SALMON P. CHASE. Signature: "SP Chase/USS", 2½x¾, affixed
to 3½x1 sheet. Circa 1849-1855. Salmon Portland Chase (1808-1873) served
as a Free-Soil Democratic U.S. Senator from Ohio from 1849-1855, when he
became Governor of Ohio (1856-1860; first elected as a Free-Soil
Democrat, he was re-elected as a Republican in 1857). A candidate for the
1860 Republican Party nomination for President, Chase returned to the U.S.
Senate on March 4, 1861, but resigned two days later, having been appointed
Secretary of the Treasury by President Abraham Lincoln. Known for his
frequent disputes with Lincoln, Chase resigned from the Cabinet on July 1, 1864,
but, in a surprise move, Lincoln appointed him as Chief Justice of the
Supreme Court on December 6, 1864. During his tenure (until his death in
1873), Chase was dedicated to the rights of Black Americans and supported the
Reconstruction Acts. In 1868, his impartial conducting of President
Andrew Johnson's impeachment trial angered his Radical Republican friends.
Disowned by his own party, Chase was unsuccessfully suggested as a possible 1868
Democratic presidential candidate. Both signature sheet and mounting sheet are
soiled. Mounting sheet is lightly stained at blank right margin. Irregularly
torn at blank left edge, upper right blank corner torn away, chipped at lower
right blank edge. Overall, fine condition.
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CHIEF JUSTICE SALMON P. CHASE
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