The Russian actress and Bolshevik bureaucrat, common-law wife of the
"Father of Socialist Realism" Maxim Gorky, writes letter to friend hoping she
will join them in visit to see American Socialist George Herron and his wife.
Letter of historical interest!
Autograph letter signed: "Alexis et Marie Pechkoff" in black
ink. 2 pages (1 page front and verso, 5¼x8¾ folded. Written on Savoy Hotel
letterhead. Florence, Italy. November 15, no year. Addressed to Madame Fernanda
Gobba Ojetti, wife of journalist Ugo Ojetti of Florence, Italy. In full
(translated from French): "Dear Madame! We are very sad not to have seen
you for so long. How is dear Mr. Ojetti, doing better we hope? When are you
going to Rome? I do not come to you to not disturb you. Thousands greetings and
the best wishes". Post script: "Hellas, tonight we go to the
Herron! And me Il'll translate in English! Oh, if I would have at least the
pleasure you have found, but I am that you will not be". MARIA ANDREYEVA
(1868-1953) was a Russian actress and Bolshevik administrator.
Following her parent's footsteps, Andreyeva began acting at an early age,
marrying patron and railroad executive Andrey Zhelyabuzhsky at the age of 18 (he
was 18 years her elder), and would go on to have a successful career in Moscow.
In the early 1900s, she became interested in Marxist literature and secretly
joined the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party, meeting socialist author
Maxim Gorgy in Sevastopol in 1900, and becoming his common law wife in 1903.
The couple settled in Italy until Russia's October Revolution in 1917, after
which Andreyeva was named Commissar of Theatres and Public Shows in Petrograd,
which promoted classical literature to the masses; she would hold several more
Soviet titles, including Commissariat of External Trade in relation to the film
industry. MAXIM GORKY (1868-1936) was a Russian author often
considered the "Father of Socialist Realism". His real name was Alexi
Maximovich Peshkov, but he adopted the pseudonym "Gorky" which means "bitter".
His works, noted for their stark realism, include the novel Mother
(1906), the play The Lower Depths (1902), and the autobiographical
trilogy Childhood (1914), In the World (1915), and
My Universities (1923). Gorky was an early supporter of
Lenin and the Bolshevik Party but he opposed the Russian
Revolution of 1917 and criticized Lenin's dictatorship; however, he joined
the government in 1919. He later wrote propaganda for Stalin.
In his honor, his native city of Nizhny Novgorod was renamed Gorky
in 1932. The "Herron" referred to by Adreyeva undoubtedly alludes to
American socialist George Herron and his wife who were also living in a villa
near Florence at this time. Toned and slightly soiled. Normal mailing folds.
Light surface creases. Corners rounded. Small stains throughout. Otherwise, fine
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