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GENERAL FRANCISCO CARRILLO MORALES - AUTOGRAPH LETTER SIGNED 04/01/1898 - HFSID 218061

 

FRANCISCO CARRILLO MORALES
The Cuban General and later Vice President writes a letter to his friend General Agent Luis informing him about his efforts to find Teodoro Gulmell, the important achievements of their liberal movement, the war press, the desire to make Spanish troops miserable and the great expectations of their army.
Autograph Letter Signed: "Francisco Carrillo" in iron gall ink. 9¾x8. Fully Translated in English: "Camps of Cuba, April 1, 1898. To Luis. General Agent. Very distinguished compatriot: I have two of your letters, one dated on January 25 and the interesting one from March 22, which I received on time. I am doing efforts to know the whereabouts of citizen Teodoro Gulmell in order to communicate them to you, according to your wishes. Regarding the cane you refer to in one of your first letters, I can assure you that I am satisfied with the amount burned. Very nice operations have been made in both, the first and second division: the one made by the Chief of the first one in Valle de Trinidad is extremely important. You will see details about it in the next number of 'Las Villas'. I send you numbers 20 and 21 from March of this newspaper, organ of my body, for its knowledge and circulation, as well as the little proclaims of "a soldier that thinks". I leave under your tact the decision of among who they should be propagated. The news you have communicated me lately have satisfied me: their result will be very advantageous for our cause, I don't doubt it, but even though the good state of all that, we won't rest here so Spain sees its future even darker. So I hope pretty soon I can see the complications that the enemy nation will have to face off. I guess those preparations of the American people must bring something bad but we will always be beneficial. Always write me and principally send me news of the most important events that occur. "El Diablo" already knows the communication is prompt and expeditious. So, you can inform me about all those events that occur. Since I am getting closer to the Chief General, your correspondence will interest me even more. All of us are very happy for your very good communication. The soldiers are very hopeful and happy here in the force commanded by me: the last operations made and the weakness of the enemy, that is still going, have given us a great trust to all our people. You can always count with the sympathy and consideration of your friend. Mayor General. Chief of the 4th Force. Francisco Carrillo." Francisco Carrillo Morales (1851-1926) was a Mayor General of the Cuban Liberation Army who combated in the three wars for the independence of Cuba. He was also an active collaborator of the Cuban Revolutionary Party and one of the main organizers of the War of 95 in Cuba. He survived the war and had an active political life in the Neocolonial Republic. He initiated his military career in 1869, joining the forces of Mayor General Salome Hernandez and later he marched to Camaguey with the troops of Las Villas. On May 10, 1873 in the campsite of Jimaguayu, Mayor General Ignacio Agramonte gave to the then captain Carrillo, in the eve of his fall in combat, a revolver as a stimulus for having obtained the best grades in the academy directed by him. On September 28, 1873 under the order of the new chief of Camaguey, Mayor General Maximo Gomez Baez, Carrillo had an outstanding participation in the attack to Santa Cruz del Sur and was wounded in the second Combat of Jimaguayu. He took part in the actions of La Sacra, Palo Seco and Las Guasimas. In 1874, Gomez ordered him to go to Las Villas with the rank of Commander. In Hondones he joined the then Tenant Colonel Francisco Jimenez. On September 23, along with 30 men, he attacked the Fuerte Tetuan near of Remedios. He also participated in the combats of Corojal, Hondones and Las Chacas and in the attacks to Sancti Spiritus and Remedios. On june 29, 1875 he was ascended to the rank of Tenant Colonel and was wounded in the combat of Nuevas de Jobosi. In 1877 Francisco Carrillo fought in Aguada del Tinglado and gained the title of Colonel. Once the Pacto of Zanjon was concerted on February 10, 1878, he deposed the arms on March 18 of that same year along with General Carlos Roloff. Francisco Carrillo was one of the organizers of the Guerra Chiquita (Little War) in Las Villas. On November 9, 1879 he took up arms in Remedios and in that month he held an encounter with a Spanish troop in Sabanas de Pedro Barba, near Zulueta, in which he had a personal duel with Hermann Brandeyrs, who was a Prussian official in service of Spain. During all that time, he had battles in Ingenio Viejo, Caraballo, Itabo, Juan de Vera, Pesquero and Sabanas Nuevas de Jobosi and in 1880 he was in possession of the General of Brigade rank. Francisco Carrillo went to the United States of America, where he resided for twelve years and obtained the American citizenship. After going back to Cuba in 1892, he incorporated himself in the conspiracy, becoming one of the main organizers of the Guerra Necesaria (The Necessary War) inside the island. In the morning of February 24, 1895, he was detained in Remedios and sent to the fortress of La Cabana. The government of the United States of America claimed his expatriation due to his condition of American citizen and spent there some months. Once he was back in Cuba, Carrillo went to the Government Counsel of the Republic in Arms and on December 28, he was ordered to go to the western province, where he combated in Las Tunas and Holguin. In 1896 General Maximo Gomez instructed him to go to Las Villas in order to occupy the title of Chief of the 4th Force, which he did. Carrillo helped the expeditionaries in the fourth trip of steamboat Dauntless that landed by Rio Hondo de San Juan, in the limits of Trinidad and Cienfuegos. He was in the Combat de Paso de Las Damas, where Mayor General Serafin Sanchez died and in which Carrillo received a strong contusion in the face. On December 4 he attacked Mayajigua and from the 27 to the 30 of that month attacked Arroyo Blanco. In 1897 he fought in the combat of Las Delicias and the next year was sent by Maximo Gomez to Cayo Hueso and was also ordered to coordinate the relative actions to the intervention of the American troops in the island with the American high command. Once he accomplished his mission, he came back to Cuba and his last participation was in the War of 95 was the entrance to Mayajigua on August 21, 1898. During the Republic he occupied various political positions such as: senator of Las Villas, from 1902 to 1910; provincial mayor of Las Villas from 1913 to 1918; and vicepresident of the Republic, along with President Alfredo Zayas, from 1921 to 1925. Francisco Carrillo died in La Habana in 1926. Toned and soiled. Normal worn mailing folds. 1½-inch separation at horizontal blank fold. Otherwise, fine condition.


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GENERAL FRANCISCO CARRILLO MORALES  


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GENERAL FRANCISCO CARRILLO MORALES
Born: October 4, 1851 in San Juan de los Remedios, Las Villas, Cuba
Died: November 11, 1926 in La Habana, Cuba





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