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CHIEF JUSTICE OLIVER ELLSWORTH - AUTOGRAPH DOCUMENT SIGNED 09/17/1777 - HFSID 168343

 

OLIVER ELLSWORTH
Oliver Ellsworth, a member of Connecticut's Committee of the Pay Table during the American Revolutionary War, wrote and signed this document in 1777 to pay someone 20 pounds for "Post Riding".
Autograph Document signed: "OEllsworth" as "Comtee". 1 page, 8½x7¼, docketed on verso. Hartford, Connecticut, Sept. 17, 1777. Ellsworth signed this document to pay Mr. Jesse Brown 20 pounds for "Post Riding". The military finances for the colony of Connecticut were handled by the Pay-Table, also known as the Committee of Four, during the American Revolution (1775-1783). Pay-Table members rotated during the lengthy confrontation with England, and included such notables as jurist OLIVER ELLSWORTH, attorney Oliver Wolcott, Jr. (a future U.S. Secretary of the Treasury), Hezekiah Rogers (an aide de camp to General Jedidiah Huntington, who was also a member), William Moseley, Fenn Wadsworth, Eleazer Wales and General Samuel Wyllys, son of Governor George Wyllys. Financing the Revolution laid a heavy burden upon each colony, especially those which balked at levying taxes. In order to meet immediate needs, such as wages, the colonies relied upon wealthy revolutionists, foreign loans, and taxes and gifts from abroad. Connecticut issued promissory notes such as this. Issuing paper money was only a temporary solution, and worthless without specie or gold and silver backing. The U. S. would establish its standard monetary system in 1791. ELLSWORTH (1745-1807, born in Windsor, Connecticut) represented Connecticut in the Continental Congress from 1777 to 1784 and was a Judge of the Connecticut Superior Court from 1785 to 1789. A delegate to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, he helped broker the "Connecticut Compromise", which broke the impasse between large and small states over representation in Congress. He was one of Connecticut's first two U. S. Senators, serving from 1789 to March 8, 1796, when he resigned, having been appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court by President George Washington. While in Congress, he drafted the Judiciary Act of 1789, which organized the federal judiciary system. He retired from the Court in 1799. Lightly toned and bowed. Ink transference, which touches signature. Show-through from verso, which touches manuscript writing but not signatures. Docket is lightly smeared. Irregular right and bottom edges. Rounded corners with missing left corners. Random ink stains. Light tears at right edge. Folded in half vertically and twice horizontally and unfolded. Otherwise in fine condition.


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CHIEF JUSTICE OLIVER ELLSWORTH  


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CHIEF JUSTICE OLIVER ELLSWORTH
Born: April 29, 1745 in Windsor, Connecticut
Died: November 26, 1807 in Windsor, Connecticut





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