|JOHN B. CONNALLY JR.|
Born: February 27, 1917 in Floresville, Texas
Died: June 15, 1993 in Houston, Texas
CAPTAIN ALAN L. BEAN
Born: March 15, 1932 in Wheeler, Texas
Alan Bean (Captain, U.S. Navy, Retired)
NASA Astronaut (Former)
PERSONAL DATA: Born in Wheeler, Texas, on March
15, 1932. Married. Two grown children, a son and a daughter.
EDUCATION: Graduated from Paschal High School
in Fort Worth, Texas; received a bachelor of science degree in aeronautical
engineering from the University of Texas in 1955; awarded an honorary doctorate
of science from Texas Wesleyan College in 1972; presented an honorary doctorate
of engineering science degree from the University of Akron (Ohio) in
ORGANIZATIONS: Fellow of the American
Astronautical Society; member of the Society of Experimental Test
SPECIAL HONORS: Helped establish 11 world
records in space and astronautics; awarded two NASA distinguished Service
Medals, the Navy Astronaut Wings and two Navy Distinguished Service Medals;
recipient of the Rear Admiral William S. Parsons Award for Scientific and
Technical Progress, the University of Texas Distinguished Alumnus Award and
Distinguished Engineering Graduate Award, the Godfrey L. Cabot Award, the
National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences Trustees Award, the Texas Press
Associations Man of the Year Award for 1969, the City of Chicago Gold Medal, the
Robert J. Collier Trophy for 1973, the Federation Aeronautique Internationales
Yuri Gagarin Gold Medal for 1973 and the V.M. Komarov Diploma for 1973 (1974),
the Dr. Robert H. Goddard Memorial Trophy for 1975 (1975), the AIAA Octave
Chanute Award for 1975 (1975), the AAS Flight Achievement Award for 1974
EXPERIENCE: Alan Bean, a Navy ROTC Student at
Texas, was commissioned upon graduation in 1955. After completing flight
training, he was assigned to a jet attack squadron in Jacksonville, Florida.
After a four-year tour of duty, he attended the Navy Test Pilot School, then
flew as a test pilot on several types of naval aircraft.
NASA EXPERIENCE: Alan Bean was one of the third
group of astronauts named by NASA in October 1963. He served as backup astronaut
for the Gemini 10 and Apollo 9 missions.
Captain Bean was lunar module pilot on Apollo 12, mans
second lunar landing. In November 1969, Captain Bean and Captain Pete Conrad
landed in the moons Ocean of Stormsafter a flight of some 250,000 miles. They
explored the lunar surface, deployed several lunar surface experiments, and
installed the first nuclear power generator station on the moon to provide the
power source. Captain Richard Gordon remained in lunar orbit photographing
landing sites for future missions.
Captain Bean was spacecraft commander of Skylab Mission
II (SL-3), July 29 to September 25, 1973. With him on the 59-day, 24,400,000
mile world record setting flight were scientist-astronaut Dr. Owen K. Garriott
and Marine Corps Lieutenant Colonel Jack R. Lousma. Mission II accomplished 150%
of its pre-mission forecast goals.
On his next assignment, Captain Bean was backup
spacecraft commander of the United States flight crew for the joint
American-Russian Apollo-Soyuz Test Project.
Captain Bean has logged 1,671 hours and 45 minutes in
spaceof which 10 hours and 26 minutes were spent in EVAs on the moon and in
earth orbit. Captain Bean has flown 27 types of military aircraft as well as
many civilian airplanes. He has logged more than 7,145 hours flying
timeincluding 4,890 hours in jet aircraft. Captain Bean retired from the Navy in
October 1975 but continued as head of the Astronaut Candidate Operations and
Training Group within the Astronaut Office in a civilian capacity.
Bean resigned from NASA in June 1981 to devote his full
time to painting. He said his decision was based on the fact that, in his 18
years as an astronaut, he was fortunate enough to visit worlds and see sights no
artists eye, past or present, has ever viewed firsthand and he hopes to express
these experiences through the medium of art. He is pursuing this dream at his
home and studio in Houston.
2014 The Last Man on the Moon (in person), 2012 Lunarcy! (in person), 2010 The Colbert Report (in person), 2010 Moonbug (in person), 2009 The Apollo Years (in person), 2009 James May on the Moon (in person), 2009 Apollo Zero (in person), 2008 When We Left Earth: The NASA Missions (in person), 2007 The Wonder of It All (in person), 2007 The Wonder of It All (Other), 2007 The Late Late Show with Craig Ferguson (in person), 2007 Secrets of the Moon Landings (in person), 2007 In the Shadow of the Moon (in person), 2006 Carrier (Performer), 2003 Failure Is Not an Option (in person), 2002 Rocket Science (in person), 2002 Alan Bean: Artist, Explorer, Moonwalker (in person), 2002 Alan Bean: Artist, Explorer, Moonwalker (Writer), 2000 What Happened on the Moon - An Investigation Into Apollo (Other), 2000 Rocket's Red Glare (in person), 1997 Was It Only a Paper Moon (Other), 1996 The Adventures of Mary-Kate & Ashley: The Case of the U.S. Space (in person), 1994 CBS This Morning (in person), 1990 The Other Side of the Moon (in person), 1989 For All Mankind (in person)
COLONEL JAMES B. IRWIN
Born: March 17, 1930 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Died: August 8, 1991 in Colorado Springs, Colorado
James Irwin (Colonel, U.S. Air Force, Retired)
NASA Astronaut (Deceased)
PERSONAL DATA: Born March 17, 1930, in
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Died August 8, 1991 of a heart attack. He is survived
by his wife Mary Ellen and their five children.
EDUCATION: Graduated from East High School,
Salt Lake City, Utah. He received a Bachelor of Science degree in Naval Science
from the United States Naval Academy in 1951 and Master of Science degrees in
Aeronautical Engineering and Instrumentation Engineering from the University of
Michigan in 1957. Awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Astronautical Science from
the University of Michigan in 1971, an Honorary Doctorate of Science from
William Jewell College in 1971, and an Honorary Doctorate from Samford
University in Birmingham, Alabama, in 1972.
ORGANIZATIONS: Member of the Air Force
Association and the Society of Experimental Test Pilots.
SPECIAL HONORS: Recipient of the NASA
Distinguished Service Medal, the Air Force Distinguished Service Medal and
Command Pilot Astronaut Wings, two Air Force Commendation Medals for service
with the Air Force Systems Command and the Air Defense Command, and an
Outstanding Unit Citation while a member of the 4750th Training Wing; also
awarded the City of New York Gold Medal (1971), the United Nations Peace Medal
in 1971, the City of Chicago Gold Medal (1971), the Air Force Association's
David C. Schilling Trophy (1971), the 1971 Kitty Hawk Memorial Award, the AIAA
Haley Astronautics Award for 1972, the Arnold Air Society's 1972 John F. Kennedy
Trophy, the Robert J. Collier Trophy for 1971, Belgium's Order of Leopold
(1971), and the New York Police Department St. George Association's Golden Rule
Award in 1972, the christian Service Award, and the Milan Hulbert Trophy of SWAP
EXPERIENCE: Irwin, an Air Force Colonel, was
commissioned in the Air Force upon graduation from the Naval Academy in 1951. He
received his flight training at Hondo Air Base and Reese Air Force Base,
Prior to reporting for duty at the Manned Spacecraft
Center, he was assigned as Chief of the Advanced Requirements Branch at
Headquarters Air Defense Command. He was graduated from the Air Force Aerospace
Research Pilot School in 1963 and from the Air Force Experimental Test Pilot
School in 1961.
He also served with the F-12 Test Force at Edwards Air
Force Base, California, and with the AIM 47 Project Office at Wright-Patterson
Air Force Base, Ohio.
During his military career, he accumulated more than
7,015 hours flying time, 5,300 hours in jet aircraft.
NASA EXPERIENCE: Colonel Irwin was one of the
19 astronauts selected by NASA in April 1966. He was crew commander of lunar
module (LTA-8)-this vehicle finished the first series of thermal vacuum tests on
June 1, 1968. He also served as a member of the astronaut support crew for
Apollo 10 and as backup lunar module pilot for the Apollo 12 flight.
Irwin served as lunar module pilot for Apollo, July 26 to August 7, 1971. His
companions on the flight were David R. Scott, spacecraft commander and Alfred M.
Worden, command module pilot. Apollo 15 was the fourth manned lunar landing
mission and the first to visit and explore the moon's Hadley Rille and Apennine
Mountains which are located on the southeast edge of the Mare Imbrium (Sea of
Rains). The lunar module, "Falcon", remained on the lunar surface for 66 hours,
54 minutes-setting a new record for lunar surface stay time-and Scott and Irwin
logged 18 hours and 35 minutes each in extravehicular activities conducted
during three separate excursions onto the lunar surface. Using "Rover-l" to
transport themselves and their equipment along portions of Hadley Rille and the
Apinnine Mountains, Scott and Irwin performed a selenological inspection and
survey of the area and collected approximately 180 pounds of lunar surface
materials. They deployed an ALSEP package which involved the emplacement and
activation of surface experiments, and their lunar surface activities were
televised in color using a TV camera which was operated remotely by ground
controllers stationed in the mission control center located at Houston, Texas.
Other Apollo 15 achievements included: largest payloads ever placed in earth and
lunar orbits; first scientific instrument module bay flown and operated on an
Apollo spacecraft; longest distance traversed on lunar surface; first use of a
lunar surface navigation device, mounted on Rover 1; first subsatellite launched
in lunar orbit; and first extravehicular activity (EVA) from a command module
during transearth coast. The latter feat was accomplished by Worden during three
excursions to "Endeavour's" SIM bay where he retrieved film cassettes
from the panoramic and mapping cameras and reported his personal observations of
the general condition of equipment housed there.
Apollo 15 concluded with a Pacific splashdown and
subsequent recovery by the USS OKINAWA.
In completing his first flight, Irwin logged 295 hours
and 11 minutes in space - 19 hours and 46 minutes of which were in EVA.
Colonel Irwin resigned from NASA and the Air Force in
July 1972, to form a religious organization, High Flight Foundation, in Colorado
Springs, Colorado. He is Chairman of the Board.
REAR ADMIRAL ALAN B. SHEPARD JR.
Born: November 18, 1923 in East Derry, New Hampshire
Died: July 21, 1998 in Pebble Beach, California
Alan B. Shepard, Jr. (Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy, Retired)
PERSONAL DATA: Born November 18, 1923, in East Derry, New Hampshire.
Died on July 21, 1998. His wife, Louise, died on August 25, 1998. They are
survived by daughters Julie, Laura and Alice, and six grandchildren.
EDUCATION: Attended primary and secondary schools in East Derry and
Derry, New Hampshire; received a Bachelor of Science degree from the United
States Naval Academy in 1944, an Honorary Master of Arts degree from Dartmouth
College in 1962, and Honorary Doctorate of Science from Miami University
(Oxford, Ohio) in 1971, and an Honorary Doctorate of Humanities from Franklin
Pierce College in 1972. Graduated Naval Test Pilot School in 1951; Naval War
College, Newport, Rhode Island in 1957.
ORGANIZATIONS: Fellow of the American Astronautical Society and the
Society of Experimental Test Pilots; member of the Rotary, the Kiwanis, the
Mayflower Society, the Order of the Cincinnati, and the American Fighter Aces;
honorary member, Board of Directors for the Houston School for Deaf Children,
Director, National Space Institute, and Director, Los Angeles Ear Research
SPECIAL HONORS: Congressional Medal of Honor (Space); Awarded two
NASA Distinguished Service Medals, the NASA Exceptional Service Medal, the Navy
Astronaut Wings, the Navy Distinguished Service Medal, and the Navy
Distinguished Flying Cross; recipient of the Langley Medal (highest award of the
Smithsonian Institution) on May 5, 1964, the Lambert Trophy, the Kinchloe
Trophy, the Cabot Award, the Collier Trophy, the City of New York Gold Medal
(1971), Achievement Award for 1971. Shepard was appointed by the President in
July 1971 as a delegate to the 26th United Nations General Assembly and served
through the entire assembly which lasted from September to December
EXPERIENCE: Shepard began his naval career, after graduation from
Annapolis, on the destroyer COGSWELL, deployed in the pacific during World War
II. He subsequently entered flight training at Corpus Christi, Texas, and
Pensacola, Florida, and received his wings in 1947. His next assignment was with
Fighter Squadron 42 at Norfolk, Virginia, and Jacksonville, Florida. He served
several tours aboard aircraft carriers in the Mediterranean while with this
In 1950, he attended the United States Navy Test Pilot School at Patuxent
River, Maryland. After graduation, he participated in flight test work which
included high- altitude tests to obtain data on light at different altitudes and
on a variety of air masses over the American continent; and test and development
experiments of the Navy's in-flight refueling system, carrier suitability trails
of the F2H3 Banshee, and Navy trials of the first angled carrier deck. He was
subsequently assigned to Fighter Squadron 193 at Moffett Field, California, a
night fighter unit flying Banshee jets. As operations officer of this squadron,
he made two tours to the Western pacific onboard the carrier ORISKANY.
He returned to Patuxent for a second tour of duty and engaged in flight
testing the F3H Demon, F8U Crusader, F4D Skyray, and F11F Tigercat. He was also
project test pilot on the F5D Skylancer, and his last five months at Patuxent
were spent as an instructor in the Test Pilot School. He later attended the
Naval War College at Newport, Rhode Island, and upon graduating in 1957 was
subsequently assigned to the staff of the Commander-in-Chief, Atlantic Fleet, as
aircraft readiness officer.
He has logged more than 8,000 hours flying time--3,700 hours in jet
NASA EXPERIENCE: Rear Admiral Shepard was one of the Mercury
astronauts named by NASA in April 1959, and he holds the distinction of being
the first American to journey into space. On May 5, 1961, in the Freedom 7
spacecraft, he was launched by a Redstone vehicle on a ballistic trajectory
suborbital flight--a flight which carried him to an altitude of 116 statute
miles and to a landing point 302 statute miles down the Atlantic Missile
In 1963, he was designated Chief of the Astronaut Office with responsibility
for monitoring the coordination, scheduling, and control of all activities
involving NASA astronauts. This included monitoring the development and
implementation of effective training programs to assure the flight readiness of
available pilot/non-pilot personnel for assignment to crew positions on manned
space flights; furnishing pilot evaluations applicable to the design,
construction, and operations of spacecraft systems and related equipment; and
providing qualitative scientific and engineering observations to facilitate
overall mission planning, formulation of feasible operational procedures, and
selection and conduct of specific experiments for each flight. He was restored
to full flight status in May 1969, following corrective surgery for an inner ear
Shepard made his second space flight as spacecraft commander on Apollo 14,
January 31 - February 9, 1971. He was accompanied on man's third lunar landing
mission by Stuart A. Roosa, command module pilot, and Edgar D. Mitchell, lunar
module pilot. Maneuvering their lunar module, "Antares," to a landing in the
hilly upland Fra Mauro region of the moon, Shepard and Mitchell subsequently
deployed and activated various scientific equipment and experiments and
collected almost 100 pounds of lunar samples for return to earth. Other Apollo
14 achievements included: first use of Mobile Equipment Transporter (MET);
largest payload placed in lunar orbit; longest distance traversed on the lunar
surface; largest payload returned from the lunar surface; longest lunar surface
stay time (33 hours); longest lunar surface EVA (9 hours and 17 minutes); first
use of shortened lunar orbit rendezvous techniques; first use of colored TV with
new vidicon tube on lunar surface; and first extensive orbital science period
conducted during CSM solo operations.
Rear Admiral Shepard has logged a total of 216 hours and 57 minutes in space,
of which 9 hours and 17 minutes were spent in lunar surface EVA.
He resumed his duties as Chief of the Astronaut Office in June 1971 and
served in this capacity until he retired from NASA and the Navy on August 1,
Shepard was in private business in Houston, Texas. He served as the President
of the Mercury Seven Foundation, a non-profit organization which provides
college science scholarships for deserving students.
VICE ADMIRAL RICHARD H. TRULY
Born: November 12, 1937 in Fayette, Mississippi
RICHARD H. TRULY (Vice Admiral, U.S. Navy, Retired)
PERSONAL DATA: Born in Fayette, Mississippi, on November 12, 1937.
Married. Three children.
EDUCATION: Attended schools in Fayette and Meridian, Mississippi;
received a bachelor of aeronautical engineering degree from Georgia Institute of
Technology in 1959.
SPECIAL HONORS: Decorations include the Defense Distinguished
Service Medal, Defense Superior Service Medal, two Legion of Merit, Navy
Distinguished Flying Cross, and the Meritorious Service Award. His NASA awards
include the NASA Distinguished Service Medal, two NASA Space Flight Medals, and
two NASA Exceptional Service Medals. He is also the recipient of the Air Force
Association's David C. Shilling Award (1978), Society of Experimental Test
Pilot's Ivan C. Kincheloe Award (1978), the American Astronautical Society's
Flight Achievement Award (1977), the American Institute of Aeronautics and
Astronautics Haley Space Flight Award (1980), the Robert H. Goddard Memorial
Trophy (1982), the Thomas D. White Space Trophy (1982), the Robert J. Collier
Trophy (1982), the Harmon International Trophy (1982), the Federation
Aeronautique Internationale Gold Space Medal (1984), the Boy Scouts of America
Distinguished Eagle Scout Award , and the Medal of Honor of the National Society
of the Daughters of the American Revolution.
EXPERIENCE: Truly was ordered to flight school and was designated a
Naval Aviator on October 7, 1960. His initial tour of duty was in Fighter
Squadron 33 where he flew F-8 Crusaders aboard USS Intrepid (CVA-11) and USS
Enterprise (CVN-65) and made more than 300 carrier landings. From 1963 to 1965,
he was first a student and later an instructor at the U.S. Air Force Aerospace
Research Pilot School at Edwards Air Force Base, California. In 1965, he was
among the first military astronauts selected to the USAF Manned Orbiting
Laboratory program in Los Angeles, California. He became an astronaut for the
National Aeronautics and Space Administration in August 1969. He was a member of
the Astronaut support crew and capsule communicator for all three of the manned
Skylab missions (1973) and the Apollo-Soyuz mission (1975). Truly was pilot for
one of the two-man crews that flew the 747/Space Shuttle Enterprise approach and
landing test flights during 1977. He was then assigned as a backup pilot for
STS-1, the first orbital flight test of the Shuttle. His first flight into space
(STS-2, November 12-14, 1981) was as pilot of the Space Shuttle
Columbia, significant at the first manned spacecraft to be reflown in
space. His second flight (STS-8, August 30 to September 5, 1983) was as
commander of the Space Shuttle Challenger, which was the first night
launch and landing in the Shuttle program. As a Naval Aviator and test pilot,
Truly has over 7,000 hours in numerous military jet aircraft.
Truly left NASA in 1983 to become the first commander of the Naval Space
Command, Dahlgren, Virginia. He served as NASA Administrator from
COLONEL C. GORDON FULLERTON
Born: October 11, 1936 in Rochester, New York
C. GORDON FULLERTON
In December 2007 C. Gordon Fullerton retired from NASA
and his post of Associate Director of Flight Operations at NASA's Dryden Flight
Research Center, Edwards, California. His assignments included a variety of
flight research and support activities piloting the 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft
(SCA) and other multi-engine and high performance aircraft.
Fullerton, who logged 382 hours in space flight, was a
NASA astronaut from September 1969 until November 1986 when he joined the Flight
Crew Branch at Dryden. In July 1988, he completed a 30-year career with the U.S.
Air Force and retired in the rank of colonel.
As the project pilot on the NASA B-52 launch aircraft,
Fullerton flew during the first six air launches of the commercially developed
Pegasus space vehicle. He was involved in a series of development air launches
of the X-38 Crew Recovery Vehicle and in the Pegasus launches for the X-43A
Hyper-X advanced propulsion project.
Fullerton had been involved in numerous other research
programs at Dryden. He was the project pilot on the Propulsion Controlled
Aircraft program, during which he successfully landed both a modified F-15 and
an MD-11 transport with all control surfaces neutralized, using only engine
thrust modulation for control.
Fullerton also flew Drydens DC-8 Airborne Science
aircraft, regularly deployed worldwide to support a variety of research studies,
including atmospheric physics, ground mapping and meteorology.
Assigned to evaluate the flying qualities of the Russian
Tu-144 supersonic transport during two flights in 1998, he reached a speed of
Mach 2 and became one of only two non-Russian pilots to fly that aircraft.
He led a project that utilized a Convair 990 modified to
test space shuttle landing gear components during many very high-speed
Other projects for which he had flown in the past
included the C-140 JetStar Laminar Flow Control; F-111 Mission Adaptive Wing;
F-14 Variable Sweep Flow Transition; Space Shuttle drag chute and F-111 crew
module parachute tests with the B-52; X-29 vortex flow control; and the F-18
Systems Research Aircraft.
With more than 16,000 hours of flying time, Fullerton
piloted 135 different types of aircraft, including full qualification in the
T-33, T-34, T-37, T-38, T-39, F-86, F-101, F-104, F-106, F-111, F-14, F-15,
F/A-18, X-29, KC-135, C-140, B-47, most recently flying the T-38, B-52, B-747,
G-1159, and T-34C.
Fullerton graduated from U.S. Grant High School,
Portland, Oregon. He earned Bachelor of Science and Master of Science in
mechanical engineering from the California Institute of Technology, Pasadena,
California., in 1957 and l958, respectively.
Fullerton entered the U. S. Air Force in July 1958 after
working as a mechanical design engineer in the Flight Test Department of Hughes
Aircraft Co., Culver City, California.
After flight school, he was trained as an F-86
interceptor pilot, and later became a B-47 bomber pilot at Davis-Monthan Air
Force Base, Tucson, Arizona. In 1964 he was selected to attend the Air Force
Aerospace Research Pilot School (now the Air Force Test Pilot School), Edwards
Air Force Base, California. Upon graduation he was assigned as a test pilot with
the Bomber Operations Division at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton, Ohio.
Fullerton served as a flight crewmember for the Air Force Manned Orbiting
Laboratory program from 1966 through 1969.
After assignment as an astronaut to the NASA Johnson
Space Center, Houston, Fullerton served on the support crews for the Apollo 14,
15, 16, and 17 lunar missions. In 1977, Fullerton was assigned to one of the two
flight crews that piloted the Space Shuttle prototype Enterprise during the
Approach and Landing Test Program at Dryden.
Fullerton was the pilot on the eight-day STS-3 Space
Shuttle orbital flight test mission March 22-30, 1982. The mission exposed the
orbiter Columbia to extremes in thermal stress and tested the 50-foot Remote
Manipulator System used to grapple and maneuver payloads in orbit. STS-3 landed
at White Sands, New Mexico, because Rogers Dry Lake at Edwards was wet due to
heavy seasonal rains.
Fullerton was commander of the STS-51F Spacelab 2
mission, launched on July 29, 1985. This mission, with the orbiter Challenger,
was the first pallet-only Spacelab mission and the first to operate the Spacelab
Instrument Pointing System (IPS). It carried 13 major experiments in the fields
of astronomy, solar physics, ionospheric science, life science, and materiel
science (a super fluid helium experiment). T he mission ended August 6, 1985,
with a landing at Dryden.
Among the special awards and honors Fullerton has
received are the Iven C. Kincheloe Award from the Society of Experimental Test
Pilots in 1978; Department of Defense Distinguished Service and Superior Service
Medals; Air Force Distinguished Flying Cross; NASA Distinguished and Exceptional
Service Medals; NASA Space Flight Medals in 1983 and 1985; General Thomas D.
White Space Trophy; Haley Space Flight Award from the American Institute of
Aeronautics and Astronautics; American Astronautical Society Flight Achievement
Awards for 1977, 1981 and 1985; the Certificate of Achievement Award from the
Soaring Society of America; and the Ray E. Tenhoff Award from the Society of
Experimental Test Pilots in 1992 and 1993.
Fullerton was inducted into the Astronaut Hall of Fame in
2005, and the International Space Hall of Fame in 1982. He is a Fellow of the
Society of Experimental Test Pilots; member of Tau Beta Pi, an engineering
honorary fraternity; honorary member of the National World War II Glider Pilot
Association; and a Fellow of the American Astronautical
WILLIAM B. LENOIR
Born: March 14, 1939 in Miami, Florida
Died: August 28, 2010 in Sandoval County, New Mexico
William B. Lenoir (Ph.D.)
NASA Astronaut (Deceased)
PERSONAL DATA: Born on March 14, 1939, in Miami, Florida.Married to
Terri Waite.Three grown children. Bill Lenoir died on August 26, 2010 from head
injuries sustained during a bicycle accident.
EDUCATION: Attended primary and secondary schools in Coral Gables,
Florida; is a graduate of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology where he
received a bachelor of science degree in electrical engineering in 1961, a
master of science degree in 1962, and a doctor of philosophy degree in
ORGANIZATIONS: Senior member of the Institute of Electrical and
Electronics Engineers; and member of American Institute of Aeronautics and
Astronautics, Eta Kappa Nu, and the Society of Sigma Xi.
SPECIAL HONORS: Sloan Scholar at the Massachusetts Institute of
Technology and winner of the Carleton E. Tucker Award for Teaching Excellence at
MIT; awarded the NASA Exceptional Service Medal (1974), and NASA Space Flight
EXPERIENCE: From 1964 to 1965, Lenoir was an instructor at MIT; and
in 1965, he was named assistant professor of electrical engineering. His work at
MIT included teaching electromagnetic theory and systems theory as well as
performing research in remote sensing. He was an investigator in several
satellite experiments and continued research in this area while fulfilling his
Lenoir is a registered professional engineer in Texas.
He has logged over 3,000 hours of flying time in jet aircraft.
NASA EXPERIENCE: Dr. Lenoir was selected as a scientist-astronaut by
NASA in August 1967. He completed the initial academic training and a 53-week
course in flight training at Laughlin Air Force Base, Texas.
Lenoir was backup science-pilot for Skylab 3 and Skylab 4, the second and
third manned missions in the Skylab Program. During Skylab 4, he was co-leader
of the visual observations project and coordinator between the flight crew and
the principal investigators for the solar science experiments.
From September 1974 to July 1976, Lenoir spent approximately one-half of his
time as leader of the NASA Satellite Power Team. This team was formed to
investigate the potential of large-scale satellite power systems for terrestrial
utility consumption and to make program recommendations to NASA Headquarters.
Lenoir supported the Space Shuttle program in the areas of orbit operations,
training, extravehicular activity, and payload deployment and retrieval.
Dr. Lenoir flew as a mission specialist on the STS-5 (November 11-16, 1982,
the first flight to deploy commercial satellites, and has logged over 122 hours
in space. Following STS-5, Dr. Lenoir was responsible for the direction and
management of mission development within the Astronaut Office.
Dr. Lenoir resigned from NASA in September 1984, to assume a position with
the management and technology consulting firm of Booz, Allen & Hamilton,
Inc. in Arlington, Virginia. He returned to NASA in June 1989 as the Associate
Administrator for Space Flight, responsible for the development, operating and
implementation of the necessary policy for the Space Shuttle and all U.S.
government civil launch activities.
Dr. Lenoir resigned from NASA in April 1992, to assume the position of Vice
President of the Applied Systems Division at Booz, Allen & Hamilton, Inc. in
SPACE FLIGHT EXPERIENCE: STS-5 Columbia launched from Kennedy Space
Center, Florida, on November 11, 1982. This was the first operational flight of
the Spaceship Columbia and became known as the "We Deliver" mission. Two
commercial communications satellites with Payload Assist Module upper stages
(PAM-D) were successfully deployed from the Orbiter's cargo bay, a new first.
This activity was shared with the world when the onboard television tape was
played to the control center later that evening. In addition to collecting
precise data to document the Shuttle's performance during launch, boost, orbit,
atmospheric entry and landing phases, STS-5 carried a Getaway Special
experiment, three Student Involvement Project experiments, and medical
experiments. STS-5 was the last flight to carry the Development Flight
Instrumentation (DFI) package to support flight testing. The STS-5 crew
successfully concluded the 5-day orbital flight of Columbia with the first entry
and landing through a cloud deck to a hard-surface runway, demonstrating maximum
braking. STS-5 completed 81 orbits of the Earth before landing at Edwards Air
Force Base, California, on November 16, 1982.
CAPTAIN GENE CERNAN
Born: March 14, 1934 in Chicago, Illinois
Died: January 16, 2017 in Houston, Texas
Eugene A. Cernan (Captain, U.S. Navy, Retired)
NASA Astronaut (Former)
PERSONAL DATA: Born in Chicago, Illinois, on
March 14, 1934. Married - Jan Nanna Cernan. They have three daughters, and one
grandchild. His hobbies include love for horses, all competitive sports
activities, including hunting, fishing and flying.
EDUCATION: Graduated from Proviso Township High
School in Maywood, Illinois; received a bachelor of science degree in Electrical
Engineering from Purdue University in 1956 and a master of science degree in
Aeronautical Engineering from the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey,
California; recipient of an Honorary Doctorate of Law degree from Western State
University College of Law in 1969, an Honorary Doctorate of Engineering from
Purdue University in 1970, Drexel University in 1977, and Gonzaga University
& Comenius University of the Slovak Republic, Petroleum Economics and
Management Seminar, Northwestern University, 1978.
ORGANIZATIONS: Fellow, American Astronautical
Society; member, Society of Experimental Test Pilots; member, Tau Beta Pi
(National Engineering Society), Sigma Xi (National Science Research Society),
Phi Gamma Delta (National Social Fraternity), and the Explorer's
SPECIAL HONORS: Awarded two NASA Distinguished Service Medals, the
NASA Exceptional Service Medal, the JSC Superior Achievement Award, two Navy
Distinguished Service Medals, the Navy Astronaut Wings, the Navy Distinguished
Flying Cross, the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences Special
Trustees Award (1969), the Federation Aeronautique Internationale Gold Space
Medal for 1972, the Cities of Houston, Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York Gold
Medals, the VFW National Space Medal in 1973, Daughters of The American
Revolution Medal of Honor, Induction into the U.S. Space Hall of Fame, the
Challenger Center's "Salute to the U.S. Space Program"
Honor, Slovak World Recognition Award and Slovak Presidential Medal of
EXPERIENCE: Cernan, a retired United States Navy
Captain, received his commission through the Navy ROTC Program at Purdue. He
entered flight training upon graduation. He was assigned to Attack Squadrons 26
and 112 at the Miramar, California, Naval Air Station, and Subsequently attended
the Naval Postgraduate School. He has logged more than 5000 hours flying time
with more than 4800 hours in jet aircraft and over 200 jet aircraft carrier
NASA EXPERIENCE: Captain Cernan was one of
fourteen astronauts selected by NASA in October 1963.
He occupied the pilot seat alongside of command pilot
Tom Stafford on the Gemini IX mission. During this 3-day flight which Began on
June 3, 1966, the spacecraft achieved a circular orbit of 161 statute miles; the
crew used three different techniques to effect rendezvous with the previously
launched Augmented Target Docking Adapter; and Cernan, the second American to
walk in space, logged two hours and ten minutes outside the spacecraft in
extravehicular activities. The flight ended after 72 hours and 20 minutes with a
perfect re-entry and recovery as Gemini IX landed within 1-1/2 miles of the
prime recovery ship USS WASP and 3/8 of a mile from the predetermined
Cernan subsequently served as backup pilot for Gemini 12
and as backup lunar module pilot for Apollo 7.
On his second space flight, he was lunar module pilot of
Apollo 10, May 18-26, 1969, the first comprehensive lunar-orbital qualification
and verification flight test of an Apollo lunar module. He was accompanied on
the 248,000 nautical sojourn to the moon by Thomas P. Stafford (spacecraft
commander) and John W. Young (commander module pilot). In accomplishing all of
the assigned objectives of this mission, Apollo 10 confirmed the operations
performance, stability, and reliability of the command/service module and lunar
module configuration during trans-lunar coast, lunar orbit insertion, and lunar
module separation and descent to within 8 nautical miles of the lunar surface.
The latter maneuver involved employing all but the final minutes of the
technique prescribed for use in an actual lunar landing, and allowed critical
evaluations of the lunar module propulsions systems and rendezvous of the
landing radar devices in subsequent rendezvous and re-docking maneuvers. In
addition to demonstrating that man could navigate safely and accurately in the
moon's gravitational fields, Apollo 10 photographed and mapped tentative landing
sites for future missions.
Cernan's next assignment was backup spacecraft commander
for Apollo 14.
He made his third space flight as spacecraft commander of Apollo 17--the last
scheduled manned mission to the moon for the United States--which commenced at
11:33 P.M. (CST), December 6, 1972, with the first manned nighttime launch, and
concluded on December 19, 1972. With him on the voyage of the command module
"America" and the lunar module "Challenger" were Ronald Evans (command
module pilot) and Harrison H. (Jack) Schmitt (lunar module pilot). In
maneuvering "Challenger" to a landing at Taurus-Littrow, located on
the southeast edge of Mare Serenitatis, Cernan and Schmitt activated a base of
operations from which they completed three highly successful excursions to the
nearby craters and the Taurus mountains, making the Moon their home for over
three days. This last mission to the moon established several new records for
manned space flight that include: longest manned lunar landing flight (301 hours
51 minutes); longest lunar surface extravehicular activities (22 hours 6
minutes); largest lunar sample return (an estimated 115 kg (249 lbs.); and
longest time in lunar orbit (147 hours 48 minutes). While Cernan and Schmitt
conducted activities on the lunar surface, Evans remained in lunar orbit aboard
the "America" completing assigned work tasks requiring geological observations,
handheld photography of specific targets, and the control of cameras and other
highly sophisticated scientific equipment carried in the command module SIM-bay.
Evans also completed a 1-hour, 6-minute extravehicular activity on the
transearth coast phase of the return flight, successfully retrieving three
camera cassettes and completing a personal inspection of the equipment bay area.
Apollo 17 ended with a splashdown in the Pacific Ocean approximately 0.4 miles
from the target point and 4.3 miles form the prime recovery ship USS
Captain Cernan has logged 566 hours and 15 minutes in
space-of which more than 73 hours were spent on the surface of the moon.
In September, 1973, Cernan assumed additional duties as
Special Assistant to the Program Manager of the Apollo spacecraft Program at the
Johnson Space Center. In this capacity, he assisted in the planning,
development, and evaluation of the joint United States/Soviet Union Apollo-Soyuz
mission, and he acted for the program manager as the senior United States
negotiator in direct discussions with the USSR on the Apollo-Soyuz Test
On July 1, 1976, Captain Cernan retired after over 20
years with the U.S. Navy. He concurrently terminated his formal association with
Captain Cernan was the second American to have walked in
space having spanned the circumference of the world twice in a little more than
2-1/2 hours. He was one of the two men to have flown to the moon on two
occasions, and as commander of the last mission to the moon, Apollo 17, had the
privilege and distinction of being the last man to have left his footprints on
the surface of the moon.
BUSINESS: Cernan joined Coral Petroleum, Inc.,
of Houston, Texas, as Executive Vice President-International. His
responsibilities were to enhance Coral's energy related programs on a worldwide
In September 1981, Captain Cernan started his own
company, The Cernan Corporation, to pursue management and consultant interests
in the energy, aerospace, and other related industries. Additionally he has been
actively involved as a co-anchorman on ABC-TV's presentations of the flight of
In a recent acquisition, Captain Cernan became Chairman
of the Board of Johnson Engineering Corporation. Johnson Engineering currently
provides the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) with Flight
Crew Systems Development with personnel located both on and off site at Johnson
Space Center. Over the last seventeen years, Johnson Engineering has supported
NASA in the design of crew stations for Space Shuttle, Spacelab, Space Station,
Lunar Base and Mars Outpost. The company is directly involved with the operation
of the 1-G trainers in Building 9A and B, as well as the Weightless Environment
Training Facility in Building 29.
COLONEL GORDON COOPER JR.
Born: March 6, 1927 in Shawnee, Oklahoma
Died: October 4, 2004 in Ventura, California
Leroy Gordon Cooper, Jr. (Colonel, U.S. Air Force, Retired)
NASA Astronaut (Deceased)
PERSONAL DATA: Born March 6, 1927 in Shawnee,
Oklahoma. His interests included treasure hunting, archeology, racing, flying,
skiing, boating, hunting and fishing. Gordon Cooper passed away on October 4,
2004, at his home in Ventura, California, at the age of 77.
EDUCATION: Attended primary and secondary
schools in Shawnee, Oklahoma and Murray, Kentucky; received a Bachelor of
Science degree in Aeronautical Engineering from the Air Force Institute of
Technology (AFIT) in 1956; recipient of an Honorary Doctorate of Science degree
from Oklahoma City University in 1967.
ORGANIZATIONS: The Society of Experimental Test
Pilots, The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, The American
Astronautical Society, The Blue Lodge Masons, The York Rite Masons, The Scottish
Rite Masons, The Royal Order of Jesters, The Sojourners, The Rotary Club, The
Daedalians, The Confederate Air Force, The Boy Scouts of America, The Girl
Scouts of America.
SPECIAL HONORS: The Air Force Legion of Merit,
The Air Force Distinguished Flying Cross, The Air Force Distinguished Flying
Cross Cluster, The NASA Exceptional Service Medal, The NASA Distinguished
Service Medal, USAF Command Astronaut Wings, The Collier Trophy, The Harmon
Trophy, The Scottish Rite 33, The York Rite Knight of the Purple Cross, The
DeMolay Legion of Honor, The John F. Kennedy Trophy, The Ivan E. Kincheloe
Trophy, The Air Force Association Trophy, The Primus Trophy, The John Montgomery
Trophy, The General Thomas E. White Trophy, The Association of Aviation Writers
Award, The University of Hawaii Regents Medal, The Columbus Medal, The Silver
Antelope, The Sport Fishing Society of Spain Award.
EXPERIENCE: Cooper, an Air Force Colonel,
received an Army commission after completing three years of schooling at the
University of Hawaii. He transferred his commission to the Air Force and was
placed on active duty by that service in 1949 and given flight training.
His next assignment was with the 86th Fighter Bomber
Group in Munich, Germany, where he flew F-84s and F-86s for four years. While in
Munich, he also attended the European Extension of the University of Maryland
He returned to the United States and, after two years of
study at AFIT, received his degree. He then reported to the Air Force
Experimental Flight Test School at Edwards Air Force Base, California, and, upon
graduating in 1957, was assigned as an aeronautical engineer and test pilot in
the Performance Engineering Branch of the Flight Test Division at Edwards. His
responsibilities there included the flight testing of experimental fighter
He logged more than 7,000 hours flying time--4,000 hours
in jet aircraft. He had flown all types of Commercial and General aviation
airplane and helicopters.
NASA EXPERIENCE: Colonel Cooper was selected as
a Mercury astronaut in April 1959.
On May 15-16, 1963, he piloted the "Faith 7" spacecraft
on a 22-orbit mission which concluded the operational phase of Project Mercury.
During the 34 hours and 20 minutes of flight, Faith 7 attained an apogee of 166
statute miles and a speed of 17,546 miles per hour and traveled 546,167 statute
Cooper served as command pilot of the 8-day
120-revolution Gemini 5 mission which began on August 21, 1965. It was on this
flight that he and pilot Charles Conrad established a new space endurance record
by traveling a distance of 3,312,993 miles in an elapsed time of 190 hours and
56 minutes. Cooper also became the first man to make a second orbital flight and
thus won for the United States the lead in man-hours in space by accumulating a
total of 225 hours and 15 minutes.
He served as backup command pilot for Gemini 12 and as
backup commander for Apollo X.
Colonel Cooper logged 222 hours in space.
He retired from the Air Force and NASA in
From 1962 to 1967, he was President of Performance
Unlimited, Inc., a manufacturer and distributor of race and Marine engines, and
From 1963 to 1967, he was President of GCR, Inc. They
designed, tested and raced championship cars at Indianapolis and other USAC
tracks, conducted tire tests for Firestone Tire and Rubber Company and pioneered
turbine engine installation on cars.
From 1965 to 1970, he was President of Teletest, Inc.
They designed, installed and tested various systems using advanced Telemetry.
From 1966 to 1969, he participated with Doubloon, Inc.,
on design, construction, and utilization of Treasure Hunting equipment.
From 1968 to 1969, he participated with Cosmos, Inc., on
Archeology exploration projects.
From 1968 to 1970, he was part owner and race project
manager of the Profile Race Team. He also designed, raced and constructed high
From 1968 to 1970, he was a Technical Consultant for
corporate acquisitions and public relations for the Republic Corp.
From 1967 to 1969, he was Technical Consultant for
design and construction of various automotive production items for General
Motors, Ford and Chrysler Motor Companies.
From 1970 to 1972 he was Member of the Board of
Directors and Technical Consultant for developing technical products and public
relations in land development projects for Canaveral International, Inc.
From 1970 to 1975, he was President of the consulting
firm Gordon Cooper & Associates, Inc. They specialized in technical projects
ranging from airline and aerospace fields to land and hotel development.
From 1970 to 1974, he was on the Board of Directors for
APECO which produced and marketed modular homes, computer systems, office
systems, copy machines and boats and marine equipment.
From July 1972 to June 1973, he was a Member of Board of
Directors and Technical Consultant for Campco, a corporation which built campers
and mobile homes.
From August 1972 to December 1973, He was on the Board
of Directors and a Technical Consultant for design and production of various
advanced electronic systems for LowCom Systems, Inc.
From 1972 to 1973, he was on the Board of Directors and
a Technical Consultant for design and construction of lifting, inflatable,
steerable foils which could land cargo and/or personnel at a precise spot for
Aerofoil Systems, Inc.
From July 1973 to January 1974, he was Vice President
and member of the Board of Directors for Craftech Corporation. They specialized
in the design and construction of economical homes, garages, storage buildings,
and hangers of Craftboard and fiberglass.
From January 1973 to 1975, he was Chairman of the Board
for Constant Energy Systems, Inc.
From January 1973 to 1975, he was Vice President for
Research and Development/EPCOT for Walter E. Disney Enterprises, Inc., the
research and development subsidiary of Walt Disney Productions.
CAPTAIN ROBERT CRIPPEN
Born: September 11, 1937 in Beaumont, Texas
Robert L. Crippen (Captain, U.S. Navy, Retired)
PERSONAL DATA: Born in Beaumont, Texas, on September 11, 1937.
Married to the former Pandora Lee Puckett of Miami, Florida. Three grown
EDUCATION: Graduated from New Caney High School in Caney, Texas;
received a bachelor of science degree in Aerospace Engineering from the
University of Texas in 1960.
ORGANIZATIONS: Fellow, American Institute of Aeronautics and
Astronautics; American Astronautical Society; and Society of Experimental Test
SPECIAL HONORS: NASA Outstanding Leadership Medal (1988);
Distinguished Service Medals (1985, 1988, 1993); U.S. Navy Distinguished Flying
Cross (1984); Defense Meritorious Service Medal (1984); Federal Aviation
Administration's Award for Distinguished Service (1982), Goddard Memorial Trophy
(1982), Harmon Trophy (1982); NASA Space Flight Medals (1981, 1983, and 2 in
1984); NASA Distinguished Service Medal (1981), Department of Defense
Distinguished Service Award (1981); American Astronautical Society Flight
Achievement Award (1981); National Geographic Society's Gardiner Greene Hubbard
Medal (1981); Aviation Hall of Fame 1981 Al J. Engel Ward; American Legion's
Distinguished Service Medal (1981), Society of Experimental Test Pilots Ivan C.
Kincheloe Award (1981); NASA Exceptional Service Medal (1972).
EXPERIENCE: Crippen received his commission through the Navy's
Aviation Officer Program at Pensacola, Florida, which he entered after
graduation from the University of Texas. He continued his flight training at
Whiting Field, Florida, and went from there to Chase Field in Beeville, Texas,
where he received his wings. From June 1962 to November 1964, he was assigned to
Fleet Squadron VA-72--completing 2 1/2 years of duty as an attack pilot aboard
the aircraft carrier USS INDEPENDENCE. He later attended the USAF Aerospace
Research Pilot School at Edwards Air Force Base, California, and upon
graduation, remained there as an instructor until his selection in October 1966
to the USAF Manned Orbiting Laboratory Program. Crippen was among the second
group of aerospace research pilots to be assigned to the MOL program.
He has logged more than 6,500 hour flying time, which includes more than
5,500 hours in jet aircraft.
NASA EXPERIENCE: Crippen became a NASA astronaut in September 1969.
He was a member of the astronaut support crew for the Skylab 2, 3, and 4
missions, and served in this same capacity for the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project
(ASTP) mission, which was completed successfully in July 1975. He served as
pilot on STS-1 (April 12-14, 1981), and was the spacecraft commander on STS-7
(June 18-24, 1983), STS-41C (April 6-13, 1984) and STS-41G (October 5-13, 1984).
A four flight veteran, Crippen has logged over 565 hours in space, orbited the
earth 374 times and traveled over 9.4 million miles. Positions held include:
1986-1989 deputy director, Shuttle Operations, for NASA Headquarters at Kennedy
Space Center, Florida, responsible for final Shuttle preparation, mission
execution, and return of the orbiter to KSC after landing at Edwards Air Force
Base, California; 1990-1992 served as director, Space Shuttle, at NASA
Headquarters in Washington, D.C., where he presided over the overall Shuttle
program requirements and performance, and total program control including
budget, schedule, and program content. 1992-1995 he managed Kennedy Space Center
processing, launch, and recovery of Space Shuttle missions, ending a 21 year
NASA career in January 1995 as the Director of the Kennedy Space Center. He next
served as vice president of Training Simulation Systems at Lockheed Martin
Information Systems. In December 1996 he became President of the Thiokol
Propulsion Group, Brigham City, Utah. This newly established Group was composed
of three divisions, Space Operations, Defense and Launch Vehicles, and Science
and Engineering. Crippen retired in April 2001 as President of Thiokol
SPACE FLIGHT EXPERIENCE: STS-1 (April 12-14, 1981) was the first
orbital test flight of the Shuttle Columbia, the first true manned spaceship. It
was also the first manned vehicle to be flown into orbit without benefit of
previous unmanned "orbital" testing; the first to launch with wings using solid
rocket boosters. It was also the first winged reentry vehicle to return to a
conventional runway landing, weighing more than 99-tons as it was braked to a
stop on the dry lakebed at Edwards Air Force Base, California. Mission duration
was 54 hours, 20 minutes, 53 1 seconds
STS-7 (June 18-24, 1983) was the second flight for the Orbiter Challenger.
This was also the first mission with a 5-person crew. During the 6-day flight
the crew deployed satellites for Canada (ANIK C-2) and Indonesia (PALAPA B-1);
operated the Canadian-built Remote Manipulator System (RMS) to perform the first
deployment and retrieval exercise with the Shuttle Pallet Satellite (SPAS-01);
conducted the first formation flying of the orbiter with a free-flying satellite
(SPAS-02); carried and operated the first U.S./German cooperative materials
science payload (OSTA-2); and operated the Continuous Flow Electrophoresis
System (CFES) and the Monodisperse Latex Reactor (MLR) experiments, in addition
to activating seven Getaway Specials. Mission duration was 146 hours, 23
minutes, 59 seconds.
STS-41C (April 6-13, 1984) was a 7-day mission during which the crew
successfully deployed the Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF); retrieved the
ailing Solar Maximum Satellite, repaired it on-board the orbiting Challenger,
and replaced it in orbit using the robot arm called the Remote Manipulator
System (RMS); flight tested the Manned Manneuvering Units (MMU's) in two
extravehicular activities (EVA's); as well as operating the Cinema 360 and IMAX
Camera Systems, and a Bee Hive Honeycomb Structures student experiment. Mission
duration was 167 hours, 40 minutes, 07 seconds.
STS-41G (October 5-13, 1984) was the first mission with a 7-person crew.
During the 8-day flight the crew deployed the Earth Radiation Budget Satellite,
conducted scientific observations of the earth with the OSTA-3 pallet and Large
Format Camera, as well as demonstrating potential satellite refueling with an
EVA and associated hydrazine transfer. Mission duration was 197 hours, 23
minutes, 37 seconds and concluded with a landing at Kennedy Space Center,