TOMAS ESTRADA PALMA
The Cuban mandatary writes a letter to the President of the Cuban
House of Representatives to inform him that he had selected General Juan Rius
Rivera as Secretary of Government and Dr. Juan Francisco O' Farrill as Secretary
of State and Justice
Typed Letter Signed: "T. Estrada Palma" in iron gall ink.
10½x8. Fully Translated in English: "Habana, June 28, 1906. Sir.
President of the House of Representatives. Sir: I have the honor to communicate
to that Co-Legislator Body, through you, that using the faculties conferred to
me and due to the Special Mission of Extraordinary Envoy and Plenipotentiary
Minister given to the Secretary of Government, General Juan Rius Rivera, near of
the Governments of the Center and South American Republics, I have named Dr.
Juan Francisco O'Farrill, as Secretary of State and Justice, in order for him to
interim rule the Secretary of Government while the proprietor is gone. All
yours, with the greatest consideration, T. Estrada Palma." Tomás Estrada
Palma (1835-1908) led Cuban forces in the first war for Cuban
Independence (The Ten Years War), and was named President of the Republic in
Arms in 1876. Captured by Spanish troops in 1877, Estrada Palma was
released after the signing of a peace agreement (1878) which fell short of
granting Cuba independence. He moved to New York, and, when Cuban resistance to
Spanish rule resumed, worked in the U.S. to raise money, smuggle arms, and
inflame U.S. opinion against Spain. With Cuba's formal independence,
following the Spanish-American War (1898), Estrada Palma was elected President
with broad support (1901). He secured the withdrawal of U.S. troops from the
island, but at a high price: enactment of a low tariff and acceptance of a
treaty recognizing the Platt Amendment. The notorious Platt Amendment,
authored by U.S. Senator Orville Platt of Connecticut, stated: "...the
Government of Cuba consents that the United States may exercise the right to
intervene for the preservation of Cuban independence, the maintenance of
government adequate for the protection of life, property and individual
liberty." After Estrada Palma used controversial methods to assure his
re-election in 1906, broad resistance to his rule developed. He invoked the
Platt Amendment in a vain attempt to keep himself in power. President Teddy
Roosevelt did send U.S. Marines, but only to restore order after Estrada Palma's
resignation (September 28). This was the first of four U.S. military
interventions under the Platt Amendment, which was repealed by President
Franklin Roosevelt in 1934. (The U.S. still retains its base at Guantanamo,
acquired under another provision of the Platt Amendment.) Evenly toned, with
scattered foxing and soiling. Normal mailing folds. Staple holes at left edge.
Official stamps of the Cuban Secretary of the Presidency and the House of
Representatives. Otherwise, fine condition.
For more documents by these signers click the names below:
PRESIDENT TOMAS ESTRADA PALMA (CUBA)
This website image contains our company watermark. The actual document does not contain this watermark.