|CAPTAIN PAUL J. WEITZ|
Born: July 25, 1932 in Erie, Pennsylvania
Paul J. Weitz (pronounced WHITES)
NASA Astronaut (Former)
PERSONAL DATA: Born in Erie, Pennsylvania, on July 25, 1932. Married
to the former Suzanne M. Berry of Harborcreek, Pennsylvania. Two children:
Matthew and Cynthia. Hunting and fishing are among his hobbies. His mother, Mrs.
Violet Futrell, now resides in Norfolk, Virginia.
EDUCATION: Graduated from Harborcreek High School in Harborcreek,
Pennsylvania; received a bachelor of science degree in aeronautical engineering
from Pennsylvania State University in 1954 and a master's degree in aeronautical
engineering from the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California, in
ORGANIZATIONS: Fellow, American Astronautical
SPECIAL HONORS: Awarded the NASA Distinguished Service Medal, the
Navy Distinguished Service Medal, Astronaut Wings, Air Medal (5 awards), and
Commendation Medal (for combat flights in Vietnam), the Los Angeles Chamber of
Commerce Kitty Hawk Award (1973), the Robert J. Collier Trophy for 1973 (1974),
the Pennsylvania State University Alumni Association's Distinguished Alumni
Award, named a Pennsylvania State University Alumni Fellow (1974), the AIAA
Haley Astronautics Award for 1974, the Federation Aeronautique Internationale's
V. M. Komarov Diploma for 1973 (1974), the Dr. Robert H. Goddard Memorial Trophy
for 1975, the 1974 Harmon International Aviation Trophy for Astronaut (1975),
NASA Space Flight Medal (1983), the 1984 Harmon International Award
EXPERIENCE: Weitz received his commission as an ensign through the
NROTC program at Pennsylvania State University. He served for one year at sea
aboard a destroyer before going to flight training and was awarded his wings in
September 1956. He served in various naval squadrons until he was selected as an
astronaut in 1966. He has logged more than 7,700 hours flying time--6,400 hours
in jet aircraft.
NASA EXPERIENCE: Mr. Weitz is one of the 19 astronauts selected by
NASA in April 1966. He served as pilot on the crew of Skylab-2 (SL-2), which
launched on May 25 and ended on June 22, 1973. SL-2 was the first manned Skylab
mission, and activated a 28-day flight. In logging 672 hours and 49 minutes
aboard the orbital workshop, the crew established what was then a new world
record for a single mission. Mr. Weitz also logged 2 hours and 11 minutes in
Mr. Weitz was spacecraft commander on the crew of STS-6, which launched from
Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on April 4, 1983. This was the maiden voyage of
the Orbiter Challenger. During the mission, the crew conducted numerous
experiments in materials processing, recorded lightning activities, deployed
IUS/TDRS-A, conducted spectacular extravehicular activity while testing a
variety of support systems and equipment in preparation for future space walks,
and also carried three "Getaway Specials." Mission duration was 120 hours before
landing Challenger on a concrete runway at Edwards Air Force Base,
California, on April 9, 1983. With the completion of this flight, Paul Weitz
logged a total of 793 hours in space.
Mr. Weitz was Deputy Director of the Johnson Space Center when he retired
from NASA service in May 1994.
COLONEL JACK LOUSMA
Born: February 29, 1936 in Grand Rapids, Michigan
Jack Robert Lousma (Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, Retired)
PERSONAL DATA: Born February 29, 1936, in Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Lousma and his wife, Gratia Kay, have been married since 1956. They have four
children and six grandchildren. He is a golfing enthusiast and enjoys hunting,
fishing, and aviation.
EDUCATION: Graduated from Ann Arbor High School in Ann Arbor,
Michigan; received a bachelor of science degree in Aeronautical Engineering from
the University of Michigan in 1959, and a master of science degree in
Aeronautical Engineering from the U. S. Naval Postgraduate School in 1965;
presented an honorary doctorate of Astronautical Science from the University of
Michigan in 1973, an honorary Doctor of Science from Hope College in 1982, and
an honorary Doctor of Science in Business Administration from Cleary College in
ORGANIZATIONS: Fellow of the American Astronautical Society; member
of the Society of the Sigma Xi, the University of Michigan "M" Club, the
Officer's Christian Fellowship, and the Association of Space
SPECIAL HONORS: Awarded the Johnson Space Center Certificate of
Commendation (1970) and the NASA Distinguished Service Medal (1973); presented
the Navy Distinguished Service Medal and the Navy Astronaut Wings (1974), the
City of Chicago Gold Medal (1974), the Robert J. Collier Trophy for 1973 (1974),
the Marine Corps Aviation Association's Exceptional Achievement Award (1974),
the Federation Aeronautique Internationale's V. M. Komarov Diploma for 1973
(1974), the Dr. Robert H. Goddard Memorial Trophy for 1975 (1975), the AIAA
Octave Chanute Award for 1975 (1975), the AAS Flight Achievement Award for 1974
(1975); inducted into the International Space Hall of Fame (1982). NASA
Distinguished Service Medal (1982), Department of Defense Distinguished Service
Medal (1982), NCAA Silver Anniversary Award (1983). Inducted into the Michigan
Aviation Hall of Fame (1988).
EXPERIENCE: Lousma was a reconnaissance pilot with VMCJ-2, 2nd
Marine Air Wing, at Cherry Point, North Carolina, before being assigned to
Houston and the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center. He became a Marine Corps officer
in 1959 and received his wings in 1960 after completing training at the U.S.
Naval Air Training Command. He was then assigned to VMA-224, 2nd Marine Air
Wing, as an attack pilot and later served with VMA-224, 1st Marine Air Wing, at
Iwakuni, Japan. He has logged 7000 hours of flight time--including 700 hours in
general aviation aircraft and 1619 hours in space, 4,500 hours in jet aircraft,
240 hours in helicopters, and 700 hours in general aviation
NASA EXPERIENCE: Lousma is one of the 19 astronauts selected by NASA
in April 1966. He served as a member of the astronaut support crews for the
Apollo 9, 10, and 13 missions. He was the pilot for Skylab-3 (July 28 to
September 25, 1973) and was spacecraft commander on STS-3 (March 22-30, 1982),
logging a total of over 1,619 hours in space. Lousma also spent 11 hours on two
spacewalks outside the Skylab space station. He also served as backup docking
module pilot of the United States flight crew for the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project
(ASTP) mission which was completed successfully in July 1975.
Jack Lousma left NASA in 1983.
SPACE FLIGHT EXPERIENCE: Skylab-3 (SL-3) (July 28 to September 25,
1973). The crew on this 59-1/2 day flight included Alan L. Bean (spacecraft
commander), Jack Lousma (pilot), and Owen K. Garriott (science-pilot). SL-3
accomplished 150% of mission goals while completing 858 revolutions of the earth
and traveling some 24,400,000 miles in earth orbit. The crew installed six
replacement rate gyros used for attitude control of the spacecraft and a
twin-pole sun-shade used for thermal control, and they repaired nine major
experiment or operational equipment items. They devoted 305 man hours to
extensive solar observations from above the earth's atmosphere, which included
viewing two major solar flares and numerous smaller flares and coronal
transients. Also acquired and returned to earth were 16,000 photographs and 18
miles of magnetic tape documenting earth resources observations. The crew
completed 333 medical experiment performances and obtained valuable data on the
effects of extended weightlessness on humans. Skylab-3 ended with a Pacific
Ocean splashdown and recovery by the USS NEW ORLEANS.
STS-3, the third orbital test flight of space shuttle Columbia,
launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on March 22, 1982, into a
180-mile circular orbit above the earth. Jack Lousma was the spacecraft
commander and C. Gordon Fullerton was the pilot on this 8-day mission. Major
flight test objectives included exposing the Columbia to extremes in
thermal stress and the first use of the 50-foot remote manipulator system (RMS)
to grapple and maneuver a payload in space. The crew also operated several
scientific experiments in the orbiter's cabin and on the OSS-1 pallet in the
payload bay. Space Shuttle Columbia responded favorably to the thermal
tests and was found to be better than expected as a scientific platform. The
crew accomplished almost 100% of the objectives assigned to STS-3, and after a
1-day delay due to bad weather, landed on the lakebed at White Sands, New
Mexico, on March 30,1982, having traveled 3.4 million miles during 129.9 orbits
of the earth. Mission duration was 192 hours, 4 minutes, 49
2011 iN Deep (in person), 2009 NASA: Triumph and Tragedy (in person)
CAPTAIN JOSEPH KERWIN
Born: February 19, 1932 in Oak Park, Illinois
Joseph P. Kerwin, M.D. (Captain, Marine Corps, U.S. Navy, Retired)
PERSONAL DATA: Born February 19, 1932, in Oak Park, Illinois.
Married to the former Shirley Ann Good of Danville, Pennsylvania. They have
three daughters, and three grandchildren. His hobbies are reading and classical
EDUCATION: Graduated from Fenwick High School, Oak Park, Illinois,
in 1949; received a bachelor of arts degree in Philosophy from College of the
Holy Cross, Worcester, Massachusetts, in 1953; a doctor of Medicine degree from
Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, Illinois, in 1957; completed
internship at the District of Columbia General Hospital in Washington,
D.C.; and attended the U.S. Navy School of Aviation Medicine at Pensacola,
Florida, being designated a naval flight surgeon in December 1958.
ORGANIZATIONS: Fellow of the Aerospace Medical Association; member
of the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association.
EXPERIENCE: Kerwin, a Captain, has been in the Navy Medical Corps
since July 1958. He earned his wings at Beeville, Texas, in 1962.
He has logged 4,500 hours flying time.
NASA EXPERIENCE: Captain Kerwin was selected as a
scientist-astronaut by NASA in June 1965.
Kerwin served as science-pilot for the Skylab 2 (SL-2) mission which launched
on May 25 and terminated on June 22, 1973. With him for the initial activation
and 28-day flight qualification operations of the Skylab orbital workshop were
Charles Conrad, Jr., (spacecraft commander) and Paul J. Weitz (pilot).
Kerwin was subsequently in charge of the on-orbit branch of the Astronaut
Office, where he coordinated astronaut activity involving rendezvous, satellite
deployment and retrieval, and other Shuttle payload operations.
From 1982-1983, Kerwin served as the National Aeronautics and Space
Administration's senior science representative in Australia. In this capacity,
he served as liaison between NASA's Office of Space Tracking and Data Systems
and Australia's Department of Science and Technology.
From 1984-1987, he served as Director, Space and Life Sciences, Johnson Space
Center. Kerwin was responsible for direction and coordination of medical support
to operational manned spacecraft programs, including health care and maintenance
of the astronauts and their families; for direction of life services, supporting
research and light experiment project; and for managing JSC earth sciences and
scientific efforts in lunar and planetary research.
He retired from the Navy, left NASA and joined Lockheed in 1987.
At Lockheed he managed the Extravehicular Systems Project, providing hardware
for Space Station Freedom, from 1988 to 1990; with two other Lockheed employees
he invented the Simplified Aid for EVA Rescue (SAFER), recently tested for use
by space walking astronauts on the International Space Station (ISS). He then
served on the Assured Crew Return Vehicle team, and served as Study Manager on
the Human Transportation Study, a NASA review of future space transportation
architectures. In 1994-95 he led the Houston liaison group for Lockheed Martin's
FGB contract, the procurement of the Russian "space tug" which has become the
first element of the ISS. He served on the NASA Advisory Council from 1990 to
He joined Systems Research Laboratories (SRL) in June, 1996, to serve as
Program Manager of the SRL team which bid to win the Medical Support and
Integration Contract at the Johnson Space Center. The incumbent, KRUG Life
Sciences, was selected. Then, to his surprise, KRUG recruited him to replace its
retiring President, T. Wayne Holt. He joined KRUG on April 1, 1997.
On March 16, 1998, KRUG Life Sciences became the Life Sciences Special
Business Unit of Wyle Laboratories of El Segundo, California.
In addition to his duties at Wyle, he serves on the Board of Directors of the
National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI) as an Industry
COLONEL GERALD P. CARR
Born: August 22, 1932 in Denver, Colorado
GERALD P. CARR (Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, Retired)
NASA ASTRONAUT (Former)
PERSONAL DATA: Born in Denver, Colorado, on
August 22, 1932, but raised in Santa Ana, California, which he considers his
hometown. Divorced. Remarried in 1979 to Dr. Patricia L. Musick. Three daughters
and three sons. Recreational interests include snorkeling, swimming, bird
hunting, fishing and woodworking.
EDUCATION: Graduated from Santa Ana High School,
Santa Ana, California; received a Bachelor of Engineering degree in Mechanical
Engineering from the University of Southern California in 1954, A Bachelor of
Science in Aeronautical Engineering from the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School in
1961, and a Master of Science degree in Aeronautical Engineering from Princeton
University in 1962; also presented an Honorary Doctorate of Science,
Aeronautical Engineering, from Parks College of Saint Louis University, Cahokia,
Illinois, in 1976.
ORGANIZATIONS: Fellow of the American
Astronautical Society; a former Director of the Sunsat Energy Council; a former
Director of the Houston POPS Orchestra; a Director of the National Space
Society; the Marine Corps Association and the Marine Corps Aviation Association;
The Naval Aviation Museum Foundation; Society of Experimental Test Pilots; The
Order of Daedalians; National Society of Professional Engineers; University of
Southern California Alumni Association, and Tau Kappa Epsilon
SPECIAL HONORS: Awarded the National Defense
Service Medal; Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal; Marine Corps Expeditionary
Medal, and a letter of Commendation from the Commander of Carrier Division II;
received the NASA Group Achievement Award, 1971; NASA Distinguished Service
Medal, 1974; Navy Distinguished Service Medal and the Navy Astronaut Wings;
1974; City of Chicago Gold Medal, 1974; University of Southern California Alumni
Merit Award, 1974; Boy Scouts of America Distinguished Eagle Scout Award, 1974;
Robert J. Collier Trophy for 1973, in 1974; City of New York Gold Medal, 1974;
Marine corps Aviation Association's Exceptional Achievement Award, 1974; Dr.
Robert H. Goddard Memorial Trophy, 1975; also recipient of the Federation
Aeronautique Internationale's Gold Space Medal; De La Vaulx Medal, and V. M.
Komarov Diploma for 1974; AIAA Haley Astronautics Award for 1974; and the
American Astronautical Society's 1975 Flight Achievement Award. Inducted into
the Astronaut Hall of Fame, 1997.
EXPERIENCE: When informed by NASA of his
selection for astronaut training, he was assigned to the test directors section
of Marine Air Control Squadron Three, a unit responsible for the testing and
evaluation of the Marine Tactical Data System.
Carr began his military career in 1949 with the Navy,
and in 1950 he was appointed a midshipman (NROTC) and enrolled in the University
of Southern California. Upon graduation in 1954, he received his commission and
subsequently reported to the U.S. Marine Corps Officers' Basic School at
Quantico, Virginia. He received flight training at Pensacola, Florida, and
Kingsville, Texas, and was then assigned to Marine All-Weather-Fighter-Squadron
114 where he gained experience in the F-9 and the F-6A Skyray. After
postgraduate training, he served with Marine All-Weather-Fighter-Squadron 122,
from 1962 to 1965, piloting the F-8 Crusader in the United States and the Far
East. Other aircraft he has flown include the F-4, T-1, T-28, T-33, T-38, H-13,
and ground effect machines.
He has logged more than 8,000 flying hours, 5,365 hours
of which are jet time.
NASA EXPERIENCE: Colonel Carr was one of the 19
astronauts selected by NASA in April 1966. He served as a member of the
astronaut support crews and as CAPCOM for the Apollo 8 and 12 flights, and was
involved in the development and testing of the lunar roving vehicle which was
used on the lunar surface by Apollo flight crews.
Carr was commander of Skylab 4 (third and final manned
visit to the Skylab Orbital Workshop) launched November 16, 1973, and concluded
February 8, 1974. This was the longest manned flight (84 days, 1 hour,
15minutes) in the history of manned space exploration to date. He was
accompanied on the record-setting 34.5-million-mile flight by Dr. Edward G.
Gibson (science pilot) and William R. Pogue (pilot). The crew successfully
completed 56 experiments, 26 science demonstrations, 15 subsystem-detailed
objectives, and 13 student investigations during their 1,214 revolutions of the
earth. They also acquired extensive earth resources observation data using
hand-held cameras and Skylab's Earth Resources Experiment Package camera and
sensor array. They logged 338 hours of operations of the Apollo Telescope Mount,
which made extensive observations of the sun's solar processes.
From February 1974 until March 1978, Colonel Carr and
his Skylab 4 teammates shared the world record for individual time in space:
2,017 hours 15 minutes 32 seconds, and Carr logged 15 hours and 48 minutes in
three EVAs outside the Orbital Workshop.
In mid-1977 Carr was named head of the design support
group, within the astronaut office, responsible for providing crew support to
such activities as space transportation system design, simulations, testing, and
safety assessment, and for development of man/machine interface
Carr retired from the United States Marine Corps in
September of 1975 and from NASA in June of 1977.
BUSINESS: From 1977 until 1981 Carr was a Senior
Vice President with Bovay Engineers, Inc., a Houston Consulting Engineering
He was a Senior Consultant on Special Staff to the
President of Applied Research, Inc., Los Angeles, California, from 1981 to 1983.
From 1983 until 1985 Carr was manager of the University of Texas 300-inch
Carr founded CAMUS, Incorporated in 1984. The
Family-owned Corporation provides technical support services in Zero-G Human
Factors Engineering, Procedures Development, Operations Analysis, Training and
Systems Integration. CAMUS was a major contributor as a technical support
subcontractor to the Boeing Company in the crew systems design of the
International Space Station. In addition, the corporation is involved in fine
art production designed by his wife, Artist/Sculptor Pat
COLONEL WILLIAM R. POGUE
Born: January 23, 1930 in Okemah, Oklahoma
Died: March 4, 2014 in Cocoa Beach, Florida
William Reid Pogue, Colonel, U.S. Air Force (Retired)
PERSONAL DATA: Born January 23, 1930, in
Okemah, Oklahoma, and is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Alex W. Pogue who live in Sand
Springs, Oklahoma. Married. Three children. He enjoys running and playing
paddleball and handball, and his hobbies are gardening and cabinet
EDUCATION: Attended primary and secondary
schools in Oklahoma; received a bachelor of science degree in Education from
Oklahoma Baptist University in 1951 and a Master of Science degree in
Mathematics from Oklahoma State University in 1960; awarded an honorary
doctorate of science degree from Oklahoma Baptist University in 1974.
ORGANIZATIONS: Member of the Air Force
Association Explorers Club, American Astronautical Society, and Association of
SPECIAL HONORS: Awarded the NASA Distinguished
Service Medal (1974) and JSC Superior Achievement Award (1970); winner of the
Air Medal, Air Force Commendation Medal, the National Defense Service Medal, and
an Outstanding Unit Citation (while a member of the USAF Thunderbirds); the Air
Force Distinguished Service Medal and Command Pilot Astronaut Wings (1974);
presented the City of Chicago Gold Medal (1974); the Robert J. Collier Trophy
for 1973 (1974); the City of New York gold Medal (1974); the Dr. Robert H.
Goddard Memorial Trophy for 1975 (1975); the Federation Aeronautique
Internationale's De La Vaulx Medal and V. M. Komarov Diploma for 1974 (1975);
the General Thomas D. White USAF Space Trophy for 1974 (1975); Fellow of the
Academy of Arts and Sciences of Oklahoma State University (1975); AIAA Haley
Astronautics Award for 1974 (1975); the American Astronautical Society's 1975
Flight Achievement Award (1976). Inductee 5 Civilized Tribes Hall of Fame
(1975), and Oklahoma Aviation and Space Hall of Fame (1980) Clarence E. Page
Memorial Trophy - Oklahoma Aviation and Space Museum (1989).
EXPERIENCE: Pogue, retired Air Force Colonel,
came to the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center from an assignment at Edwards Air
Force Base, California, where he had been an instructor at the Air Force
Aerospace Research Pilot School since October 1965.
He enlisted in the Air Force in 1951 and received his commission in 1952.
While serving with the Fifth Air Force during the Korean conflict, from 1953 to
1954, he completed a combat tour in fighter bombers. From 1955 to 1957, he was a
member of the USAF Thunderbirds.
He has gained proficiency in more than 50 types and models of American and
British aircraft and is qualified as a civilian flight instructor. Pogue served
in the mathematics department as an assistant professor at the USAF Academy in
Colorado Springs, Colorado, from 1960 to 1963. In September 1965, he completed a
two-year tour as test pilot with the British Ministry of Aviation under the
USAF/RAF Exchange Program, after graduating from the Empire Test Pilot's School
in Farnborough, England.
He has logged 7,200 hours flight time--including 4,200 hours in jet aircraft
and 2,017 hours in space flight.
NASA EXPERIENCE: Colonel Pogue is one of the 19
Astronauts selected by NASA in April 1966. He served as a member of the
astronaut support crews for the Apollo 7, 11, and 14 missions.
Pogue was pilot of Skylab 4 (third and final manned visit to the Skylab
orbital workshop), launched November 16, 1973, and concluded February 8, 1974.
This was the longest manned flight (84 days, 1 hour and 15 minutes) in the
history of manned space exploration to date. Pogue was accompanied on the record
setting 34.5-million-mile flight by Gerald P. Carr (commander) and Dr. Edward G.
Gibson (science-pilot). They successfully completed 56 experiments, 26 science
demonstrations, 15 subsystem detailed objectives, and 13 student investigations
during their 1,214 revolutions of the earth.
They also acquired extensive earth resources observations data using Skylab's
earth resources experiment package camera and sensor array and logged 338 hours
of operations of the Apollo Telescope Mount which made extensive observations of
the sun's solar processes. Logged 13 hours and 31 minutes in two EVA's outside
the orbital workshop.
Pogue retired from the United States Air Force on September 1, 1975, and he
is now retired from NASA.
Pogue is self-employed as a consultant to aerospace and producer of general
viewer videos on space flight.
2008 When We Left Earth: The NASA Missions (Other), 1994 We're Go for Launch to Zero-g (in person)
CAPTAIN ALAN L. BEAN
Born: March 15, 1932 in Wheeler, Texas
Alan Bean (Captain, U.S. Navy, Retired)
NASA Astronaut (Former)
PERSONAL DATA: Born in Wheeler, Texas, on March
15, 1932. Married. Two grown children, a son and a daughter.
EDUCATION: Graduated from Paschal High School
in Fort Worth, Texas; received a bachelor of science degree in aeronautical
engineering from the University of Texas in 1955; awarded an honorary doctorate
of science from Texas Wesleyan College in 1972; presented an honorary doctorate
of engineering science degree from the University of Akron (Ohio) in
ORGANIZATIONS: Fellow of the American
Astronautical Society; member of the Society of Experimental Test
SPECIAL HONORS: Helped establish 11 world
records in space and astronautics; awarded two NASA distinguished Service
Medals, the Navy Astronaut Wings and two Navy Distinguished Service Medals;
recipient of the Rear Admiral William S. Parsons Award for Scientific and
Technical Progress, the University of Texas Distinguished Alumnus Award and
Distinguished Engineering Graduate Award, the Godfrey L. Cabot Award, the
National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences Trustees Award, the Texas Press
Associations Man of the Year Award for 1969, the City of Chicago Gold Medal, the
Robert J. Collier Trophy for 1973, the Federation Aeronautique Internationales
Yuri Gagarin Gold Medal for 1973 and the V.M. Komarov Diploma for 1973 (1974),
the Dr. Robert H. Goddard Memorial Trophy for 1975 (1975), the AIAA Octave
Chanute Award for 1975 (1975), the AAS Flight Achievement Award for 1974
EXPERIENCE: Alan Bean, a Navy ROTC Student at
Texas, was commissioned upon graduation in 1955. After completing flight
training, he was assigned to a jet attack squadron in Jacksonville, Florida.
After a four-year tour of duty, he attended the Navy Test Pilot School, then
flew as a test pilot on several types of naval aircraft.
NASA EXPERIENCE: Alan Bean was one of the third
group of astronauts named by NASA in October 1963. He served as backup astronaut
for the Gemini 10 and Apollo 9 missions.
Captain Bean was lunar module pilot on Apollo 12, mans
second lunar landing. In November 1969, Captain Bean and Captain Pete Conrad
landed in the moons Ocean of Stormsafter a flight of some 250,000 miles. They
explored the lunar surface, deployed several lunar surface experiments, and
installed the first nuclear power generator station on the moon to provide the
power source. Captain Richard Gordon remained in lunar orbit photographing
landing sites for future missions.
Captain Bean was spacecraft commander of Skylab Mission
II (SL-3), July 29 to September 25, 1973. With him on the 59-day, 24,400,000
mile world record setting flight were scientist-astronaut Dr. Owen K. Garriott
and Marine Corps Lieutenant Colonel Jack R. Lousma. Mission II accomplished 150%
of its pre-mission forecast goals.
On his next assignment, Captain Bean was backup
spacecraft commander of the United States flight crew for the joint
American-Russian Apollo-Soyuz Test Project.
Captain Bean has logged 1,671 hours and 45 minutes in
spaceof which 10 hours and 26 minutes were spent in EVAs on the moon and in
earth orbit. Captain Bean has flown 27 types of military aircraft as well as
many civilian airplanes. He has logged more than 7,145 hours flying
timeincluding 4,890 hours in jet aircraft. Captain Bean retired from the Navy in
October 1975 but continued as head of the Astronaut Candidate Operations and
Training Group within the Astronaut Office in a civilian capacity.
Bean resigned from NASA in June 1981 to devote his full
time to painting. He said his decision was based on the fact that, in his 18
years as an astronaut, he was fortunate enough to visit worlds and see sights no
artists eye, past or present, has ever viewed firsthand and he hopes to express
these experiences through the medium of art. He is pursuing this dream at his
home and studio in Houston.
OWEN K. GARRIOTT
Born: November 22, 1930 in Enid, Oklahoma
Owen K. Garriott (Ph.D.)
NASA Astronaut (Former)
PERSONAL DATA: Born November 22, 1930 in Enid, Oklahoma.
EDUCATION: Graduated from Enid High School in 1948; received a B.S.
in Electrical Engineering from the University of Oklahoma in 1953 and a M.S. and
Ph.D from Stanford University in Electrical Engineering in 1957 and 1960,
respectively. Completed one year U.S. Air Force Pilot Training Program (1966),
receiving qualification as pilot in jet aircraft.
ORGANIZATIONS: American Astronautical Society (Fellow), American
Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (Associate Fellow), Institute of
Electrical and Electronic Engineers, American Geophysical Union, American
Association for the Advancement of Science, Association of Space Explorers
(Board of Directors), Astronaut Scholarship Foundation (Vice President and Vice
SPECIAL HONORS: National Science Foundation Fellowship, 1960-61;
Honorary Doctorate of Science, Phillips University (Enid, OK), 1973; NASA
Distinguished Service Medal, 1973; Collier Trophy for 1973; Federation
Aeronautique International, Komarov Diploma for 1973; Goddard Memorial Trophy
for 1975; NASA Space Flight Medal, 1983; and additional awards related to his
space flights, including the Oklahoma Hall of Fame (1980), Oklahoma Air and
Space Hall of Fame (1980), the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame (1997), the Oklahoma
Military Hall of Fame (2000) and Enid Public Schools Hall of Fame
EXPERIENCE: Served as electronics officer on active duty in the U.S.
Navy from 1953 to 1956. From 1961 through 1965 he was an Assistant Professor,
then Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering at Stanford
University. He performed research and led graduate studies in ionospheric
physics after obtaining his doctorate and authored or co-authored more than 45
scientific papers, chapters and one book, principally in areas of the physical
In 1965 he was one of the first six Scientist-Astronauts selected by NASA.
His first space flight aboard Skylab in 1973 set a new world record for duration
of approximately 60 days, more than double the previous record. Extensive
experimental studies of our sun, of earth resources and in various life sciences
relating to human adaptation to weightlessness were made.
His second space flight was aboard Spacelab-1 in 1983, a multidisciplinary
and international mission of 10 days. Over 70 separate experiments in six
different disciplines were conducted, primarily to demonstrate the suitability
of Spacelab for research in all these areas. He operated the world's first
Amateur Radio Station from space, W5LFL, which has since expanded into an
important activity on dozens of Shuttle flights, Space Station MIR and now the
International Space Station, with scores of astronauts and cosmonauts
Between these missions, he received a NASA fellowship for one year's study at
Stanford (1975-76) and held the posts of Deputy, Acting and Director of Science
and Applications at Johnson Space Center, (1974-75, 76-78). In the latter post
he was responsible for all research in the physical sciences at the Johnson
Space Center. From 1984 to 1986, he held the position of Project Scientist in
the Space Station Project Office. In this position he worked closely with the
external scientific communities and advised the Project Manager concerning the
scientific suitability of the Space Station design.
After leaving NASA in June, 1986, he consulted for various aerospace
companies and served as a member of several NASA and National Research Council
From January 1988 until May 1993, he was Vice President of Space Programs at
Teledyne Brown Engineering. This Division, which grew to over 1,000 people,
provided payload integration for all Spacelab projects at the Marshall Space
Flight Center and had a substantial role in the development of the U.S.
Laboratory for the International Space Station.
He has devoted additional time to several charitable activities in his home
town, including the Enid (OK) Arts and Sciences Foundation of which he was a
co-Founder in 1992. More recently, he has accepted a position as Adjunct
Professor in the Laboratory for Structural Biology at the University of Alabama
in Huntsville (UAH) and has participated in research activities there involving
new microbes he has returned from extreme environments such as very alkaline
lakes and deep sea hydrothermal vents. Hyperthermophiles were returned from
several dives in Russian MIR submersibles to the Rainbow Vents at a depth of
2,300 meters near the Azores in the Atlantic Ocean. Other research activities
included three trips to Antarctica from which 20 meteorites were returned for