Manuscript Letter to President Grant from his Secretary of the
Manuscript Letter signed: "Z Chandler" as Secretary of the
Interior, 1 page, 7½x10. Department of the Interior, Washington, 1876
July 1. To the President [Grant], in full: "I have the honor to
return herewith, the bill - S. 375 - entitled, 'An Act for the Relief of Maria
W. Sanders', and to state that I am aware of no just reasons why the same should
not receive your approval. I have the honor to be, with great respect, your
obedient servant". Originally a Detroit business man, Zachariah
Chandler (1813-1879) detested slavery, helped fund the Underground Railroad
(of which Detroit was an important terminus), and helped escort anti-slavery
voters to the polls through crowds of pro-slavery toughs who were trying to
intimidate them. Elected Mayor of Detroit in 1851, Chandler was a founder of
the Republican Party (1854). He represented Michigan in the US Senate
(1857-1875), emerging as one of its most radical members: highly critical of
President Lincoln for not moving swiftly enough to abolish slavery. He was
one of the first to call for President Johnson's impeachment. Defeated in
his bid for a fourth term, Chandler joined the Grant Cabinet as Secretary of
the Interior (1875-1877), working to root out corruption in the Bureau of
Indian Affairs. Returned to the Senate in 1879, Chandler had Presidential
ambitions, but died unexpectedly in his Chicago hotel room while preparing
to deliver a speech. Multiple mailing folds. Lightly toned at edges. creased.
Otherwise, fine condition.
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