthy address to the American Bar Association's annual meeting in 1897, and pleaded a case before the US Supreme Court (Wilson v Riddle) in 1901. ALEXANDER R. LAWTON (1818-1986), a graduate of both West Point and Harvard Law School, was a Confederate brigade commander in Stonewall Jackson's Shenandoah campaign and at Second Manassas. He was carried from the field, seriously wounded, at Antietam. In August 1863 he became the Confederacy's second and last Quartermaster General. General Lee conferred with him before surrendering the Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox. He sought a US Senate seat from Georgia in 1880. Lawton was President of the American Bar Association (1882) and US Minister to Austria-Hungary (1887-1889). JOHN RAE HABERSHAM (1822-1896), of Savannah, a Harvard graduate (listed in the book Crimson Confederates) had served in the Georgia Hussars during the Civil War. JOHN FLANNERY (1836-1910), born in Ireland, was a Savannah bank president and owner of a large cotton trading firm. He was captain of the Irish Jasper Greens, a volunteer militia company which guarded Fort Pulaski during the Civil War. He was active in commemorative events after the war, and presented a stand on of colors to the 1st Georgia Regiment when it was mustered for the Spanish-American War. J. M. GUERARD, a friend of secessionist "fire-eater" and Confederate legislator William Yancey, was a captain of the Maxwell Artillery Company of the 1st Georgia Regulars during the Civil War. He was a delegate to the Georgia Constitutional Convention of 1877, where he served on the Committee on Final Revisions (with A. R. Lawton). ROBERT FALLIGANT (d. 1902), also a Confederate veteran, was a prominent Georgia state judge. In 1866 he had published a sad poem, "Doffing the Gray," about the end of the war and "the end of liberty." Varina Davis (1826-1906), the wife of Confederate President Jefferson Davis, was widowed in 1889 and left in severe financial straits. Her memoirs, published in 1890, did not sell well. It was probably in this period that the fund-raising drive for her assistance was launched. There must have been drives like this in other cities of the South. A revealing look at how prominent southerners retained their affection for the "lost cause," even as they prospered in important political, legal and commercial roles in a restored union. Horizontal fold at center. Binding grommet at upper left corner. Top and bottom edges worn and chipped. Lower edge has 1½x½ notch at center with 1" vertical tear above. Soiled. Moisture stain has lifted some of the "typed" information at upper section. Minor ink transfer from top to bottom sections.


For more documents by these signers click the names below:

BRIGADIER GENERAL EDWARD PORTER ALEXANDER   BRIGADIER GENERAL ALEXANDER R. LAWTON   GEORGE J. BALDWIN   W. S. LAWTON   GEORGE ANDERSON MERCER   JOHN RAE HABERSHAM   JOHN FLANNERY   J. M. GUERARD   ROBERT FALLIGANT  


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BRIGADIER GENERAL EDWARD PORTER ALEXANDER
Born: May 26, 1835
Died: April 28, 1910



BRIGADIER GENERAL ALEXANDER R. LAWTON
Born: November 4, 1818 in Beaufort County, South Carolina
Died: July 2, 1896 in Clifton Springs, New York





GEORGE ANDERSON MERCER

Died: Circa 1907



JOHN RAE HABERSHAM

Died: Circa 1896



JOHN FLANNERY

Died: Circa 1910



ROBERT FALLIGANT

Died: Circa 1902



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