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ALBERT SPEER - TYPED LETTER SIGNED 09/27/1977 - HFSID 264300

ALBERT SPEER A letter signed by the German engineer who was found guilty of war crimes after Nazi Germany's fall! TLS: "Albert Speer", 1p, 8¼x11. Heidelberg, West Germany, 1977 September 27. On his personal letterhead to Mr. Manzi.

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ALBERT SPEER A letter signed by the German engineer who was found guilty of war crimes after Nazi Germany's fall! TLS: "Albert Speer", 1p, 8¼x11. Heidelberg, West Germany, 1977 September 27. On his personal letterhead to Mr. Manzi. In full: "I am in receipt of your letter of 5th August and have read its contents with interest, although the reports on the Rorschach tests were already known to me. In my case, the test itself was something of a farce: I did not feel inclined to submit to a psychology test but did not want to disappoint Dr. Gilbert by refusing. The result was that my interpretation of the various inkblots was intentionally absurd, ridiculous which makes the reading of my character based on this test completely false. Of course, I was not to know that the fun I allowed myself with Dr. Gilbert would many years later result in the said deductions. I regret that I have no material for your museum available at present. If you would care to contact me again in a year or two, I may be able to let you have [handwritten insertion: "Photostats of"] some documents which I no longer need for my work. Sincerely." The Nuremberg Mind : The Psychology of the Nazi Leaders, by Florence R. Miale and Michael Selzer, was published in 1975. It includes an introduction and Rorschach records by DR. GUSTAVE M. GILBERT. This is what Speer refers to in this letter. Gilbert was an American intelligence officer who, in his capacity as prison psychologist at the Nuremberg jail, had unlimited free access to the top Nazi leaders throughout their trial. After the war, he pursued a teaching and writing career in psychology. In 1961, he wrote Nuremberg Diary. Gilbert was 65 when he died in 1977. An architect, ALBERT SPEER (1905-1981) was appointed Inspector-General of the Reich by Hitler in 1937. He was responsible for rebuilding Berlin and other German cities in the neo-classical, monumental style Hitler favored. Speer was Reich Minister for Armaments and War Production from 1942-1945, virtually controlling all German production during the later stages of the war. Remarkably, he increased German output of most types of war material, even while the Third Reich was shrinking and subject to intense air bombardment. Speer did so, however, with increasing reliance on forced labor. At Nuremberg, Speer was found guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity, but it was noted that "in the closing stages of the war he was one of the few men who had the courage to tell Hitler that the war was lost and to take steps to prevent the senseless destruction of production facilities." Speer was sentenced to 20 years imprisonment (the Soviets wanted to hang him) and was released in 1966. He died during a visit to London. Speer's memoirs portray a man beguiled by Hitler but largely unaware of the enormity of Nazi crimes against humanity. Noting his intimacy with Hitler, and relying on other evidence, most historians attribute a much greater degree of guilt to Speer. Lightly creased, horizontal fold touches the upper portion of the "A" in Albert. Light horizontal glue stains at margins from prior mounting. Nicked at lower left edge. Otherwise, fine condition.

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