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Manuscript letter to his Minister of War, signed as Emperor (1811).
Manuscript LS: "Nap" in French as Emperor of the French, 2 pages, 7¼x9, front and verso. Paris, 1811 April 17. To the Duke of Feltre. Not translated. Emperor Napoléon tells his Minister of War to "give the order to the Portuguese half-brigade at Bourges to be sent to Orléans" and for the disposition of other Portuguese troops. Napoléon mentions Germany, Grenoble, Lyon, Geneva, Paris and Portugal. With a one-line note in French mentioning "Mr. Gerard", possibly in Feltre's hand on a 3½x1¼ slip attached by a straight pin (probably from 1811) at lower left. HENRI J.G. CLARKE, DUKE OF FELTRE, Napoléon's Minister of War (1807-1814), later served King Louis XVIII as Minister of War. In 1809, Napoléon created the kingdom of Westphalia for his brother, Jérôme Bonaparte. Five days after this letter, on April 22nd, the second siege of Badajoz in western Spain at the Portuguese border began. It ended on May 12th with another French victory for General Phillipon and the defeat of British General William Beresford. Viscount Beresford had reorganized the Portuguese army (of which he was made Marshal) in 1809. With Portugal allied with Britain to fend of a French invasion, it may seem surprising that Bonaparte had Portuguese troops garrisoned in France under his command, but the French revolution attracted sympathizers throughout Europe, many of whom were organized into units of the French Army. Red smudge at upper left corner. Pinhead-size hole at lower left blank margin. Light show-through of ink. Fine condition.

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Born: August 15, 1769 in Ajaccio, Corsica, France
Died: May 5, 1821 in Longwood, Saint Helena

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