CZAR ALEXANDRE I
Untranslated document in French and Russian, signed by Alexandre in
Document signed "Alexandre" 3 pages, 18¾x14½ unfolded, (two
sheets folded, front and verso, bound with red-and-gold string). Paper seal on
page 1 and wax seal remnant on page 3. 1823. In French and
Russian, untranslated. Alexandre I (1777-1825, born Aleksandr Pavlovich,
born in St. Petersburg, Russia) was Emperor of Russia and Ruler of Poland from
1801 from 1825. He was Catherine the Great's grandson; she favored him for
succession over her own son and Alexandre's father, Paul Petrovich, but was
unsuccessful. Paul was made czar in 1796, but was unpopular; several army
officers assassinated him in 1801. Alexandre may have been part of the
conspiracy to assassinate his father or may have at least known of the plot.
In any case, he became czar on March 23, 1801. Alexandre instituted a
number of reforms, including prohibition of torture, public education and
freedom for publishing houses. France invaded Russia in 1812, 11 years into
Alexandre's rule, and was turned away only after burning much of Moscow and
being caught out in the vicious Russian winter. Alexandre turned to religion
during the invasion. He formed the Holy Alliance with Austria and Prussia in
1815, which was ostensibly formed to bring about peace in Europe but was instead
used to crush uprisings against despotic regimes. Alexandre consequently saw
reformers as enemies of god, and Russia became more reactionary; he rolled
back many of his reforms during the second half of his reign. He died in
1825 amid rumors that he staged his own funeral in order to renounce his crown.
Lightly toned and creased. Edges have small tears. Wax seal has discolored
pages. Folded two times horizontally and five times vertically. Worn and torn
along spine. Otherwise in fine condition.
For more documents by these signers click the names below:
CZAR ALEXANDER I (RUSSIA)
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