MARTIN DE MAYORGA and TEODORO DE CROIX
As Viceroy of New Spain and commander of the Northern provinces, they
issue a 16x23 proclamation forbidding trade with England, pursuant to Spain's
war with England arising from the American Revolution.
Document signed: Martin de Mayorga [Signed with his paraph below his
printed signature] as Viceroy of New Spain, and "De Croix" as
Commander of the Northern Provinces 16¼x23¼ De Mayorga has signed in
Mexico (City), 1779 December 14. De Croix has signed at Arizpe [Sonora, New
Spain], 1780 February 7. Partly printed document announcing the embargo
on trade with England declared by Charles III, King of Spain. Attached at bottom
is an additional sheet (8¼x9½) to record additional endorsements and docketing.
Endorsement by De Croix includes the statement that he is responsible for
publishing it in the Province. TEODORO DE CROIX (1730-1792) was a
French-born Spanish soldier and colonial official. After serving in the Spanish
king's bodyguard, he was sent to the Americas in 1766 as inspector of military
garrisons and commander of the fortress at Acapulco. In 1777, he took command
of the newly created General Command for the Northern Provinces, encompassing
Spanish California and Texas as well as northern Mexico. His mission was to
preserve order in the territory, suppress any revolt by Indian communities, and
guard the frontier against incursion by other colonial powers (France and
England). In 1783, de Croix was reassigned as Viceroy of Peru, where he
served until 1790. MARTIN DE MAYORGA Ferrer (1721-1783), also a
career Spanish officer, was Captain General of Guatemala (1773-1779)
before being named interim Viceroy of New Spain (1779-1783). As Viceroy
he improved sanitation in an effort to combat smallpox and other epidemics, and
collected and preserved historical records. He dispatched a small military force
to Florida to aid the American settlers fighting for independence from Britain.
Endorsements by subordinate officials are worthy of further research. Multiple
mailing folds. Worn and toned. Multiple notches and tears at edges. Edges frayed
and worn. Adhesive residue at edges. Corners chipped and torn. Some ink light
For more documents by these signers click the names below:
MARTIN DE MAYORGA TEODORO DE CROIX
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