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MARIA ANDREYEVA - AUTOGRAPH LETTER SIGNED 11/15 - DOCUMENT 342847

 

MARIA ANDREYEVA
The Russian actress and Bolshevik bureaucrat, common-law wife of the "Father of Socialist Realism" Maxim Gorky, writes letter to friend hoping she will join them in visit to see American Socialist George Herron and his wife. Letter of historical interest!
Autograph letter signed: "Alexis et Marie Pechkoff" in black ink. 2 pages (1 page front and verso, 5¼x8¾ folded. Written on Savoy Hotel letterhead. Florence, Italy. November 15, no year. Addressed to Madame Fernanda Gobba Ojetti, wife of journalist Ugo Ojetti of Florence, Italy. In full (translated from French): "Dear Madame! We are very sad not to have seen you for so long. How is dear Mr. Ojetti, doing better we hope? When are you going to Rome? I do not come to you to not disturb you. Thousands greetings and the best wishes". Post script: "Hellas, tonight we go to the Herron! And me Il'll translate in English! Oh, if I would have at least the pleasure you have found, but I am that you will not be". MARIA ANDREYEVA (1868-1953) was a Russian actress and Bolshevik administrator. Following her parent's footsteps, Andreyeva began acting at an early age, marrying patron and railroad executive Andrey Zhelyabuzhsky at the age of 18 (he was 18 years her elder), and would go on to have a successful career in Moscow. In the early 1900s, she became interested in Marxist literature and secretly joined the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party, meeting socialist author Maxim Gorgy in Sevastopol in 1900, and becoming his common law wife in 1903. The couple settled in Italy until Russia's October Revolution in 1917, after which Andreyeva was named Commissar of Theatres and Public Shows in Petrograd, which promoted classical literature to the masses; she would hold several more Soviet titles, including Commissariat of External Trade in relation to the film industry. MAXIM GORKY (1868-1936) was a Russian author often considered the "Father of Socialist Realism". His real name was Alexi Maximovich Peshkov, but he adopted the pseudonym "Gorky" which means "bitter". His works, noted for their stark realism, include the novel Mother (1906), the play The Lower Depths (1902), and the autobiographical trilogy Childhood (1914), In the World (1915), and My Universities (1923). Gorky was an early supporter of Lenin and the Bolshevik Party but he opposed the Russian Revolution of 1917 and criticized Lenin's dictatorship; however, he joined the government in 1919. He later wrote propaganda for Stalin. In his honor, his native city of Nizhny Novgorod was renamed Gorky in 1932. The "Herron" referred to by Adreyeva undoubtedly alludes to American socialist George Herron and his wife who were also living in a villa near Florence at this time. Toned and slightly soiled. Normal mailing folds. Light surface creases. Corners rounded. Small stains throughout. Otherwise, fine condition.


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MARIA ANDREYEVA  


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MARIA ANDREYEVA
Born: July 4, 1868 in Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: December 8, 1953 in Moscow, Russia





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