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BRIGADIER GENERAL EDWARD DAVIS TOWNSEND - CLIPPED SIGNATURE CO-SIGNED BY: BRIGADIER GENERAL JOSEPH HOLT, WILLIAM NATHAN HARRELL SMITH - HFSID 291730

Two Union generals, both key organizers of victory, and a Confederate politician, are affixed here. Holt was the chief prosecutor in the trial of conspirators after Lincoln's assassination.

Sale Price $450.00

Reg. $500.00

Condition: fine condition
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CIVIL WAR LEADERS: JOSEPH HOLT, EDWARD TOWNSEND and WILLIAM N. H. SMITH

Two Union generals, both key organizers of victory, and a Confederate politician, are affixed here. Holt was the chief prosecutor in the trial of conspirators after Lincoln's assassination.

Signatures: "E D Townsend [Adjutant General]/U.S.A.". "Respectfully etc./yours/W. NH Smith", "J. Holt/Judge Adv. General/U.S.A.". Clipped signatures of the following sizes: Townsend, 2x1; Smith 3½x5½; Holt 2½x1¼, all affixed to a fragment of a printed document, 8¼x4¼. These names are not as famous as the leaders who led forces in combat, successfully or not, but Holt and Townsend were key organizers of the Union victory. JOSEPH HOLT (1807-1894) served as Buchanan's Postmaster General (1859-1861) and Secretary of War ad interim (1861). Although he had been a Stephen A. Douglas Democrat in the election of 1860, Holt gave his earnest support to the Lincoln administration, denounced the policy of "neutrality" in his native state of Kentucky and advocated the Union cause there and elsewhere. He was appointed Judge Advocate General of the Army by President Lincoln and was chief prosecutor at the trial of the conspirators who participated in Lincoln's assassination. Holt had declined two offers of Cabinet posts in the Lincoln administration, and was considered as a possible running mate in Lincoln's 1864 re-election ticket. He remained Judge Advocate General until 1875, the first in that position to hold the rank of brigadier general. EDWARD DAVIS TOWNSEND (1817-1893) joined the Adjutant General's office in Washington, D.C. in 1861, serving under Adjutant General Lorenzo Thomas. During the Civil War, Townsend, who initiated the gathering of papers for the Official Records of the war, was the principal executive officer of the War Department, working closely with President Abraham Lincoln and Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton. Townsend was brevetted Brigadier General on September 24, 1864 and Major General in March 1865 (for "faithful, meritorious, and distinguished services in the adjutant-general's department during the rebellion."). After being promoted to Adjutant General of the Army in February 1869, Townsend organized plans for a U.S. military prison, urging legislation on the subject and establishing the prison at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. WILLIAM NATHAN HARRELL SMITH (1812-1889) represented North Carolina in the US Congress (1859-1861) and Confederate Congress (1862-1865). He was a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1868, and Chief Justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court (1878-1889). All heavily toned with irregularly cut edges. Edges and corners worn. Otherwise, fine condition.


 

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