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Rare grant of land to a Miami Indian on the Wabash River.
Manuscript DS: "J. Tyler" as 10th U.S. President, 1p, 12½x22¾. On vellum. Washington, 1843 April 22. In part: "To all whom these Presents shall come, Greeting: Whereas by the twelfth article of the Treaty between the United States of America and the Miami Tribe of Indians made and concluded at the Forks of the Wabash, in the State of Indiana, on the sixth day of November, One thousand eight hundred and thirty eight, as ratified on the eighth day of February One thousand eight hundred and thirty nine, the United States agreed to grant to 'Kah-tah-mong-quah, son of Susan Richardville One half Section of land on the Wabash river below and adjoining the three Sections granted to John B. Richardville', which reserve is situated in Township twenty seven North, of Range seven East, of the second Meridian Indiana, and has been surveyed and designated as Survey number fifteen Containing Three hundred and twenty acres, and thirty one hundredths of an acre, according to the Map of Indian Grants certified by the Surveyor General on the 2d September 1840, and deposited in the General Land Office of the United States. Now Know ye, That there is therefore granted by the United States unto the said Kah-tah-mong-quah, son of Susan Richardville, and to his Heirs, the Tract of Land above described...." Countersigned: "J. Williamson" as Recorder of the General Land Office. When white explorers first encountered the Miami Indians, they lived in the Green Bay area of Wisconsin. Gradually, they split into various groups. Some groups settled along the Wabash River in Indiana. In the 1790s, the Miami Tribe played a prominent part in the Indian wars of the Ohio Valley. General Anthony Wayne defeated them at the Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794. After the War of 1812, most of the remaining Miami moved westward. By 1836, most Indian land in Indiana had been sold to the U.S. government. Some Indians were driven out by military force in 1838. Susan Richardville was a Miami Indian. After 1833, land grants were not required to be personally signed by the President. Very few authentically signed presidential land grants dated after 1833 are known to exist. This is one of them. Fine 1¾-inch paper seal of the General Land Office affixed with red wax at lower left. Yellowed at folds. Creased (not at signature). Lightly stained. Overall, fine condition and RARE IN SUBJECT AND IN MANUSCRIPT FORM.

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Born: March 29, 1790 in Charles City County, Virginia
Died: January 18, 1862 in Richmond, Virginia

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