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GENERAL FRANCISCO CARRILLO MORALES - AUTOGRAPH LETTER SIGNED 02/21/1898 - HFSID 218060

 

FRANCISCO CARRILLO
The Cuban General and later Vice President writes an important letter to his friend Agent Luis referring to some newspapers, the Spanish proclaim, war supplies, the corruption and iniquities of the Cuban justice and confirming him his loyalty and friendship
Autograph Letter Signed: "Francisco Carrillo" in iron gall ink. 10½x8¼. Fully Translated in English: "Forth Force of War Regiment. To the general agent Luis. My distinguished compatriot and cherish friend: I happily receive your letters and on the same mood reply to them. I have two in my power, the first is dated on the 11 of last month and the second one on the 2nd of this month. With this one I received the newspapers that have such interesting news and the little Spanish proclaim. Regarding the question you make me about how come we have not concluded with the cane in this province, I can assure you that it burns with authority and even more since today on because what I needed the most for it was the phosphorus, and the extra one you send me will be used in the most dangerous spots, so I will really appreciate your shipment. Now that I am in the 1st. Division I personally make sure to interrupt the purpose that the enemy pursues with eagerness, so I can stay in this my homeland for more days; lately, magnificent operations have been realized in the 2nd Division whose Chief is Brigadier Monteagudo. You will be convinced about it in the next numbers of the newspaper 'Las Villas'. For me, I don't need the paper. In your first letter you mention Tenant Colonel Mendez, who I recommended to you. I know he returned safe, thanks to his zeal and activity. The Fatherland owns you so much! You should know, due to the failing of the economy, how much about it I have written to you. Look how the epidemic of presentations has diminished. This wasn't anything else but the moment impression, the novelty, the contagious to hurt spirits, whose bodies were already hindering or had to run away from the persecution of the Cuban justice for its iniquities and evildoing, like the prostituted Maso Parra. I have received all the correspondence that you have sent me, and also have sent away the one that did not correspond to this barrack. Certainly, I repeat you that I am very thankful and satisfied with your offerings and negotiations. Today I will send correspondence to the Chief General of this headship and to other individuals, so you can deliver them. You don't know with how much pleasure I shall welcome you and everyone that come accompanying you- for what you told me. I will have the satisfaction to shake your hand so I wish you could inform me with anticipation of your excursion so I don't miss the opportunity to spend some days with you in the freed Cuba. I heard about the loss of the "Maine", the destitution of Lome, etc. Please give me the gift to keep updated of the processes that because of those motives would be developed. Until the next letter, in which the newspaper will be included. You can count on the estimation of your friend. The Chief of the 4th Force, Mayor General Francisco Carrillo. Taxajeras, February 21, 1898." Francisco Carrillo (1851-1926) was a Mayor General of the Cuban Liberation Army who combated in the three wars for the independence of Cuba. He was also an active collaborator of the Cuban Revolutionary Party and one of the main organizers of the War of 95 in Cuba. He survived the war and had an active political life in the Neocolonial Republic. He initiated his military career in 1869, joining the forces of Mayor General Salome Hernandez and later he marched to Camaguey with the troops of Las Villas. On May 10, 1873 in the campsite of Jimaguayu, Mayor General Ignacio Agramonte gave to the then captain Carrillo, in the eve of his fall in combat, a revolver as a stimulus for having obtained the best grades in the academy directed by him. On September 28, 1873 under the order of the new chief of Camaguey, Mayor General Maximo Gomez Baez, Carrillo had an outstanding participation in the attack to Santa Cruz del Sur and was wounded in the second Combat of Jimaguayu. He took part in the actions of La Sacra, Palo Seco and Las Guasimas. In 1874, Gomez ordered him to go to Las Villas with the rank of Commander. In Hondones he joined the then Tenant Colonel Francisco Jimenez. On September 23, along with 30 men, he attacked the Fuerte Tetuan near of Remedios. He also participated in the combats of Corojal, Hondones and Las Chacas and in the attacks to Sancti Spiritus and Remedios. On june 29, 1875 he was ascended to the rank of Tenant Colonel and was wounded in the combat of Nuevas de Jobosi. In 1877 Francisco Carrillo fought in Aguada del Tinglado and gained the title of Colonel. Once the Pacto of Zanjon was concerted on February 10, 1878, he deposed the arms on March 18 of that same year along with General Carlos Roloff. Francisco Carrillo was one of the organizers of the Guerra Chiquita (Little War) in Las Villas. On November 9, 1879 he took up arms in Remedios and in that month he held an encounter with a Spanish troop in Sabanas de Pedro Barba, near Zulueta, in which he had a personal duel with Hermann Brandeyrs, who was a Prussian official in service of Spain. During all that time, he had battles in Ingenio Viejo, Caraballo, Itabo, Juan de Vera, Pesquero and Sabanas Nuevas de Jobosi and in 1880 he was in possession of the General of Brigade rank. Francisco Carrillo went to the United States of America, where he resided for twelve years and obtained the American citizenship. After going back to Cuba in 1892, he incorporated himself in the conspiracy, becoming one of the main organizers of the Guerra Necesaria (The Necessary War) inside the island. In the morning of February 24, 1895, he was detained in Remedios and sent to the fortress of La Cabana. The government of the United States of America claimed his expatriation due to his condition of American citizen and spent there some months. Once he was back in Cuba, Carrillo went to the Government Counsel of the Republic in Arms and on December 28, he was ordered to go to the western province, where he combated in Las Tunas and Holguin. In 1896 General Maximo Gomez instructed him to go to Las Villas in order to occupy the title of Chief of the 4th Force, which he did. Carrillo helped the expeditionaries in the fourth trip of steamboat Dauntless that landed by Rio Hondo de San Juan, in the limits of Trinidad and Cienfuegos. He was in the Combat de Paso de Las Damas, where Mayor General Serafin Sanchez died and in which Carrillo received a strong contusion in the face. On December 4 he attacked Mayajigua and from the 27 to the 30 of that month attacked Arroyo Blanco. In 1897 he fought in the combat of Las Delicias and the next year was sent by Maximo Gomez to Cayo Hueso and was also ordered to coordinate the relative actions to the intervention of the American troops in the island with the American high command. Once he accomplished his mission, he came back to Cuba and his last participation was in the War of 95 was the entrance to Mayajigua on August 21, 1898. During the Republic he occupied various political positions such as: senator of Las Villas, from 1902 to 1910; provincial mayor of Las Villas from 1913 to 1918; and vicepresident of the Republic, along with President Alfredo Zayas, from 1921 to 1925. Francisco Carrillo died in La Habana in 1926. Heavily toned and torn. Very fragile. Edges frayed. Multiple mailing folds. Paper loss on front (legible). 2-inch and 5¼-inch separations at horizontal fold, 2½-inch and ¾-inch separations at vertical fold.


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GENERAL FRANCISCO CARRILLO MORALES  


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GENERAL FRANCISCO CARRILLO MORALES
Born: October 4, 1851 in San Juan de los Remedios, Las Villas, Cuba
Died: November 11, 1926 in La Habana, Cuba





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