Handwritten letter suggesting the resignation of a court
Autograph Letter signed: "T. Ewing", 1p, 8x10. Lancaster,
1839 October 17. In full: "Is Mrs. Covens in Chillicothe? Perhaps on
consultation we may want her to resign her office of Secretary on the first day
of court." With stained and soiled integral leaf addressed in another
hand to: "B.G. Leonard Esq./Chillicothe/O." Postmarked Lancaster, Oct.
18. Thomas Ewing (1789-1871) served as U.S. Senator from Ohio from
1831-1837. President William Henry Harrison appointed him Secretary of the
Treasury March 5, 1841. Harrison died on April 4, 1841 and was succeeded by
Vice President John Tyler. Ewing served until September 13, 1841, when
Tyler's Cabinet, with the notable exception of Secretary of State Daniel
Webster, resigned in protest to a Tyler veto of a financial bill. Ewing
was the first U.S. Secretary of the Interior, appointed by President Zachary
Taylor, serving from March 8, 1849 to July 23, 1850. He resigned to return to
the Senate, filling an unexpired term but defeated for re-election. Ewing was
the foster father of Union general William Tecumseh Sherman (who was baptized in
Ewing's home), and later Sherman's father in law. His son, Thomas Ewing,
Jr., was also a Union general in the Civil War. President Andrew Johnson
nominated Ewing for another Cabinet post, Secretary of War, in 1868, but the
Senate, enraged at the firing of Secretary William Stanton, refused to consider
his nomination. Usual folds, one vertical through "w" in Ewing, horizontal
fold touches the top of "T" and "E". Light soil marks, none at signature.
Lightly creased. Overall, fine condition.
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