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GENERAL FRANCISCO CARRILLO MORALES - AUTOGRAPH LETTER SIGNED - HFSID 218059

 

FRANCISCO CARRILLO
The Cuban liberal General and later Vice President writes a letter to another General referring to his trip to Cienfuegos, the knowing of his secret identity, war issues as well as of war newspapers and correspondence.
Autograph Letter Signed: "Francisco Carrillo" in iron gall ink. 9¾x8. Fully Translated in English: "December 11, 1897. To the general Agent and very cherished compatriot of mine: your pleasurable letters from the past September 7 and October 19 and 26 are in my hands and to those I will refer in this letter, that I am happily writing you. Forgive my delay in replying to you, but my trip to Cienfuegos to help the last expedition that arrived there and combats held against the enemy lately, had obligated me to the delay. Your friend Olmo, who is my friend too and with whom I have been talking lately, has told me who you are, that shields from evil with the name of Luis. Since I have the pleasure to know you, I entirely sincere offer myself to you, wishing to correspond to your meritorious services in pro of our beautiful ideal. Tomorrow they will be taken in count by the Fatherland as well as those important services of your agents that we very much appreciate. I take note of the offerings you make me about anything I might need for my correspondence. Your mission is truly very important and since you notify me of your visit here, you should know that I will shake your hand with the greatest pleasure. I thank you for the news you give me in your letter dated on the 19, and I am satisfy to tell you that I will appreciate you can communicate me all other news and details that often occur in those worlds that interest us. Do not worry about the reception that we will do to those who come with propositions of any type. To the protests that you already know, I add mine, so you can make a judgment about what we all think: not even one thinks in a different way. I send you packages of the last numbers of 'Las Villas'. On those you will see the fights we have had lately. Due to confidences I know that the enemy lost a considerable number of men in the combat that had with me on the 30 of last month. Seven cadavers were left in a sepulture next to the river, too many death and injured horses and an infinity of various objects. I received along with your letter dated on the 26, the manifestos you sent me. Well written document, the hand who wrote it must be up to date of what happens with our revolution; but in 'Las Villas' you need to put it, and it is an important knowledge that the people of Cuba is directed by the Representatives that constitute the last assembly 'previously known and convened' and uninterrupted by the enemy. I see what you tell me about Mr. Leonel Enlenado, I trust on what is assured. Due to having tons of correspondence to reply to, I do not write you more. Waiting for your appreciable and well read letters, your friend tells you good bye. All yours, The Chief of the 4th Force, Mayor General. Francisco Carrillo." Francisco Carrillo (1851-1926) was a Mayor General of the Cuban Liberation Army who combated in the three wars for the independence of Cuba. He was also an active collaborator of the Cuban Revolutionary Party and one of the main organizers of the War of 95 in Cuba. He survived the war and had an active political life in the Neocolonial Republic. He initiated his military career in 1869, joining the forces of Mayor General Salome Hernandez and later he marched to Camaguey with the troops of Las Villas. On May 10, 1873 in the campsite of Jimaguayu, Mayor General Ignacio Agramonte gave to the then captain Carrillo, in the eve of his fall in combat, a revolver as a stimulus for having obtained the best grades in the academy directed by him. On September 28, 1873 under the order of the new chief of Camaguey, Mayor General Maximo Gomez Baez, Carrillo had an outstanding participation in the attack to Santa Cruz del Sur and was wounded in the second Combat of Jimaguayu. He took part in the actions of La Sacra, Palo Seco and Las Guasimas. In 1874, Gomez ordered him to go to Las Villas with the rank of Commander. In Hondones he joined the then Tenant Colonel Francisco Jimenez. On September 23, along with 30 men, he attacked the Fuerte Tetuan near of Remedios. He also participated in the combats of Corojal, Hondones and Las Chacas and in the attacks to Sancti Spiritus and Remedios. On june 29, 1875 he was ascended to the rank of Tenant Colonel and was wounded in the combat of Nuevas de Jobosi. In 1877 Francisco Carrillo fought in Aguada del Tinglado and gained the title of Colonel. Once the Pacto of Zanjon was concerted on February 10, 1878, he deposed the arms on March 18 of that same year along with General Carlos Roloff. Francisco Carrillo was one of the organizers of the Guerra Chiquita (Little War) in Las Villas. On November 9, 1879 he took up arms in Remedios and in that month he held an encounter with a Spanish troop in Sabanas de Pedro Barba, near Zulueta, in which he had a personal duel with Hermann Brandeyrs, who was a Prussian official in service of Spain. During all that time, he had battles in Ingenio Viejo, Caraballo, Itabo, Juan de Vera, Pesquero and Sabanas Nuevas de Jobosi and in 1880 he was in possession of the General of Brigade rank. Francisco Carrillo went to the United States of America, where he resided for twelve years and obtained the American citizenship. After going back to Cuba in 1892, he incorporated himself in the conspiracy, becoming one of the main organizers of the Guerra Necesaria (The Necessary War) inside the island. In the morning of February 24, 1895, he was detained in Remedios and sent to the fortress of La Cabana. The government of the United States of America claimed his expatriation due to his condition of American citizen and spent there some months. Once he was back in Cuba, Carrillo went to the Government Counsel of the Republic in Arms and on December 28, he was ordered to go to the western province, where he combated in Las Tunas and Holguin. In 1896 General Maximo Gomez instructed him to go to Las Villas in order to occupy the title of Chief of the 4th Force, which he did. Carrillo helped the expeditionaries in the fourth trip of steamboat Dauntless that landed by Rio Hondo de San Juan, in the limits of Trinidad and Cienfuegos. He was in the Combat de Paso de Las Damas, where Mayor General Serafin Sanchez died and in which Carrillo received a strong contusion in the face. On December 4 he attacked Mayajigua and from the 27 to the 30 of that month attacked Arroyo Blanco. In 1897 he fought in the combat of Las Delicias and the next year was sent by Maximo Gomez to Cayo Hueso and was also ordered to coordinate the relative actions to the intervention of the American troops in the island with the American high command. Once he accomplished his mission, he came back to Cuba and his last participation was in the War of 95 was the entrance to Mayajigua on August 21, 1898. During the Republic he occupied various political positions such as: senator of Las Villas, from 1902 to 1910; provincial mayor of Las Villas from 1913 to 1918; and vicepresident of the Republic, along with President Alfredo Zayas, from 1921 to 1925. Francisco Carrillo died in La Habana in 1926. Toned. Lightly worn and soiled. Normal mailing folds. ½-inch stain at upper blank corner. Otherwise, fine condition.


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GENERAL FRANCISCO CARRILLO MORALES  


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GENERAL FRANCISCO CARRILLO MORALES
Born: October 4, 1851 in San Juan de los Remedios, Las Villas, Cuba
Died: November 11, 1926 in La Habana, Cuba





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