WILLIAM L. MARCY
As Governor of New York, he apologizes for tardy payment of a
Autograph Letter signed: "W. L. Marcy", 1 page, 8x10.
Albany, 1836 July 19. "To Dr. John Fossy [?]", in full:
"When I wrote you a few days ago, it did not occur to me that I had
neglected, as I think I have to forward you a commission. Enclosed you will
receive one which I ought to have sent about the time of its date. Yours etc".
William L. Marcy (1786-1857) served as U.S. Senator from New
York (1831-1832), Governor of New York (1833-1839),
Polk's Secretary of War (1845-1849) and Pierce's Secretary of
State (1853-1857). As Secretary of State, Marcy, who would be
instrumental in opening trade with Japan, negotiated twenty-four treaties,
including the important Gadsden Treaty with Mexico and the Reciprocity Treaty
with Great Britain, and pacts with the Netherlands, Denmark and the Argentine
Confederation in addition to Peru. In 1832, he had commented "To the victors
belong the spoils" justifying the replacement of defeated party government
workers with those of the victorious party, coining the term "spoils system".
He was a leader of the "Hunker" faction of the Democratic Party,
which sought compromise on the slavery issue. Marcy's loss to William Seward in
the gubernatorial election of 1838 represented a fundamental shift in New York
politics. Multiple mailing folds. Heavily toned along edges. Ink lightly
smeared. Corners worn. Top left corner creased.
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WILLIAM L. MARCY
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