ADMIRAL ROBERT E. PEARY - MEMORANDUM SIGNED 04/21/1917 - HFSID 3554
Sale Price $360.00
ROBERT PEARY. Carbon Typed Memorandum: "Peary" in ink as Chairman, 1p, 8½x10¾. Washington, D.C., 1917 April 21. On letterhead of National Aerial Coast Guard Patrol Commission to "The Judge Advocate General of the Army." Subject: "Application of Robert W. Claiborne to do legal services in the Judge Advocate General's Department during the war." In full: "The undersigned, wishes to endorse the offer of service made by Mr. Robert W. Claiborne, an attorney of Petersburg, Va. for legal duty in the Judge Advocate General's Department, United States Army, for the period of the present war. The undersigned has reason to believe that Mr. Caliborne is well fitted for such duties, and would be found capable and trustworthy." In 1916, Peary, who had become interested in aviation, raised $250,000 on a 20-city fund raising tour to found the National Aerial Coast Guard Patrol Commission. That year, he became chairman of the organization, which established four bases on the East Coast by the latter half of WWI. In 1917, the year he signed this memo, Peary was diagnosed with pernicious anemia, which was untreatable at the time. He succumbed to the disease in 1920. Robert Edwin Peary (1856-1920) became a Civil Engineer in the U.S. Navy in 1881, and in that capacity explored Greenland in 1886 on the first of his seven polar expeditions. On July 17, 1908, after three unsuccessful attempts to reach the North Pole, he set out on another polar expedition. On April 6, 1909, he and a small party, including his assistant, Matthew Henson, and four Inuit, became the first to reach the North Pole. Although another American, Frederick A. Cook, had claimed to have reached the Pole five days later, Cook's claim was later refuted. In 1911, the year he retired from the Navy with the rank of Rear Admiral, Congress officially recognized Peary's achievement. Type light but completely legible. Creased with folds, not at signature. ½-inch tear at upper left blank edge, staple holes at upper left margin. Lightly soiled from carbon. Type transfer affects listing of the names of the "Central Committee". Overall, fine condition.
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