Carte de visite, shown as a major general, signed on the front and
also inscribed by him on verso on the Fourth of July
Photograph inscribed and signed twice: "Robert
Anderson/Major Gen. U.S.A." and on verso "For Mrs. Geo.
Griswold/from her friend/Robert Anderson/Dresden/July 4th, 1869, 2¼x3¾ carte
de visite affixed to a 4x2½ card (two surfaces). Bottom right side of verso
soiled. Otherwise, fine condition. Accompanied by 4x5 lithograph of
Anderson's wife "Eba" (Eliza Bayard Clinch), set into a period gilt and black
painted decorative wooden frame. Bottom of from lightly chipped.Worn on verso.
Otherwise, fine condition. ROBERT ANDERSON (1805-1871) was born near
Louisville, Kentucky to a prominent slaveholding Virginia family. It has been
suggested that Secretary of War John B. Floyd - later a Confiderate general,
sent Anderson to command the federal garrison in Charleston harbor (November 15,
1860) in the expectation that he would readily surrender it. Everything in
Anderson's background, including his wife's Georgia family and his
friendship with Jefferson Davis, implied southern sympathies, but Anderson's
sense of duty was stronger than these proclivities. When South Carolina
seceded (December 1860), Anderson moved his troops from Fort Moultrie to the
more defensible Fort Sumter . His situation grew steadily worse, but he
continued to refuse to surrender. On the morning of April 12, 1861 South
Carolina guns began firing on Fort Sumter. On April 14th, Major Anderson
accepted the terms of evacuation offered by Confederate General Beauregard.
Greeted as a hero upon his return to the North, Anderson was brevetted to
brigadier general on May 15, 1861 and given the command of the Department of
Kentucky which was merged into the Department of the Cumberland on August 15th.
Ill health removed Anderson from field command (October 8, 1861). He retired
from the regular army on October 27, 1863 and brevetted Major General.
After the recapture of Charleston, on April 14, 1865, Major General Robert
Anderson took part in a ceremony in which he raised the same Union flag he had
lowered exactly four years earlier. Eliza Bayard "Eba" Clinch (d. 1905),
daughter of a wealthy Georgia plantation owner, had married Robert Anderson
in 1842, with General Winfield Scott standing in for her father at the
ceremony. The Andersons had five children. Two items.
For more documents by these signers click the names below:
MAJOR GENERAL ROBERT ANDERSON
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