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FRANCIS PRESTON BLAIR SR. - SIGNATURE(S) CO-SIGNED BY: REVERDY JOHNSON - DOCUMENT 17218

 
FRANCIS PRESTON BLAIR, SR. and REVERDY JOHNSON
Signatures of two Democrats who gave vital support to President Lincoln during the Civil War
Signatures: "F. P. Blair", "Reverdy Johnson/Md", 5½x4¾. FRANCIS PRESTON BLAIR, SR. (1791-1876) was editor of the Washington Globe, the principal organ of the Democratic Party, and a member of President Jackson's "Kitchen Cabinet" of intimate advisors. Although a slave-owner, he supported anti-slavery Presidential candidates from the 1850s. One of his sons, Montgomery Blair, was President Lincoln's Postmaster General (1861-1864). Another, Francis P. Blair, Jr., was a Union general and the Democratic Party's Vice Presidential candidate in 1868. Francis P. Blair Sr. owned Blair House, on Pennsylvania Avenue, which now hosts guests of the US President. Blair also named Silver Spring, Maryland, where he built a summer home. REVERDY JOHNSON (1796-1876), a US Senator from Maryland (1845-1849, 1863-1868) and US Attorney General under President Taylor and Fillmore (1849-1850), was appointed US Minister to Britain (1868-1869). Although he had been legal counsel to the slave-owning defendant in the Dred Scott case (1857), Johnson was personally opposed to slavery and played an important role in preventing Maryland from seceding in 1861. He was the only Democrat to vote in favor of Reconstruction legislation, but also argued for less punitive treatment of the South. He was ready to defend Mary Surratt, the woman charged by the military tribunal trying accused conspirators in the Lincoln assassination, but withdrew from the case, fearing his involvement might hurt her chances. As US Minister to Britain he negotiated a treaty settling claims arising from the Civil War, but the Senate rejected the agreement. The Blair family, and Reverdy Johnson, played vital roles in keeping the border states of Missouri and Maryland in the Union in 1861. Both returned later to the Democratic Party. Left edge ragged from previous binding. Lightly toned around edges. Top left corner chipped away. Otherwise fine condition.


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FRANCIS PRESTON BLAIR SR.   REVERDY JOHNSON  


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FRANCIS PRESTON BLAIR SR.

Died: Circa 1876



REVERDY JOHNSON
Born: May 21, 1796 in Annapolis, Maryland
Died: February 10, 1876 in Annapolis, Maryland





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