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PATRICK F. "BIG CASINO" GARRETT - DOCUMENT SIGNED 10/24/1882 CO-SIGNED BY: SIMON B. NEWCOMB - HFSID 292978

 

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PAT GARRETT
A year after he gunned down fugitive Billy the Kid, Sheriff Garrett brings another man to justice, charged with keeping his saloon open on Sunday!
Autograph Endorsement signed: "Pat F. Garrett, Sheriff", on verso of an 8½x7 arrest warrant. Territory of New Mexico, 1882 October 24. Responding to a warrant ordering the arrest of Benjamin H. Ellis "to answer unto an Information for violating Sunday Laws." Garrett replies, in full: "I hereby certify that I served the within writ by arresting the body of the within named Ben H. Ellis and producing said body in court. [signature] Fee for service, commitment, return $2.50". Accompanied by document enumerating the charges, signed "S. B. Newcomb" as District Attorney. The accused, Ellis, is charged with keeping his saloon open on Sunday, and selling liquor, cigars and other merchandise to diverse persons. Also accompanied by unsigned postcard in an Old West Collectors Series, featuring a photo of Garrett. PAT GARRETT (1850-1908) was elected sheriff of Lincoln County, New Mexico in 1880. As Sheriff, he captured his onetime friend Billy the Kid, who had been accused of murder. The Kid killed two guards and escaped from jail just before he was to be hanged. On July 14, 1881, Garrett caught up with him at Fort Sumner, a military post near the town of Fort Sumner, New Mexico and shot him to death from ambush in a darkened house. It was in Fort Sumner that he met and married Apolonaria Gutierrez, with whom he had nine children. In April 1882, Garrett published The Authentic Life of Billy the Kid. He lost the next election for Sheriff of Lincoln County. In 1884, he ran for the territorial Senate and lost. He moved from Lincoln County to Tascosa, a settlement on the Canadian River, in the Texas Panhandle. He served as Captain of a unit of Texas Rangers that Texas Governor John Ireland had assigned to protect ranchers from cattle rustlers. Within weeks, Garrett quit the Texas Rangers and returned to southeastern New Mexico, this time to Roswell. He set up a scheme to irrigate the desert in an area with impoverished soil and bad water. In 1890, Garrett ran for Sheriff of Chavez County, which had been carved out of Lincoln County, with Roswell as the new county seat. He lost. In 1891, he moved to Uvalde, a community in south Texas where he raised and raced horses with 22-year-old John Nance Garner, future vice president of the United States under FDR (1933-1941). In this letter, he writes from Roswell to his wife in Uvalde about the land they had left two years earlier. Pat Garrett was shot to death by rancher Wayne Brazel because of a land dispute. A witness supported Brazel's claim of self-defense. Brazel was tried and found not guilty but people generally suspected that it was murder since Garrett's body showed a bullet in the back of the head as well as one in the stomach. SIMON B. NEWCOMB (1838-1908), born in Nova Scotia, practiced law in Ohio, and, after the Civil War, in Texas. As a district court judge in El Paso, he proved so unpopular that the courthouse required military protection. Newcomb moved on to New Mexico, where he became a member of the Territorial Council, District Attorney for the Third District (as shown here), and President of the New Mexico Bar Association. Lightly toned at edges. Multiple mailing folds. Notches at ending of folds. Corners lightly worn. Otherwise, fine condition. Accompanied document toned with mailing folds. Heavily torn at edges. Ink marks (unknown hand) not effecting signature. Otherwise, fine condition.



For more documents by these signers click the names below:

PATRICK F. GARRETT   SIMON B. NEWCOMB  


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PATRICK F. GARRETT
Born: June 5, 1850 in Cusseta, Alabama
Died: February 29, 1908 in Las Cruces, New Mexico





SIMON B. NEWCOMB

Died: Circa 1901



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