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CHIEF JUSTICE OLIVER ELLSWORTH - MANUSCRIPT DOCUMENT SIGNED 12/12/1775 CO-SIGNED BY: EZEKIEL WILLIAMS, MAYOR THOMAS SEYMOUR - HFSID 168342

 

OLIVER ELLSWORTH, THOMAS SEYMOUR and EZEKIEL WILLIAMS
Oliver Ellsworth, Thomas Seymour and Ezekiel Williams, members of Connecticut's Committee of the Pay Table during the American Revolutionary War, signed this document in 1775 to pay the paymaster of the 10th Company of the 6th Connecticut Regiment 1,110 pounds.
Manuscript Document signed: "TSeymour", "Ez Williams" and "O. Ellsworth" as "Comtee". 1 page, 7¼x4, docketed on verso. Dec. 12, 1775. Ellsworth, Seymour and Williams signed this document to pay Captain Abel Spicer, paymaster of the 10th Company of the 6th Connecticut Regiment, 1,110 pounds. The military finances for the colony of Connecticut were handled by the Pay-Table, also known as the Committee of Four, during the American Revolution (1775-1783). Pay-Table members rotated during the lengthy confrontation with England, and included such notables as jurist OLIVER ELLSWORTH, attorney Oliver Wolcott, Jr. (a future U.S. Secretary of the Treasury), Hezekiah Rogers (an aide de camp to General Jedediah Huntington, who was also a member), William Moseley, Fenn Wadsworth, Eleazer Wales and General Samuel Wyllys, son of Governor George Wyllys. Financing the Revolution laid a heavy burden upon each colony, especially those which balked at levying taxes. In order to meet immediate needs, such as wages, the colonies relied upon wealthy revolutionists, foreign loans, and taxes and gifts from abroad. Connecticut issued promissory notes such as this. Issuing paper money was only a temporary solution, and worthless without specie or gold and silver backing. The U. S. would establish its standard monetary system in 1791. ELLSWORTH (1745-1807, born in Windsor, Connecticut) represented Connecticut in the Continental Congress from 1777 to 1784 and was a Judge of the Connecticut Superior Court from 1785 to 1789. A delegate to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, he helped broker the "Connecticut Compromise", which broke the impasse between large and small states over representation in Congress. He was one of Connecticut's first two U. S. Senators, serving from 1789 to March 8, 1796, when he resigned, having been appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court by President George Washington. While in Congress, he drafted the Judiciary Act of 1789, which organized the federal judiciary system. He retired from the Court in 1799. WILLIAMS (1729-1818) was a successful Wethersfield, Connecticut merchant who served throughout the war as Commissary of Prisoners held in Connecticut. He was a member of the Committee of the Pay Table for Connecticut from 1775 and sheriff of Hartford County from 1767 to 1789. SEYMOUR (1735-1829, born in Hartford, Connecticut) was a colonel with the Volunteer Connecticut Light Horse during the Revolutionary War and was the first mayor of Hartford, Connecticut (1774-1812). Lightly toned, bowed and rippled. Pen dribbled while writing Williams' signature, which is legible. Show-through from verso, which touches signatures. Signatures touch. Random ink stains. Light tears at left and right edges. Irregular bottom edge. Folded in half and unfolded. Otherwise in fine condition.


For more documents by these signers click the names below:

CHIEF JUSTICE OLIVER ELLSWORTH   EZEKIEL WILLIAMS   MAYOR THOMAS SEYMOUR  


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CHIEF JUSTICE OLIVER ELLSWORTH
Born: April 29, 1745 in Windsor, Connecticut
Died: November 26, 1807 in Windsor, Connecticut





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