|SALLY K. RIDE|
Born: May 26, 1951 in Los Angeles, California
Died: July 23, 2012 in La Jolla, California
Sally K. Ride (Ph.D.)
NASA Astronaut (Deceased)
PERSONAL DATA: Born May 26, 1951, in Los Angeles, California. Died
on July 23, 2012. She is survived by Tam O'Shaughnessy, her partner of 27 years;
her mother, Joyce Ride; her sister, Bear; her niece, Caitlin and her nephew,
Whitney. Her father, Dale B. Ride, is deceased. She enjoyed tennis (having been
an instructor and having achieved national ranking as a junior), running,
volleyball, softball and stamp collecting.
EDUCATION: Graduated from Westlake High School, Los Angeles,
California, in 1968; received from Stanford University a Bachelor of Science in
Physics and a Bachelor of Arts in English in 1973 and a Master of Science and
Doctorate in Physics in 1975 and 1978, respectively.
EXPERIENCE: Dr. Ride was selected as an astronaut candidate by NASA
in January 1978. In August 1979, she completed a one-year training and
evaluation period, making her eligible for assignment as a Mission Specialist on
future space shuttle flight crews. She subsequently performed as an on-orbit
Capsule Communicator (CAPCOM) on the STS-2 and STS-3 missions.
Dr. Ride was a Mission Specialist on STS-7, which launched from Kennedy Space
Center, Florida, on June 18, 1983. She was accompanied by Captain Robert L.
Crippen (spacecraft commander), Captain Frederick H. Hauck (pilot), and fellow
Mission Specialists, Colonel John M. Fabian and Dr. Norman E. Thagard. This was
the second flight for the orbiter Challenger and the first mission with a
five-person crew. During the mission, the STS-7 crew deployed satellites for
Canada (ANIK C-2) and Indonesia (PALAPA B-1); operated the Canadian-built Remote
Manipulator System (RMS) to perform the first deployment and retrieval exercise
with the Shuttle Pallet Satellite (SPAS-01); conducted the first formation
flying of the orbiter with a free-flying satellite (SPAS-01); carried and
operated the first U.S./German cooperative materials science payload (OSTA-2)
and operated the Continuous Flow Electrophoresis System (CFES) and the
Monodisperse Latex Reactor (MLR) experiments, in addition to activating seven
Getaway Specials. Mission duration was 147 hours before landing on a lakebed
runway at Edwards Air Force Base, California, on June 24, 1983.
Dr. Ride served as a Mission Specialist on STS 41-G, which launched from
Kennedy Space Center on October 5, 1984. This was the largest crew to fly to
date and included Captain Robert L. Crippen (spacecraft commander), Captain Jon
A. McBride (pilot), fellow Mission Specialists, Dr. Kathryn D. Sullivan and
Commander David C. Leestma, as well as two payloads specialists, Commander Marc
Garneau and Paul Scully-Power. Their eight-day mission deployed the Earth
Radiation Budget Satellite, conducted scientific observations of the Earth with
the OSTS-3 pallet and Large Format Camera and as demonstrated potential
satellite refueling with a spacewalk and associated hydrazine transfer. Mission
duration was 197 hours and concluded with a landing at Kennedy Space Center on
October 13, 1984.
In June 1985, Dr. Ride was assigned to the crew of STS 61-M. Mission training
was terminated in January 1986 following the space shuttle Challenger accident.
Dr. Ride served as a member of the Presidential Commission investigating the
accident. Upon completion of the investigation, she was assigned to NASA
Headquarters as Special Assistant to the Administrator for long-range and
In 1989, Dr. Ride joined the faculty at the University of California San
Diego as a Professor of Physics and Director of the University of California's
California Space Institute. In 2001, she founded her own company, Sally Ride Science to pursue
her long-time passion of motivating girls and young women to pursue careers in
science, math and technology. The company creates entertaining science programs
and publications for upper elementary and middle school students and their
parents and teachers.
A long-time advocate for improved science education, Dr. Ride has written
five science books for children: To Space and Back; Voyager;
The Third Planet; The Mystery of Mars and Exploring Our Solar
System. She has also initiated and directed education projects designed to
fuel middle school students' fascination with science.
Dr. Ride was a member of the President's Committee of Advisors on Science and
Technology and the National Research Council's Space Studies Board and has
served on the boards of the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment, the
Carnegie Institution of Washington and the National Collegiate Athletic
Association (NCAA) Foundation. Dr. Ride is a Fellow of the American Physical
Society, a member of the Pacific Council on International Policy and served on
the boards of the Aerospace Corporation and the California Institute of
Technology. She is the only person to have served on the commissions
investigating both the space shuttle Challenger and Columbia accidents.
Dr. Ride received numerous honors and awards. She was inducted into the
National Women's Hall of Fame and the Astronaut Hall of Fame and has received
the Jefferson Award for Public Service, the von Braun Award, the Lindbergh Eagle
and the NCAA's Theodore Roosevelt Award. She has also twice been awarded the
NASA Space Flight Medal.
MAJOR GENERAL VALENTINA TERESHKOVA
Born: March 6, 1937 in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russian SFSR
Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova was born 6 March
1937, is a retired Soviet cosmonaut and the first woman to have flown in space,
having been selected from more than four hundred applicants and five finalists
to pilot Vostok 6 on 16 June 1963. In order to join the Cosmonaut Corps,
Tereshkova was only honorarily inducted into the Soviet Air Force and thus she
also became the first civilian to fly in space. During her three-day mission,
she performed various tests on herself to collect data on the female body's
reaction to spaceflight.
Before being recruited as a cosmonaut,
Tereshkova was a textile factory assembly worker and an amateur parachutist.
After the dissolution of the first group of female cosmonauts in 1969, she
became a prominent member of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, holding
various political offices. She remained politically active following the
collapse of the Soviet Union and is still revered as a heroine in post-Soviet
2011 Love, Hate & Propaganda: The Cold War (Other), 2009 Cosmonaut (Other), 1998 Cold War (Other), 1991 Far from St. Petersburg (Editing), 1991 Far from St. Petersburg (in person), 1973 Wer die Erde liebt (in person), 1972 Valentina Tereshkova (in person), 1963 Geliebt von Millionen (in person)
MAJOR GENERAL VALERI BYKOVSKY
Born: August 2, 1934 in Pavlovsky Posad, Soviet Union
Valery Fyodorovich Bykovsky was born 2 August 1934, Pavlovsky Posad. He is a
retired Soviet cosmonaut who flew three manned space mission space flights:
Vostok 5, Soyuz 22, and Soyuz 31. He was also backup for Vostok 3 and Soyuz
Bykovsky set a space endurance record when he spent five days in orbit aboard
Vostok 5 in 1963. Although this flight duration has long since been surpassed by
crews of more than one person, to this day it remains the endurance record for a
Bykovsky was to have commanded the original Soyuz
2 mission, which was cancelled due to problems with Soyuz 1. After the
parachutes failed on that mission, killing Vladimir Komarov, the same problem
was found with the Soyuz 2 capsule, which meant if the mission had flown,
Bykovsky and his crew would also have been killed.
Many of his
later years in the space programme were involved with promoting the Intercosmos
programme amongst the world's Socialist nations. He retired in 1988 and then
spent three years as the Director of the House of Soviet Science and Culture in