|COLONEL FRANK BORMAN|
Born: March 14, 1928 in Gary, Indiana
A hero of the American Space Odyssey, Frank Borman led
the first team of American astronauts to circle the moon, extending man's
horizons into space. He is internationally known as Commander of the 1968 Apollo
8 Mission. A romance with airplanes that began when he was 15 years old, took
Frank Borman to the Air Force and then to NASA.
A career Air Force officer from 1950, his assignments
included service as a fighter pilot, an operational pilot and instructor, an
experimental test pilot and an assistant professor of Thermodynamics and Fluid
Mechanics at West Point. When selected by NASA, Frank Borman was instructor at
the Aerospace Research Pilot School at Edwards AFB, California.
In 1967 he served as a member of the Apollo 204 Fire Investigation Board,
investigating the causes of the fire which killed three astronauts aboard an
Apollo spacecraft, reminiscent of the Challenger tragedy. Later he became the Apollo Program
Resident Manager, heading the team that re-engineered the Apollo spacecraft. He
also served as Field Director of NASA's Space Station Task Force.
Frank Borman retired from the air Force in 1970, but is
well remembered as a part of this nation's history, a pioneer in the exploration
of space and a veteran of both the Gemini 7, 1965 Space Orbital Rendezvous with
Gemini 6 and the first manned lunar orbital mission, Apollo 8, in 1968.
Borman's retirement from the Air Force in 1970 did not
end his aviation career. He became a special advisor to Eastern Airlines in
early 1969 and in December 1970 was named Sr. Vice President-Operations
He was promoted to Executive Vice President-Genera
Operations Manager and was elected to Eastern's Board of Directors in July 1974.
In May 1975 he was elected President and Chief Operating Officer. He was named
Chief Executive Officer in December 1975 and became Chairman of the Board in
During his tenure as Chief Executive Officer of Eastern,
the airline industry went through an enormous change caused by deregulation.
During this period Eastern originated several unique programs including profit
sharing and wages tied to company profitability. These programs produced the
four most profitable years in the company's history. A recalcitrant union forced
their abandonment in 1983 and the resulting loses led to the sale of the airline
to Texas Air Corporation. Colonel Borman retired from Eastern Airlines in June
Colonel Borman was privileged to serve as Special
Presidential Ambassador on trips throughout the Far East and Europe, including a
worldwide tour to seek support for the release of American Prisoners of war held
by North Vietnam.
He received the Congressional Space Medal of Honor from
the President of the United States. Colonel Borman also was awarded the Harmon
International Aviation Trophy, the Robert J. Collier Trophy, the Tony Jannus
Award and the National Geographic Society's Hubbard Medal--in addition to many
honorary degrees, special honors and service decorations. More recently, in
September of 1990, Colonel Borman along with fellow Apollo 8 astronauts, Lovell
and Anders, was inducted into the International Aerospace Hall of Fame. And in
October of 1990 received the Airport Operators Council International Downes
Award. In March 1993, he was inducted into the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame.
Frank Borman was born in Gary, Indiana, and was raised
in Tucson, Arizona. He earned a Bachelor of Science degree from the U.S.
Military Academy, West Point, in 1950 and a Master of Science degree in
Aeronautical Engineering from the California Institute of Technology in 1957. He
completed the Harvard Business School's Advanced Management Program in 1970.
Frank Borman is currently a member of the Board of Directors of the Home
Depot, National Geographic, Outboard Marine Corporation, Auto Finance Group,
Thermo Instrument Systems and American Superconductor. He was named Chief
Executive Office of Patlex Corporation in the spring of 1988, and presently
holds the titles of Chairman, CEO and President of that Corporation. He has
written an autobiography entitled Countdown: An Autobiography of Frank Borman with Robert
J. Serling, released October of 1988 and published by Silver Arrow Books,
William Morrow and Company, Inc.
He is married to the former Susan Bugbee of Tucson,
Arizona. They have two sons, Frederick and Edwin, and four grandchildren. Frank
and Susan presently reside in Las Cruces, New Mexico.
CAPTAIN JAMES A. LOVELL
Born: March 25, 1928 in Cleveland, Ohio
James A. Lovell (Captain, U.S. Navy, Retired)
NASA Astronaut NASA
PERSONAL DATA: Born in Cleveland, Ohio, on March 25, 1928. Married
to the former Marilyn Gerlach, of Milwaukee, Wisconsin. They have four
EDUCATION: University of Wisconsin; United States Naval Academy,
bachelor of science, 1952; Test Pilot School, NATC, Patuxent River, Maryland,
1958; Aviation Safety School, University of Southern California, 1961; Advanced
Management Program, Harvard Business School, 1971; honorary doctorates from
Rockhurst college, Illinois Wesleyan University, Western Michigan University,
Mary Hardin-Baylor College and Milwaukee School of Engineering.
SPECIAL HONORS: Eagle Scout; Sam Houston Area Council 1976
Distinguished Eagle Scout Award; Presidential Medal for Freedom, 1970; NASA
Distinguished Service Medal; two Navy Distinguished Flying Crosses; 1967 FAI De
Laval and Gold Space Medals (Athens, Greece); the American Academy of
Achievement Golden Plate Award; City of New York Gold Medal in 1969; City of
Houston Medal for Valor in 1969; the National Academy of Television Arts and
Sciences special Trustees Award, 1969; the Institute of Navigation Award, 1969;
the University of Wisconsin's Distinguished Alumni Service Award, 1970;
co-recipient of the American Astronautical Society Flight Achievement Awards,
1966 and 1968; the Harmon International Trophy, 1966, 1967 and 1969; the Robert
H. Goddard Memorial Trophy, 1969; the H. H. Arnold Trophy, 1969; General Thomas
D. White USAF Space Trophy, 1969; Robert J. Collier Trophy, 1968; Henry G.
Bennett Distinguished Service Award; and the AIAA Haley Astronautics Award,
AFFILIATIONS: Trustee of the National Space Institute; Fellow of the
Society of Experimental Test Pilots; member Explorers Club; Fellow - American
Astronautical Society; Captain Lovell is on the Board of Directors of the
Federal Signal Corporation; Astronautics Corporation of America; Astronaut
Memorial Foundation; Captain Lovell is also on the Sports Medicine Advisory
Board at Rush Presbyterian - St. Lukes Medical Center. He is a regent emeritus
for the Milwaukee School of Engineering; on the board of trustees of Lake Forest
College; a trustee of the National Space Institute, the Association of Space
Explorers; and the Chairman of the National Eagle Scouts
EXPERIENCE: During his Naval career he has had numerous aviator
assignments, including a 4-year tour as a test pilot at the Naval Air Test
Center, Patuxent River, Maryland.
While there he served as Program Manager for the F4H "Phantom" Fighter. A
graduate of the Aviation Safety School of the University of Southern California,
he also served as Safety Engineer with the Fighter Squadron 101 at the Naval Air
Station, Oceana, Virginia.
He has logged more than 7,000 hours flying time--more than 3,500 hours in jet
NASA EXPERIENCE: Captain Lovell was selected as an Astronaut by NASA
in September 1962. He has since served as backup pilot for the Gemini 4 flight
and backup Commander for the Gemini 9 flight, as well as backup Commander to
Neil Armstrong for the Apollo 11 lunar landing mission.
On December 4, 1965, he and Frank Borman were launched into space on the
history-making Gemini 7 mission. The flight lasted 330 hours and 35 minutes and
included the first rendezvous of two manned maneuverable spacecraft.
The Gemini 12 mission, commanded by Lovell with Pilot Edwin Aldrin, began on
November 11, 1966. This 4-day, 59-revolution flight brought the Gemini program
to a successful close. Lovell served as Command Module Pilot and Navigator on
the epic six-day journey of Apollo 8 - man's maiden voyage to the moon -
December 21-27, 1968. Apollo 8 was the first manned spacecraft to be lifted into
near-earth orbit by a 7-1/2 million pound thrust Saturn V launch vehicle; and
Lovell and fellow crewmen, Frank Borman and William A. Anders, became the first
humans to leave the Earth's gravitational influence.
He completed his fourth mission as Spacecraft Commander of the Apollo 13
flight, April 11-17, 1970, and became the first man to journey twice to the
moon. Apollo 13 was programmed for ten days. However, the original flight plan
was modified en route to the moon due to a failure of the Service Module
cryogenic oxygen system. Lovell and fellow crewmen, John L. Swigert and Fred W.
Haise, working closely with Houston ground controllers, converted their lunar
module "Aquarius" into an effective lifeboat. Their emergency activation and
operation of lunar module systems conserved both electrical power and water in
sufficient supply to assure their safety and survival while in space and for the
return to earth.
Captain Lovell held the record for time in space with a total of 715 hours
and 5 minutes until surpassed by the Skylab flights.
On March 1, 1973, Captain Lovell retired from the Navy and from the Space
Program to join Bay-Houston Towing Company in Houston, Texas. Bay-Houston Towing
company is a diversified company involved in harbor and coastwise towing, mining
and marketing of peat products for the lawn and garden industry, and ranching.
He was promoted to the position of President and Chief Executive Officer on
March 1, 1975.
BUSINESS BACKGROUND: On January 1, 1977, Captain Lovell became
President of Fisk Telephone Systems, Inc. in Houston, Texas (marketing business
communications equipment) in the southwestern United States. On January 1, 1981,
he was appointed Group Vice President, Business Communications Systems, a Centel
Corporation. He retired from Centel Corp as Executive Vice President and member
of Board of Directors on January 1, 1991.
SPECIAL ASSIGNMENT: President Lyndon B. Johnson appointed Captain
Lovell as his consultant for Physical Fitness and Sports in June, 1967. When the
Physical Fitness Council was revised under President Nixon in 1970, Captain
Lovell was assigned the additional duty of Chairman of the Council. After eleven
years of performing his dual role with the Council, he relinquished these
positions in 1978. However, he is still a Consultant to the Council and is
presently assisting the Council in achieving its objective of making all
citizens aware of the importance of being physically fit. The office of the
President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports is located in Washington,
DIRECTORSHIPS: Federal Signal Corporation, Chicago Astronautics
Corp. of America, Milwaukee.