About passing laws "which prevent cruelty to our 'dumb
Manuscript LS: "Simon Cameron" as U.S. Senator, 1p, 5¼x8. Washington, 1872 April 20. To William F.
Pettit, Philadelphia. In full: "I have this day endorsed your note,
and that of Miss Pennington, to Mr. Frelinghuysen who succeeded me as Chairman
of the Committee having in charge the bill to which she refers. Be kind enough
to assure her of my voice and vote being enthusiastically in favor of the just
and merciful measure she favors. I make no doubt we shall succeed in engrafting
on our laws soon the elevating act which prevent cruelty to our 'dumb friends'
and, at the same time, secures additional health to ourselves." On April
23, 1872, three days after Cameron wrote this letter, it was reported in
the Journal of the Senate that Mr. Frelinghuysen, from the Committee on
Agriculture, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. 694) to prevent cruelty to
animals while in transit by railroad or other means of transportation within the
United States, reported it without amendment. Passed by Congress and signed
into law by President Grant in 1873, it provided that "Animals [were] not to be
carried in cars or vessels for more than twenty-eight consecutive hours without
being unloaded for rest, food, &c., for five consecutive hours, unless,
&c. to be fed and watered". The American Society for the Prevention of
Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) was founded in 1866 "to promote humane principles,
prevent cruelty, and alleviate fear, pain, and suffering in animals".
SIMON CAMERON (1799-1889), U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania
(1845-1849, 1857-1861, 1867-1877), was Lincoln's Secretary of War (1861-1862)
and Minister to Russia (1862). FREDERICK T. FRELINGHUYSEN was U.S.
Senator from New Jersey (1866-1869, 1871-1877) and Arthur's Secretary of State
(1881-1885). ¼-inch separation at right blank horizontal fold. Slightly shaded
edges. Fine condition.
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