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PRESIDENT ANDREW JACKSON - CIVIL APPOINTMENT SIGNED 11/09/1830 CO-SIGNED BY: PRESIDENT MARTIN VAN BUREN - HFSID 287094
ANDREW JACKSON and MARTIN VAN BUREN
In a period of strained Franco-American relations, Jackson as President and
Van Buren as Secretary of State sign the appointment of Nathaniel Miles to the
US Legation in Paris.
Civil Appointment signed: "Andrew Jackson" as President, "M.
Van Buren" as Secretary of State, 1 page, 9x12½. Washington, 1830
November 9. Appointment of Nathaniel Niles as Secretary of the Legation of the
United States to the King of the French, authorized to perform all duties
pertaining to the office. Seal intact at lower left. ANDREW JACKSON
(1767-1845), the 7th President of the United States (1829-1837) was the
last President to have served in the Revolutionary War. He led US military
forces in many battles with American Indians of the Southeast, and became a
national hero by defeating the British Army at the Battle of New Orleans
(1815). Twice a US Senator from Tennessee (1797-1798, 1823-1825), "Old
Hickory" is remembered as a strong President who championed national unity.
While some of his policies were controversial, such as the forcible removal of
Indian populations on the "Trail of Tears," his advocacy of popular
participation in government shaped the modern Democratic Party. Jackson's
blunt forcefulness was apparent in his dealings with France, with whom
relations were strained due to unresolved US claims arising from French capture
of merchant vessels during the Napoleonic Wars. France agreed in principle to
pay the claims (July 1831), but a vote to appropriate the money failed to pass
the French legislature. The President told his advisors, "I know them French.
They won't pay unless they're made to," and sent a stern diplomatic message
threatening force if the claims were not paid. French public opinion was
outraged by this demand, and there was talk of war, but King Louis Philippe used
his influence, and the debt was paid in full in 1836, before Jackson left
office. MARTIN VAN BUREN (1782-1862), a shrewd politician known as "The
Little Magician" and "Old Kinderhook" (the origin of the term "OK", had been a
U.S. Senator(1821-1828), Governor of New York (1829). He was
Jackson's Secretary of State until April 1831, when he was appointed Minister
to Great Britain. Jackson quarreled bitterly with John C. Calhoun, Vice
President in his first term, and replaced him with Van Buren in his second
(1833-1837). Van Buren was himself elected President in 1836, but lost his
bid for re-election, in large measure because of a severe economic slump which
many historians attribute to Jackson's policies. Van Buren would run for
President again as candidate of the Free Soil Party in 1848. Nathaniel Niles,
Jr. (1791-1869) was a career diplomat. Heavily toned, soiled and creased.
Moisture stains at right and bottom edges. Paper seal at center left margin.
Edges irregularly cut. Corners and edges lightly worn. Pencil note (unknown
hand) on verso. Otherwise, fine condition.
For more documents by these signers click the names below:
PRESIDENT ANDREW JACKSON PRESIDENT MARTIN VAN BUREN
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