Born: May 19, 1948 in Paris, France
Born 19 May 1948 in Paris, France, three children. Enjoys flying all types of
aircraft (sea planes, WW2 fighter planes, helicopters), golf, funboard, playing
saxophone and reading.
In 1971, he graduated as an engineer from the French Air Force Academy at
Salon-de-Provence and qualified as a fighter pilot at Tours in 1973. In 1981 he
graduated from the Empire Test Pilots School (ETPS) at Boscombe Down, England,
where he won the "Hawker Hunter" and "Patuxent shield" awards. He studied
astrophysics at the University of Orsay, France, from 1986 to 1987.
Jean-Pierre HaignerÃ© is "corresponding member" of the AcadÃ©mie de l'Air et
de l'Espace and Chairman of the space committee at the AÃ©roclub de
Jean-Pierre HaignerÃ© is "Commandeur de la LÃ©gion d'Honneur", "Chevalier de
l'Ordre National du MÃ©rite" and holds the "MÃ©daille de l'AÃ©ronautique". He
holds the Russian "Order of Friendship" and the Russian "Medal for Personal
Courage", awarded by President Yeltsin. He was awarded the "Grand Prix de
l'AcadÃ©mie de LutÃ¨ce" in 1994. In March 2000, he was awarded the "MÃ©daille
d'or de l'AÃ©roclub de France".
From 1973 until 1980, Jean-Pierre HaignerÃ© was a fighter pilot, then
Squadron Leader on Mirage 5 and Mirage IIIE aircraft. He was posted to the
Bretigny-sur-Orge Flight Test Centre in 1981 as the project test pilot for the
Mirage 2000N aircraft and was appointed Chief Test Pilot in 1983.
He has logged 5500 hours flying on 105 different types of aircraft, including
1800 hours of test flight time. He holds a commission as GÃ©nÃ©ral in the French
Air Force. He also holds current test pilot and air transport professional
licenses, Airbus A300 and A320 qualifications, helicopter private license,
mountain and seaplane rating.
Jean-Pierre HaignerÃ© was selected as an astronaut by the French National
Space Agency (CNES) in September 1985. From 1986 to 1989 he headed the Manned
Flight Division of the Hermes and Manned Flight Directorate, and took part in
preliminary studies for the Hermes spaceplane. He also developed and fine-tuned
the Zero G Caravelle programme (parabolic flights), subsequently becoming
technical and operational officer-in-charge.
From December 1990 Jean-Pierre HaignerÃ© underwent training at Star City,
near Moscow, as a back-up crewmember for the French-Russian Antares spaceflight.
He was selected as prime crew for the AltaÃ¯r mission in 1992, undergoing seven
month training for a 21-day mission on board the Mir space station, which
successfully took place from 1 to 22 July 1993.
In 1995 and 1996, he was involved at the Kaliningrad Russian Space Control
Centre in the operational aspects of the ESA Euromir 95 and French CassiopÃ©e
manned spaceflights. He then returned to France where he was in charge, as test
pilot, of flight assessment of the new Airbus Zero-G aircraft.
From 1997 till end of June 1998 Jean-Pierre HaignerÃ© trained at Star City
for the 6th French-Russian "Pegase" spaceflight.
In June 1998, Jean-Pierre HaignerÃ© joined ESA's European astronaut corps,
whose homebase is ESA's European Astronaut Centre in Cologne, Germany.
On 20 February 1999 the Soyuz TM29 was launched with HaignerÃ© and his crew
to the MIR station for the Perseus mission. He performed a six-months mission
with Viktor Afanasyev and Sergej Avdeyev. They left MIR uninhabited in a
stand-by mode and landed in Kazakhstan on 28 August 1999.
In November 1999 he was assigned Head of the Astronaut Division at the
European Astronaut Centre (EAC), Cologne.
21-day French-Russian mission (called AltaÃ¯r) to the MIR Space Station
(1â€"22 July 1993).
On 20 February 1999, Haignere was the first non-Russian to be launched as
Soyuz on-board engineer to the Russian MIR Space Station on a mission called
Perseus. The experimental programme comprised the continuation of former
French experiments from CassiopÃ©e and Pegase missions, and new
experiments from France, Germany and ESA in the field of life science, physics
During his flight, HaignerÃ© also carried out a spacewalk (EVA) to perform
biological and comet dust experiments outside MIR. HaignerÃ© also worked as
on-board engineer for the MIR Space Station. Perseus was a long-duration
flight of nearly 189 days. The landing took place on 28 August 1999. It is the
longest flight ever performed by a non-Russian astronaut.
As senior advisor to the ESA Director of Launchers, Jean-Pierre HaignerÃ© is
currently in charge of studying all aspects for a Soyuz human spaceflight
programme from Europe's spaceport in French Guiana.