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His signed, handwritten instructions as Secretary of War, on a printed document, telling Pennsylvanian M. C. Ewing to report for an admissions examination at West Point (1822)
Partly Printed Document signed: "J. C. Calhoun" as Secretary of War, 1 page, 7¾x9¾. Department of War, 1822 March 22. On a printed letter instructing the recipient to report to the Superintendent at West Point for an admissions examination, and detailing the admissions qualifications, Calhoun has penned the name of the applicant: "M. C. Ewing/Penns." and handwritten the following: "Your acceptance must be accompanied by a declaration from your Parent or Guardian, as the case may be, giving consent to your signing Articles binding you to serve five years unless sooner discharged." South Carolinian JOHN C. CALHOUN (1782-1850) entered Congress in 1811 as an ardent nationalist, a "War Hawk" eager for war with Britain, but his defense of slavery and southern regional interests eventually led him to enunciate the doctrines "nullification" (by states of federal laws they deemed unconstitutional) and "concurrent majority" (whereby no national laws could be enacted without the support of all the country's regions). Until the end of his life, however, Calhoun always hoped to preserve the Union. Calhoun served as President James Monroe's Secretary of War (1817-1825) and Vice President under John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson (1825-1832), resigning in 1832 to serve as U. S. Senator from South Carolina (1832-1843, 1845-1850). He was also President John Tyler's Secretary of State (1844-1845). The US Military Academy at West Point has been training America's elite military leaders since its founding in 1802. M. C. Ewing was accepted as a West Point cadet. As of 1830 he was a second lieutenant of the 4th US Artillery, stationed in Washington, and was promoted subsequently to first lieutenant. His resignation from the army was accepted in 1836. Toned and lightly foxed. Edges notched at fold creases. Soiled. Corners worn. Otherwise, fine condition.

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Born: March 18, 1782 in Abbeville, South Carolina
Died: March 31, 1850 in Washington, District of Columbia

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