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PRESIDENT AURELIO MARIO GABRIEL FRANCISCO GARCIA MENOCAL Y DEOP (CUBA) - MANUSCRIPT DOCUMENT SIGNED 11/24/1895 - HFSID 218064

 

AURELIO MARIO GABRIEL FRANCISCO GARCIA MENOCAL Y DEOP
The Cuban lawyer and later President of Cuba writes an important letter to the Chief of the 4th Army Force informing him of the decision made by the Council Government regarding the switching of civil positions for many government functionaries, including the president himself
Manuscript Document Signed: "M.G. Menocal" in iron gall ink. 12¾x8½. Fully Translated in English: "Republic of Cuba, Camaguey. To the Chief of the 4th Army Force. The Council Government has agreed in the correspondent military considerations to the civil positions, deciding that the President of the Republic must held the one of "Generalisimo" (Supreme Major General); the Vice-president and the four Secretaries of State the ones of Major Generals; the ones from the Council the Brigadier ones,; the Chiefs of Department the ones from the State Secretary; Civil Governors and Treasure Administrators will have the Colonel positions; the H. Governors, Treasure Delegates and Secretary of Treasure, the Commandant position; the Prefects, Inspectors of workshops, Inspectors of letters and Inspectors of Communications the one of Captains: and the Sub prefects the one of Second Lieutenants. I tell you all this for your knowledge and decorous purposes. Novemeber 24, 1895. The secretary M. G. Menocal". Aurelio Mario Gabriel Francisco Garcia Menocal y Deop (1866-1941) was a Cuban who at the age of thirteen was sent to boarding schools in the United States, first at the Chappaqua Mountain Institute in New York and later at the Maryland Agricultural College. He went to Cornell University in 1884 and four years later he graduated from the School of Engineering. While at Cornell University, Aurelio Mario was a member of the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity (Delta Chi Chapter). At a young age he became involved in Cuba's fight for the independence from Spain and when Cuba finally obtained its freedom following the Spanish-American War, Garcia Menocal turned into a leading conservative politician. In 1912 Mario Garcia was elected President of Cuba and became known for the strong support he gave to business and corporations. He was reelected for years later, though the election was challenged by the liberals, and in perhaps his most notable action, Garcia Menocal authorized the Cuba's declaration of war against the German Empire on April 7, 1917, entering World War I one day after the United States. This action was considered by many as an attempt to get the United States to give more support to his government, and in December war was also declared against Austria-Hungary. While in office, Garcia Menocal hosted the Delta Kappa Epsilon National Convention, the first international fraternity conference outside the US, which took place in Cuba, and private trains were hired from New England to Florida where the invited people could travel in comfort and style, and upon arrival in Cuba each man was gifted a gold-trimmed box of cigars. The hospitality he gave is still remembered in the fraternity to this day. After his presidency ended in 1921, Garcia Menocal remained involved in politics, running for President again in 1924. He attempted a revolution in 1931, and had to go into exile in the United Sates when it failed, but returned to Cuba less than five years later and ran for President a final time in 1936 and died there in 1941.Multiple mailing folds. Lightly worn and soiled. Pinhead-size holes. Moth marks at fold. Mounting residue on verso. Otherwise, fine condition.


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PRESIDENT AURELIO MARIO GABRIEL FRANCISCO GARCIA MENOCAL Y DEOP (CUBA)  


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PRESIDENT AURELIO MARIO GABRIEL FRANCISCO GARCIA MENOCAL Y DEOP (CUBA)
Born: December 17, 1866 in Jag├╝ey Grande, Matanzas, Spanish Cuba
Died: September 7, 1941 in Santiago de Cuba, Cuba




Film Credits
1916 Animated Weekly, No. 9 (in person)


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