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PRESIDENT PORFIRIO DIAZ (MEXICO) - DOCUMENT SIGNED 09/15/1877 - HFSID 256867

 

PORFIRIO DIAZ

The controversial Mexican President signs this beautifully decorated appreciation diploma to a veteran from the Independence War against Spain

Document Signed: “Porfirio Diaz” in iron gall ink.13¼x8½. One page. Dated: September 15, 1877. Fully Translated in English:The citizen Porfirio Diaz, Constitutional President of the United States of Mexico. In the name of the Nation, to the veteran of the Independence, Citizen Miguel Arroyo. Mexico, September 15, 1877. Porfirio Diaz”. JOSE DE LA CRUZ PORFIRIO DIAZ MORI (1830-1915) was the 29th President of Mexico, who served seven terms totaling three and a half decades between 1876 and 1911. Even though he had started his preparation to become a priest, he found out that his real vocation was the military and became a soldier and lawyer. As a veteran of the Reform War and the French intervention in Mexico, he rose to the rank of General, leading republican troops against Emperor Maximilian of Habsburg. Mexican historians have called his presidential term Porfiriato. Porfirio Diaz is a controversial historical figure, some consider him a heartless villain and others a man who did not hesitate to impose order and progress in the country. His presidency term is known for the enormous internal stability known as “paz porfiriana”, modernization and economic growth. Even though Porfirio Diaz made a heavy investment in mining and railways from American and British business his regime grew unpopular due to repression and political stagnation. Furthermore because his economic policies helped a few wealthy land owners to acquire huge areas of land that left rural farming peasants unable to make a living, thus resulting in few jobs and very low wages for the growing working population of Mexico. All of that directly originated the Mexican Revolution which main purpose was to remove him from power after he imprisoned his electoral rival and declared himself the winner of an eight term in office. Fearing for his life, he and his wife escaped to France, where he died in exile for years later. He is buried in Montparnasse cemetery in Paris. Even though in recent years some historians have started a deep re-analysis of his legacy and recognized the progress he brought to Mexico, some still considering him a dictator and proof of it is that his remains have not been returned to Mexico. Sealed. Toned and soiled. Surface defects. Pen notation on front (unknown hand). Otherwise, fine condition.



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PRESIDENT PORFIRIO DIAZ (MEXICO)  


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PRESIDENT PORFIRIO DIAZ (MEXICO)
Born: September 15, 1830 in Oaxaca, Mexico
Died: July 2, 1915 in Paris, France





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