|MAJOR GENERAL JOE ENGLE|
Born: August 26, 1932 in Dickinson County, Kansas
Major General JOE H. ENGLE
U.S. Air Force / Air National Guard,
Major General Joe H. Engle is retired from the Air
National Guard, the United States Air Force, and the NASA Astronaut program. He
was married to the late Mary Catherine Lawrence of Mission Hills, Kansas and has
two grown children and two grandchildren. He is now married to Jeanie Carter
Engle of Houston, Texas and has one stepchild. He is currently an engineering
consultant and technical advisor on space vehicles and space operations, and is
serving as Technical Advisor to NASA's International Space Station Advisory
Committee. He is also a consultant-spokesman for Bushnell Performance
General Engle was born 26 Aug 1932 in Dickinson County,
Kansas, and graduated from the University of Kansas with a Bachelor of Science
degree in Aeronautical Engineering in 1956. He received his commission through
the Air Force ROTC program at the University of Kansas and entered USAF flying
school in March 1956.
General Engle served with the 474th Fighter Day Squadron
(later re-designated the 309th Tactical Fighter Squadron) flying F-100's at
George AFB, CA. In 1960 he was selected for the USAF Test Pilot School and the
USAF Aerospace Research Pilot School (commanded by then Col. Chuck Yeager) at
Edwards AFB, CA. Upon graduation he was assigned to the Fighter Test Branch at
Edwards AFB where he flew numerous and varied flight tests on century series
fighters. In 1963 Captain Engle was assigned as one of two Air Force test pilots
to fly the X-15 Research Rocket aircraft. On 29 June 1965 he flew the X-15 to an
altitude of 280,600 feet, and became the youngest pilot ever to qualify as an
astronaut. Three of his sixteen flights in the X-15 exceeded the 50-mile
(264,000 feet) altitude required for astronaut rating.
In March 1966, Engle was one of 19 pilots selected for
NASA space missions. He was the back-up Lunar Module Pilot for the Apollo 14
mission, and was to fly to and walk on the moon on Apollo 17 until budget cuts
canceled the last 3 planned Apollo flights.
From June through October 1977, General Engle was the
commander of one of two crews that flew the initial Space Shuttle
â€œEnterpriseâ€ Approach and Landing Test flights. The Space Shuttle was flown
off the top of a modified Boeing 747 for a 2 Â½ minute glide test flight from
20,000 feet to landing.
On 12 Nov 1981, General Engle commanded the second orbital test flight of the
Space Shuttle â€œColumbiaâ€, launched from Kennedy Space Center, FL. On this
flight he became the first and only pilot to manually fly an aerospace vehicle from Mach 25 to
The general served as Deputy Associate Administrator for
Manned Space Flight at NASA Headquarters from March to December 1982. He
retained his flight astronaut status and returned to Johnson Space Center in
General Engle was Commander of Space Shuttle
â€œDiscoveryâ€ on flight 51-I which launched from Kennedy Space Center on 27
Aug 1985. The crew deployed three communications satellites, and performed a
successful on-orbit rendezvous and manual repair of the disabled SYNCOM
General Engle has flown over 185 different types of
aircraft including 38 different fighter and attack aircraft. He has logged more
than 14,700 flight hours â€" 9,900 in jets and over 224 hours in space. His
military decorations include the Department of Defense Distinguished Service
Medal, the Air Force Distinguished Service Medal, and the Air Force
Distinguished Flying Cross with Oak Leaf Cluster. He has also been awarded the
NASA Distinguished Service Medal, NASA Exceptional Service Medal, and NASA Space
Flight Medal with device.
Other awards include the Harmon International Aviation
Trophy, the Collier Trophy, the Goddard Space Trophy, the Gen. Thomas D. White
Space Trophy, and the Kinchelow Experimental Test Pilot's Trophy.
In 1964, he was selected as the USAF Outstanding Young
Officer of the Year. That same year he was named one of the Ten Outstanding
Young Men of America by the U.S. Junior Chamber of Commerce. Later that year he
was named Kansan of the Year. In 1982 he received the University of Kansas
Distinguished Service Citation, (the highest honor the University of Kansas can
bestow upon an individual), and that same year, he received the University of
Kansas School of Engineering Distinguished Engineering Service Award.
He has been inducted into the Kansas Aviation Hall of
Fame, the Astronaut Hall of Fame, and in 2001 he was one of four aviation
pioneers enshrined into the National Aviation Hall of Fame.
In his last active duty military assignment, General
Engle was the Air National Guard Assistant to the Commander in Chief, United
States Space Command and North American Air Defense Command, with Headquarters
at Peterson Air Force Base, CO. As â€œTest Pilot Emeritusâ€ of the USAF Test
Pilot School, he remains active in flying, including current jet fighter
aircraft, and is also an avid outdoor sportsman and wildlife
VICE ADMIRAL RICHARD H. TRULY
Born: November 12, 1937 in Fayette, Mississippi
RICHARD H. TRULY (Vice Admiral, U.S. Navy, Retired)
PERSONAL DATA: Born in Fayette, Mississippi, on November 12, 1937.
Married. Three children.
EDUCATION: Attended schools in Fayette and Meridian, Mississippi;
received a bachelor of aeronautical engineering degree from Georgia Institute of
Technology in 1959.
SPECIAL HONORS: Decorations include the Defense Distinguished
Service Medal, Defense Superior Service Medal, two Legion of Merit, Navy
Distinguished Flying Cross, and the Meritorious Service Award. His NASA awards
include the NASA Distinguished Service Medal, two NASA Space Flight Medals, and
two NASA Exceptional Service Medals. He is also the recipient of the Air Force
Association's David C. Shilling Award (1978), Society of Experimental Test
Pilot's Ivan C. Kincheloe Award (1978), the American Astronautical Society's
Flight Achievement Award (1977), the American Institute of Aeronautics and
Astronautics Haley Space Flight Award (1980), the Robert H. Goddard Memorial
Trophy (1982), the Thomas D. White Space Trophy (1982), the Robert J. Collier
Trophy (1982), the Harmon International Trophy (1982), the Federation
Aeronautique Internationale Gold Space Medal (1984), the Boy Scouts of America
Distinguished Eagle Scout Award , and the Medal of Honor of the National Society
of the Daughters of the American Revolution.
EXPERIENCE: Truly was ordered to flight school and was designated a
Naval Aviator on October 7, 1960. His initial tour of duty was in Fighter
Squadron 33 where he flew F-8 Crusaders aboard USS Intrepid (CVA-11) and USS
Enterprise (CVN-65) and made more than 300 carrier landings. From 1963 to 1965,
he was first a student and later an instructor at the U.S. Air Force Aerospace
Research Pilot School at Edwards Air Force Base, California. In 1965, he was
among the first military astronauts selected to the USAF Manned Orbiting
Laboratory program in Los Angeles, California. He became an astronaut for the
National Aeronautics and Space Administration in August 1969. He was a member of
the Astronaut support crew and capsule communicator for all three of the manned
Skylab missions (1973) and the Apollo-Soyuz mission (1975). Truly was pilot for
one of the two-man crews that flew the 747/Space Shuttle Enterprise approach and
landing test flights during 1977. He was then assigned as a backup pilot for
STS-1, the first orbital flight test of the Shuttle. His first flight into space
(STS-2, November 12-14, 1981) was as pilot of the Space Shuttle
Columbia, significant at the first manned spacecraft to be reflown in
space. His second flight (STS-8, August 30 to September 5, 1983) was as
commander of the Space Shuttle Challenger, which was the first night
launch and landing in the Shuttle program. As a Naval Aviator and test pilot,
Truly has over 7,000 hours in numerous military jet aircraft.
Truly left NASA in 1983 to become the first commander of the Naval Space
Command, Dahlgren, Virginia. He served as NASA Administrator from
THOMAS C. McMURTRY
Born: June 4, 1935 in Crawfordsville, Indiana
2009/I Up in the Air (Other), 2008 Iron Man (Other), 2006 United 93 (Other), 2000 Thirteen Days (Other)
LT. COLONEL FITZ FULTON JR.
Born: June 6, 1925 in Blakely, Georgia
Died: February 4, 2015 in Thousand Oaks, Los Angeles, California
Flew C-54s in support for the Bikini Atoll atomic bomb tests and
subsequently completed 225 missions during the Berlin Airlift.
Flew 55 combat missions during the Korean Conflict in the Douglas B-26
Completed the Air Force Experimental Test Pilot School in 1952 and flew the
B-29 and B-50 which launched the X-1 and X-2 rocket plane.
Was the only Air Force pilot to fly a Boeing NB-36H with an atomic reactor on
board and one of two pilots to fly XB-60 test aircraft.
He was project pilot on the B-58 supersonic bomber program and set an
international altitude record of 85,360 feet with the aircraft carrying a
payload of 11,023 pounds (5000 kilograms) in 1962.
Flew the Mach 3 XB-70 Valkarie prototype.
In 1966 Fulton became chief test pilot at NASA; Dryden Flight Research
Facility where he tested the X-15, 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft, and SR-71
Died: Circa 1991