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GENERAL MAXIMO GOMEZ Y BAEZ - AUTOGRAPH LETTER SIGNED 10/28 - HFSID 279525

 
MAXIMO GÓMEZ Y BÁEZ

The Dominican Major General pens a letter to the President to refer a lawyer to him and mentions the benefits of the creation of another state office, in iron gall ink

Autograph Letter Signed "M. Gomez" in iron gall ink. 1 page. 8x6. Date: October 28. In full from Spanish: “President. The lawyer I told you about is named Benites, and is an intelligent and active man. I believe the creation of an office in charge of the liquidation of the properties of the State would be very convenient. I allow myself to insist in the matter due to its utility, because it would be a business that would pay off by itself. There is no need to invest on it. Yours, your friend, M. Gomez, Oct 28.” Dominican Major General Maximo Gomez y Baez (1836-1905) was initially trained as an officer of the Spanish Army at the Zaragoza Military Academy, originally arriving in Cuba as a cavalry Captain in the Spanish Army before taking up the rebel cause in 1968. Gomez famously helped transform the Cuban Army's military tactics and strategy, teaching the guerrilla independence fighters, the Mambises, their most feared tactic: the "Machete Charge". Gomez worked odd military jobs for the next couple decades: he became involved with the independence of Puerto Rico when he sold most of his possessions to finance a revolution, even volunteering to lead troops (later deemed unnecessary when Spain intervened), as well as was promoted to General of the Cuban army, improving the military's guerrilla tactics most effective against the traditional Spanish forces. The Spanish-American War, the result of the United States interfering in the Cuban War of Independence, forced Cuba to decide if they should choose heritage over their New World partners (Spain vs. U.S.)He decided to fight solely for his adopted country's independence; he lost his most trusted officer Antonio Maceo, and his son Francisco Gomez in the war in 1896, but by 1898 Cuba had obtained independence and Gomez was offered the presidential nomination, but he refused due to his Dominican heritage. By that time his was 75 years old, having spent half his life dedicated to the liberation of Cuba, and he died in Havana in 1905./This letter could have been written to the head of the Dominican or Cuban government, as Gómez y Báez served in the militaries of both countries, both of which are headed by presidents. Gómez y Báez (1836-1905, born in Baní, Dominican Republic) served in the Dominican army against Haiti and Spain. After settling in Cuba as a farmer, he joined insurgents during the revolution of 1868-1878, becoming Commander in Chief in 1870. In 1895, in the second Cuban revolution, Gómez y Báez was General in Chief of Cuban forces. In the Spanish-American War, he placed his troops at the disposal of the U.S. Army. In 1902, he declined to be a considered for the presidency of Cuba. Fragile. Lightly toned, foxed and creased. Staple holes in bottom left corner, which touches date but not signature. Paper clip impression and rust stain in top left corner. Neatly torn from pad or notebook at top edge. Folded thrice horizontally and vertically. Otherwise, fine condition.





 



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GENERAL MAXIMO GOMEZ Y BAEZ  


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GENERAL MAXIMO GOMEZ Y BAEZ
Born: October 18, 1836 in BanĂ­, Dominican Republic
Died: June 17, 1905 in Havana, Cuba




Film Credits
1999 Crucible of Empire: The Spanish American War (in person)


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