The Congressman signs a letter stating that he has sent his
resignation (for an unknown position), and has arranged for his
Autograph letter signed: "C. Cushing", 1½p, 8x10.
Washington, 1846 April 27. Recipient not named. In part: "By
the present mail, I have sent to Mr Robb as Secretary my resignation, and with
great personal satisfaction, the more especially to make plans for Mr Waldron,
who I think will answer excellently well. It seemed to me but to communicate the
resignation directly to the Secretary...." Caleb Cushing (1800-1879), a
Democrat, represented his Massachusetts district in the US Congress
(1835-1843). After the Senate rejected his nomination to be President
Tyler's Secretary of the Treasury, Tyler appointed him US Minister to China
(1843-1845), where he negotiated the first treaty between the two nations.
During the Mexican War, Cushing raised, equipped and commanded a volunteer
regiment, seeing no combat there. After two failed runs for Governor of
Massachusetts and a year on that State's Supreme Judicial Court, he served as
US Attorney General under President Pierce (1853-1857). A "doughface"
northern Democrat who supported the South on the issue of slavery, Cushing
presided over the Democratic National Convention at Baltimore in 1860, until he
walked out with southern Democrats. Then he presided over the Charleston
convention which nominated James Breckinridge for President. Although he
remained loyal to the Union during the Civil War, his southern sympathies dogged
the rest of his career. When President Grant nominated him for the US Supreme
Court, Senate opposition compelled withdrawal of the nomination (the second time
Cushing had been rebuffed for a Cabinet post). Cushing served as US Minister
to Columbia and then to Spain. When he declined this invitation, Cushing was
serving (1866-1870) on a 3-man commission appointed by President Johnson to
propose revisions in the federal legal code. Creased, lightly soiled and
stained. 2, 1-inch vertical tears touch 3 words of text and date (all intact).
Otherwise, fine condition.
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