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ALBERT EINSTEIN - AUTOGRAPH STATEMENT SIGNED CIRCA 1931 - HFSID 35696

Handwritten statement in German [translated here] to the Pacifist Students of Southern California, supporting their cause: "I am rather convinced that the pacifistic activities of student youth are of great importance." He refers the students to a recent speech on the topic.

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Reg. $9,000.00

Condition: lightly creased, otherwise fine condition
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ALBERT EINSTEIN
Handwritten statement in German [translated here] to the Pacifist Students of Southern California, supporting their cause: "I am rather convinced that the pacifistic activities of student youth are of great importance." He refers the students to a recent speech on the topic.
Autograph Statement signed: "A.E." in pencil, 1p, 8½x11. No place, no date. "To the Pacifist Students of Southern California". In German, translated in full: "I had already written a short address for your meeting. It has now been pointed out to me that there would be significant problems as a result of my coming to your meeting because I have already turned down several similar invitations. Further, it is not in the sense of the Oberlaender Trust to whom I am indebted for my trip this year to California wishes that the effect of the speech held under its auspices be affected in its effective from more or less similar speeches by me of fairly similar content. I have therefore been forced to decide retroactively to stay away from your presentation. However, please do not think therefore that it is less near to my heart. I am rather convinced that the decisive pacifistic activities of student youth are of great importance. With respect to what is especially close to my heart is important to me, I refer you to my speech on Monday in the Civic Auditorium which is broadcast by radio. With the most heartfelt wishes for your presentation". This corrected handwritten letter was most probably given by Einstein to be typed and given to whomever was in charge of the meeting of the Pacifist Students of Southern California. German-born Albert Einstein had published his special theory of relativity in 1905. His general theory followed in 1916. He was awarded the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his services to Theoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect". In 1931, Einstein traveled to California, paid for by the Oberlaender Trust of the Carl Schurz Memorial Foundation, a nonprofit group dedicated to preserving the cultural heritage of German-Americans, just founded in Chicago in 1930. The speech referred to by Einstein was delivered on Monday, February 16, 1931, in the Civic Auditorium at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena. From this speech, as quoted in "The New York Times" on February 17, 1931: "It is not enough that you should understand about applied science in order that your work may increase man's blessings. Concern for the man himself and his fate must always form the chief interest of all technical endeavors; concern for the great unsolved problems of the organization of labor and the distribution of goods in order that the creations of our mind shall be a blessing and not a curse to mankind. Never forget this in the midst of your diagrams and equations." Albert Einstein prior to the 1930s was a Pacifist in the pure definition of the movement. He had been an ardent lecturer on the subject. However, he tempered his position as a Pacifist upon experiencing firsthand, Germany's threat to peace in Europe. In fact, he credited Pacifism on behalf of Britain, France and the U.S., as a major cause in fueling Hitler's rise to power and Germany's war against the world. Einstein made three trips to the U.S. staying primarily at the California Institute of Technology during winter semesters between 1930 and 1932. In his 1931 visit he lectured extensively there on Pacifism, causing concern which, as is noted by biographer Ronald W. Clark states in his biography, Einstein The Life and Times, (1971), page 445: "Hand in hand with his scientific work went a long series of pacifist statements which gravely worried [Robert] J. Millikan and were to have their effect on Einstein's visit the following year." After his stay at the California Institute of Technology, Einstein returned to his homeland. In August 1932, Einstein once again left Germany. While he was abroad, Hitler and the Nazis came to power. In 1933, Einstein accepted a position at the newly-created Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton. By 1935, Einstein had decided not to return to Germany. He remained at the Princeton Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton University until his death in 1955. Lightly creased. "E" in signature was written by Einstein over a minor defect in the sheet of paper. Tattered top edge probably from being torn from a pad. Otherwise, fine condition.

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