MAJOR GENERAL WILLIAM H. EMORY - AUTOGRAPH LETTER DOUBLE SIGNED 07/10/1862 - HFSID 227327
WILLIAM H. EMORY
William H. Emory sends an autograph letter to Brigadier General S.
Williams about reassigning a soldier.
Autograph Letter Signed: "Very Respectfully Yr Obt/W.H. Emory/Brig
Genl Cmg", ¼p, 7½x9¾. Head Quarters 1st Brigade, Second Division, 1873
July 10. To Brigadier General S. Williams, Assistant Adjutant General.
Begins: "Genl". In full: "I would take it as a great favor and
I think it would not be unacceptable to the Officers of this Brigade and would
add greatly to the officers if Capt A[illegible] 6th U.S. Cavalry, Lt
McIntosh 5th U.S. Cavalry my late Efficient Brigade Quarter Master were assigned
to Command temporarily regiments in this Brigade." Handwritten postscript
signed: "W.H. Emory". In full: "I request Genl Peck
will approve this & forward." Lightly creased with folds, light
horizontal fold underlines signature under postscript. Lightly soiled at blank
areas, stained at lower blank margin. Overall, fine condition. Accompanied by
unsigned engraving of Emory (b/w, 4¾x7½ overall, image 3½x3½, one surface).
Fine condition. WILLIAMS was the Assistant Adjutant General of the Army
of the Potomac. General Peck was JOHN JAMES PECK (1821-1878), who had
been appointed Brigadier General of Volunteers by President Abraham
Lincoln on April 9, 1861. At the time of this letter, he directed the Second
Division of Major General Erasmus D. Keyes' IV Corps (June 24-September 26,
1862). On July 25, 1862, fifteen days after this letter was written, Peck was
promoted to Major General in charge of all Union troops in Virginia south of
the James River, serving in that capacity until September. During the American
Civil War, WILLIAM HEMSLEY EMORY (1811-1887) served as a Brigade
Commander in the Union's Army of the Potomac (1862) before being transferred
to the Western Theater, where he commanded a division in the Port Hudson and Red
River campaigns in Louisiana (1863-1864). Returning to the East, Emory was
Commander of the 19th Corps, which performed badly in the Shenandoah Valley
(1864), especially during the Battle of Cedar Creek, during which Emory and his
forces were saved by the arrival of General Philip Sheridan ("Sheridan's ride".
After the war, Emory held a number of posts, including Commander of the
Department of the Gulf (a Reconstruction assignment that included overseeing
soldiers in Louisiana, Arkansas and Mississippi), but Sheridan removed him
from command and saw that Emory was retired in 1876. Emory, who had
graduated from West Point in 1831, was a civil engineer who had specialized in
exploration and conducting border surveys along the Texas-Mexican border (1844),
the U.S.-Canadian border (1844-1846), the U.S.-Mexican border (1848-1853) and
the Gadsden Purchase (1854-1857). He was married to Matilda Wilkins Bache, the
great-granddaughter of Benjamin Franklin. Two items.
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MAJOR GENERAL WILLIAM H. EMORY
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