|COLONEL FRANK BORMAN|
Born: March 14, 1928 in Gary, Indiana
A hero of the American Space Odyssey, Frank Borman led
the first team of American astronauts to circle the moon, extending man's
horizons into space. He is internationally known as Commander of the 1968 Apollo
8 Mission. A romance with airplanes that began when he was 15 years old, took
Frank Borman to the Air Force and then to NASA.
A career Air Force officer from 1950, his assignments
included service as a fighter pilot, an operational pilot and instructor, an
experimental test pilot and an assistant professor of Thermodynamics and Fluid
Mechanics at West Point. When selected by NASA, Frank Borman was instructor at
the Aerospace Research Pilot School at Edwards AFB, California.
In 1967 he served as a member of the Apollo 204 Fire Investigation Board,
investigating the causes of the fire which killed three astronauts aboard an
Apollo spacecraft, reminiscent of the Challenger tragedy. Later he became the Apollo Program
Resident Manager, heading the team that re-engineered the Apollo spacecraft. He
also served as Field Director of NASA's Space Station Task Force.
Frank Borman retired from the air Force in 1970, but is
well remembered as a part of this nation's history, a pioneer in the exploration
of space and a veteran of both the Gemini 7, 1965 Space Orbital Rendezvous with
Gemini 6 and the first manned lunar orbital mission, Apollo 8, in 1968.
Borman's retirement from the Air Force in 1970 did not
end his aviation career. He became a special advisor to Eastern Airlines in
early 1969 and in December 1970 was named Sr. Vice President-Operations
He was promoted to Executive Vice President-Genera
Operations Manager and was elected to Eastern's Board of Directors in July 1974.
In May 1975 he was elected President and Chief Operating Officer. He was named
Chief Executive Officer in December 1975 and became Chairman of the Board in
During his tenure as Chief Executive Officer of Eastern,
the airline industry went through an enormous change caused by deregulation.
During this period Eastern originated several unique programs including profit
sharing and wages tied to company profitability. These programs produced the
four most profitable years in the company's history. A recalcitrant union forced
their abandonment in 1983 and the resulting loses led to the sale of the airline
to Texas Air Corporation. Colonel Borman retired from Eastern Airlines in June
Colonel Borman was privileged to serve as Special
Presidential Ambassador on trips throughout the Far East and Europe, including a
worldwide tour to seek support for the release of American Prisoners of war held
by North Vietnam.
He received the Congressional Space Medal of Honor from
the President of the United States. Colonel Borman also was awarded the Harmon
International Aviation Trophy, the Robert J. Collier Trophy, the Tony Jannus
Award and the National Geographic Society's Hubbard Medal--in addition to many
honorary degrees, special honors and service decorations. More recently, in
September of 1990, Colonel Borman along with fellow Apollo 8 astronauts, Lovell
and Anders, was inducted into the International Aerospace Hall of Fame. And in
October of 1990 received the Airport Operators Council International Downes
Award. In March 1993, he was inducted into the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame.
Frank Borman was born in Gary, Indiana, and was raised
in Tucson, Arizona. He earned a Bachelor of Science degree from the U.S.
Military Academy, West Point, in 1950 and a Master of Science degree in
Aeronautical Engineering from the California Institute of Technology in 1957. He
completed the Harvard Business School's Advanced Management Program in 1970.
Frank Borman is currently a member of the Board of Directors of the Home
Depot, National Geographic, Outboard Marine Corporation, Auto Finance Group,
Thermo Instrument Systems and American Superconductor. He was named Chief
Executive Office of Patlex Corporation in the spring of 1988, and presently
holds the titles of Chairman, CEO and President of that Corporation. He has
written an autobiography entitled Countdown: An Autobiography of Frank Borman with Robert
J. Serling, released October of 1988 and published by Silver Arrow Books,
William Morrow and Company, Inc.
He is married to the former Susan Bugbee of Tucson,
Arizona. They have two sons, Frederick and Edwin, and four grandchildren. Frank
and Susan presently reside in Las Cruces, New Mexico.
Born: February 23, 1949 in Quebec City, Canada
Born in February 1949 in Quebec City, Canada. He received
his early education in Quebec City and Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu in Quebec and in
London, England. He received a Bachelor of Science degree in Engineering Physics
from the Royal Military College of Kingston in 1970, and a Doctorate in
Electrical Engineering from the Imperial College of Science and Technology,
London, England, in 1973. He attended the Canadian Forces Command and Staff
College of Toronto in 1982-1983.
Marc Garneau was a Combat Systems Engineer in HMCS
Algonquin from 1974-76. While serving as an instructor in naval weapon systems
at the Canadian Forces Fleet School in Halifax, 1976-77, he designed a simulator
for use in training weapons officers in the use of missile systems aboard Tribal
class destroyers. He served as Project Engineer in naval weapon systems in
Ottawa from 1977 to 1980. He returned to Halifax with the Naval Engineering
Unit, which troubleshoots and performs trials on ship-fitted equipment, and
helped develop an aircraft-towed target system for the scoring of naval gunnery
accuracy. Promoted to Commander in 1982 while at Staff College, he was
transferred to Ottawa in 1983 and became design authority for naval
communications and electronic warfare equipment and systems. In January 1986, he
was promoted to Captain. He retired from the Navy in 1989. He is one of six
Canadian astronauts selected in December 1983. He was seconded to the Canadian
Astronaut Program from the Department of National Defence in February 1984 to
begin astronaut training. He became the first Canadian astronaut to fly in space
as a Payload Specialist on Shuttle Mission 41-G in October 1984. He was named
Deputy Director of the Canadian Astronaut Program in 1989, providing technical
and program support in the preparation of experiments to fly during future
Canadian missions. He was selected for Mission Specialist training in July
Marc Garneau reported to the Johnson Space Center in
August 1992. He completed a one-year training and evaluation program to be
qualified for flight assignment as a Mission Specialist. He initially worked on
technical issues for the Astronaut Office Robotics Integration Team and
subsequently served as Capsule Communicator (CAPCOM) in Mission Control during
Shuttle flights. A veteran of three space flights (STS-41G in 1984, STS-77 in
1996 and STS-97 in 2000), Marc Garneau has logged over 677 hours in space. In
February 2001, Marc Garneau was appointed Executive Vice President, Canadian
Space Agency. He was subsequently appointed President of the Canadian Space
Agency, effective November 22, 2001. He resigned from this position on November
28, 2005, to run for office in the federal election.
Honorary Fellow of the Canadian Aeronautics and Space
Institute. Member of the Association of Professional Engineers of Nova Scotia,
and the Navy League of Canada. He was named Honorary Member of the Canadian
Society of Aviation Medicine in 1988 and a Member of the International Academy
of Astronautics in 2002. Marc Garneau is the National Honourary Patron of Hope
Air and Project North Star and the President of the Board of the McGill Chamber
He was promoted Companion of the Order of Canada in 2003,
having been appointed as an Officer in 1984. Named Chancellor of Carleton
University (2003). Awarded a Doctor of Science degree, honoris causa, by York
University (2002) and the University of Lethbridge (2001). Recipient of the Prix
Montfort en sciences (2003); Golden Jubilee Medal of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth
II (2002); NASA Exceptional Service Medal (1997); NASA Space Flight Medals
(1984, 1996, 2000); the Canadian Decoration (military) (1980); the Athlone
Fellowship (1970); and the National Research Council (NRC) Bursary (1972).
Awarded Honorary Doctorates by the University of Ottawa (1997); the Collège
militaire royal de Saint-Jean (1990); the Université Laval, Québec (1985); the
Technical University of Nova Scotia (1985); and the Royal Military College,
Kingston, Ontario (1985). Co-recipient of the F.W. (Casey) Baldwin Award in 1985
for the best paper in the Canadian Aeronautics and Space
Born: October 2, 1921 in Berkeley, California
Died: April 19, 2006 in Ludville, Georgia
Albert S. "Scott" Crossfield joined the National
Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA--the predecessor of the National
Aeronautics and Space Administration or NASA) at its High Speed Flight Research
Station (now NASA Dryden Flight Research Center), Edwards, Calif., as a research
pilot in June 1950. During the next five years, he flew the X-1, X-4, X-5,
XF-92A, F-51D, F-86F, F9F, B-47A, YF-84, F-84F, F-100A, YF-102, D-558-I and
D-558-II. During that time he logged 100 rocket flights, making him the single
most experienced rocket pilot.
Throughout his life, Crossfield advocated aerospace education and was a
strong supporter of the Civil Air Patrol (USAF auxiliary) and, in particular,
CAP's aerospace education program. He created the A. Scott Crossfield Aerospace
Education Teacher of the Year Award to recognize and reward teachers for
outstanding accomplishments in aerospace education and for their dedication to
the students they teach in kindergarten through 12th grade at public, private or
parochial schools. Additionally, CAP senior members can qualify for the A. Scott
Crossfield Aerospace Education Award. This recognition program is for CAP senior
members who have earned the Master Rating in the Aerospace Education Officer
Although revered for his flying exploits, Crossfield preferred to emphasize
his role as a scientist. "I am an aeronautical engineer, an aerodynamicist and a
designer," he told Aviation Week & Space Technology magazine in a 1988
interview. "My flying was only primarily because I felt that it was essential to
designing and building better airplanes for pilots to fly."
Crossfield died on April 19, 2006 when his private plane crashed near Ranger,
Ga., during a flight from Prattville, Ala., to Manassas, Va., near his
MAJOR GENERAL ROBERT MICHAEL WHITE
Born: July 6, 1924 in New York City, New York
Died: March 17, 2010 in Orlando, Florida
Rank: Maojor General
X-15 Flight Pilot,
Selection: 57 MISS Group
Missions: X-15 Flight
White was designated the Air Force's primary pilot for the North American
X-15 program in 1958. While the new plane was undergoing its initial tests, he
attended the Air Command and Staff College at Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama,
graduating in 1959. He made his first test flight of the X-15 on April 15, 1960,
when the aircraft was fitted with two interim, 16,000 lbf (71 kN) thrust rocket
engines. Four months later he flew to an altitude of 136,000 ft (41.5 km, above
Rogers Dry Lake. White would have participated in the Air Force's Man In Space
Soonest program, had it come to fruition.
In February, 1961, White unofficially set a new air speed record when he flew
the X-15 at a speed of 2,275 mph (3,660 km/h), following the installation of a
57,000 lbf (254 kN) thrust XLR-99 engine. White was the first human to fly an
aircraft at Mach 4 and later Mach 5 over the next eight months. On 9 November
1961, White flew the X-15 at 4,093 mph (6,590 km/h), making him the first pilot
to fly a winged craft at six times the speed of sound (Mach 6). President John
F. Kennedy used the occasion to confer the most prestigious award in American
aviation, the Robert J. Collier Trophy, jointly to White and three of his fellow
X-15 pilots; NASA's Joseph Walker, Commander Forrest S. Peterson of the U.S.
Navy, and North American Aviation test pilot Scott Crossfield. A day later, Air
Force Chief of Staff General Curtis E. LeMay awarded White his new rating as a
Command Pilot Astronaut.
On 17 July 1962, Major White flew the X-15 to an altitude of 314,750 feet (59
miles, 96 km). This qualified him for an Astronaut Badge, becoming the first
"Winged Astronaut", and one of a few who have flown into space without a
conventional spacecraft. Major Bob White was featured with a cover story in the
August 3d, 1962 issue of LIFE magazine, detailing his July 17, 1962
BRIGADIER GENERAL CHUCK YEAGER
Born: February 13, 1923 in Myra, West Virginia
2009 The Legend of Pancho Barnes and the Happy Bottom Riding Club (in person), 2007 Nova (Other), 2005 Thunder in the Desert (in person), 2004 War Stories with Oliver North (Other), 2003 The Real Men with 'The Right Stuff' (in person), 2003 Realizing 'The Right Stuff' (in person), 2003 100 Years of the World Series (Other), 2002 Rocket Science (in person), 1989 Presidential Inaugural Gala (in person), 1987 Good Morning America (in person), 1986 Looney Tunes 50th Anniversary (in person), 1985 Spaceflight (in person), 1985 Flying Without Fear (Performer), 1984 Speed (Other), 1983 The Right Stuff (Performer), 1983 The Right Stuff (Other), 1980 Smokey and the Bandit II (Performer), 1966 I Dream of Jeannie (in person), 1964 What's My Line (in person), 1957 Jet Pilot (Stunt work), 1953 Goodyear Playhouse (Performer)
CAPTAIN RICHARD F. GORDON JR.
Born: October 5, 1929 in Seattle, Washington
Richard F. Gordon, Jr. (Captain, U.S. Navy, Retired)
PERSONAL DATA: Born October 5, 1929, in
Seattle, Washington. Married to the former Barbara J. Field of Seattle,
Washington. Two daughters and four sons (one deceased). He enjoys water skiing
EDUCATION: Graduated from North Kitsap High
School, Poulsbo, Washington; received a Bachelor of Science degree in Chemistry
from the University of Washington in 1951.
ORGANIZATIONS: Fellow, American Astronautical
Society; Associate Fellow, Society of Experimental Test Pilots; and Navy
SPECIAL HONORS: Awarded the NASA Distinguished
Service Medal, NASA Exceptional Service Medal, two Navy Distinguished Flying
Crosses, Navy Astronaut Wings, the Navy distinguished Service Medal, Institute
of Navigation Award for 1969, Godfrey L. Cabot Award in 1970, the Rear Admiral
William S. Parsons Award for Scientific and Technical Progress, 1970; Phi Sigma
Kappa Merit Award, 1966; NASA MSC Superior Achievement Award; NASA Group
Achievement Award; FAI Record.1961 (Transcontinental Speed Record); and FAI
World Record (Altitude Record, Gemini XI).
COMMUNITY ACTIVITIES: Gordon has served as
Chairman and co-Chairman of the Louisiana Heart Fund, Chairman of the March of
Dimes (Mother's March), Honorary Chairman for Muscular Dystrophy, and Board of
Directors for the Boy Scouts of America and Boys' Club of Greater New
Gordon, R. F., F4H-1 NAVY PRELIMINARY EVALUATION, Phase I, NAS Patuxent
River, Maryland, September 1958.
Gordon, R. F., F4H-1 NAVY PRELIMINARY EVALUATION, Phase I Supplement, October
Gordon, R. F., FJ-4B FUEL CONSUMPTION AND PERFORMANCE REPORT, Flight Test,
NAS Patuxent River, Maryland, 1958.
Gordon, R. F., F11F FUEL CONSUMPTION AND PERFORMANCE REPORT, Flight Test, NAS
Patuxent River, Maryland, 1958.
Gordon, R. F., REVISED ROLL PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR MIL-SPEC-F-8785. All
Aircraft in Configuration PA, Flight Test, NAS Patuxent River, Maryland, 1958.
Gordon, R. F., F8U SPIN EVALUATION REPORT, Flight Test, NAS Patuxent River,
Gordon, R. F., GEMINI XI, GEMINI PROGRAM MISSION REPORT, NASA Manned
Spacecraft Center Report, October 1966.
Gordon, R. F., APOLLO XII MISSION REPORT, NASA Manned Spacecraft Center
Report, December 1969.
EXPERIENCE: Gordon, a Navy Captain, received
his wings as a naval aviator in 1953. He then attended All-Weather Flight School
and jet transitional training and was subsequently assigned to an all-weather
fighter squadron at the Naval Air Station at Jacksonville, Florida.
In 1957, he attended the Navy's Test Pilot School at Patuxent River,
Maryland, and served as a flight test pilot until 1960. During this tour of
duty, he did flight test work on the F8U Crusader, F11F Tigercat, FJ Fury, and
A4D Skyhawk, and was the first project test pilot for the F4H Phantom II. He
served with Fighter Squadron 121 at the Miramar, California, Naval Air Station
as a flight instructor in the F4H and participated in the introduction of that
aircraft to the Atlantic and Pacific fleets. He was also flight safety officer,
assistant operations officer, and ground training officer for Fighter Squadron
96 at Miramar.
Winner of the Bendix Trophy Race from Los Angeles to New York in May 1961, he
established a new speed record of 869.74 miles per hour and a transcontinental
speed record of 2 hours and 47 minutes.
He was also a student at the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School at Monterey,
He has logged more that 4,500 hours flying time--3,500 hours in jet
NASA EXPERIENCE: Captain Gordon was one of the
third group of astronauts named by NASA in October 1963. He served as backup
pilot for the Gemini 8 flight.
On September 12, 1966, he served as pilot for the 3-day Gemini XI mission--on
which rendezvous with an Agena was achieved in less than one orbit. He executed
docking maneuvers with the previously launched Agena and performed two periods
of extravehicular activity which included attaching a tether to the Agena and
retrieving a nuclear emulsion experiment package. Other highlights accomplished
by Gordon and command pilot Charles Conrad on this flight included the
successful completion of the first tethered station-keeping exercise,
establishment of a new altitude record of 850 miles, and completion of the first
fully automatic controlled reentry. The flight was concluded on September 15,
1966, with the spacecraft landing in the Atlantic--2 1/2 miles from the prime
recovery ship USS GUAM.
Gordon was subsequently assigned as backup command pilot for Apollo 9.
He occupied the command module pilot seat on Apollo 12, November 14-24, 1969.
Other crewmen on man's second lunar landing mission were Charles Conrad,
spacecraft commander, and Alan L. Bean, lunar module pilot. Throughout the
31-hour lunar surface stay by Conrad and Bean, Gordon remained in lunar orbit
aboard the command module, "Yankee Clipper," obtaining desired mapping
photographs of tentative landing sites for future missions. He also performed
the final re-docking maneuvers following the successful lunar orbit rendezvous
which was initiated by Conrad and Bean from within "Intrepid" after their ascent
from the moon's surface.
All of the mission's objectives were accomplished and Apollo 12 achievements
include: The first precision lunar landing with "Intrepid's" touchdown in the
moon's Ocean of Storms; the first lunar traverse by Conrad and Bean as they
deployed the Apollo Lunar Surface Experiment Package (ALSEP), installed a
nuclear power generator station to provide the power source for these long-term
scientific experiments, gathered samples of the lunar surface for return to
earth, and completed a close up inspection of the Surveyor III spacecraft.
The Apollo 12 mission lasted 244 hours and 36 minutes and was concluded with
a Pacific spashdown and subsequent recovery operations by the USS HORNET.
Captain Gordon has completed two space flights, logging a total of 315 hours
and 53 minutes in space--2 hours and 44 minutes of which were spent in EVA.
He served as backup spacecraft commander for Apollo 15.
Captain Gordon retired from NASA and the USN in January 1972.
Since then he has served as Executive Vice President of the New Orleans
Saints Professional Football Club in the National Football League (1972); was
General Manager of Energy Developers, Limited (EDL), a Texas Partnership
involved in a joint venture with Rocket Research Corporation for the development
of a liquid chemical explosive for use in the oil and gas industry (1977);
President of Resolution Engineering and Development Company (REDCO) which
provided design and operational requirements for wild oil well control and fire
fighting equipment onboard large semi-submersible utility vessels (1978);
following REDCO merger with Amarco Resources, Gordon assumed the additional
duties of Vice President of Marketing, Westdale, an oil well servicing
subsidiary of AMARCO operating in North Central Texas and Oklahoma, and also
served as Vice President for Operations, Texas Division (1980); served as
Director, Scott Science and Technology, Inc., Los Angeles Division (1981-1983).
In March 1982 he became President of Astro Sciences Corporation. This company
provides a range of services including engineering, project management, project
field support teams, to software and hardware system design for control room
applications. In the Summer of 1984, Gordon was a Technical Advisor for and
played the part of "Capcom" in the CBS mini-series 'Space' by James A.
2013 The Last Man on the Moon (in person), 2010 Moonbug (in person), 2009 The Apollo Years (Other), 2008 When We Left Earth: The NASA Missions (Other), 2007 Secrets of the Moon Landings (Other), 2003 Project Gemini: A Bridge to the Moon (in person), 2003 Failure Is Not an Option (Other), 1997 Was It Only a Paper Moon (Other), 1994 Moon Shot (in person), 1989 For All Mankind (in person), 1987 Heaven (in person)