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|MAJOR GENERAL VALERI BYKOVSKY|
Born: August 2, 1934 in Pavlovsky Posad, Soviet Union
Valery Fyodorovich Bykovsky was born 2 August 1934, Pavlovsky Posad. He is a
retired Soviet cosmonaut who flew three manned space mission space flights:
Vostok 5, Soyuz 22, and Soyuz 31. He was also backup for Vostok 3 and Soyuz
Bykovsky set a space endurance record when he spent five days in orbit aboard
Vostok 5 in 1963. Although this flight duration has long since been surpassed by
crews of more than one person, to this day it remains the endurance record for a
Bykovsky was to have commanded the original Soyuz
2 mission, which was cancelled due to problems with Soyuz 1. After the
parachutes failed on that mission, killing Vladimir Komarov, the same problem
was found with the Soyuz 2 capsule, which meant if the mission had flown,
Bykovsky and his crew would also have been killed.
Many of his
later years in the space programme were involved with promoting the Intercosmos
programme amongst the world's Socialist nations. He retired in 1988 and then
spent three years as the Director of the House of Soviet Science and Culture in