BRIGADIER GENERAL JOHN H. WINDER - AUTOGRAPH ENDORSEMENT SIGNED - HFSID 273019
JOHN H. WINDER John H. Winder signs an autograph endorsement. Autograph Endorsement signed: "J.H.W." in pencil, 1p, 7¾x5¼. No place, no date. In full: "Give orders to have these men arrested & renew the order to arrest all soldiers as sent you
Sale Price $1,120.00
JOHN H. WINDER
John H. Winder signs an autograph endorsement.
Autograph Endorsement signed: "J.H.W." in pencil, 1p, 7¾x5¼. No place, no date. In full: "Give orders to have these men arrested & renew the order to arrest all soldiers as sent you". Written beneath a message in pencil (unknown hand). In full: "All Straglers (sic) from 1st Reg 3d Cavalry Col Jones/4 [ditto marks under Reg 3d Cavalry] Robertson/Jeff Davis Segiore Martine/arrested & sent on -/to Your Rt [illegible]". Unknown signature at lower margin. JOHN HENRY WINDER (1800-1865), a veteran of the Seminole and Mexican Wars, joined the Confederate Army at the onset of the Civil War. Appointed Brigadier General, Winder was placed in charge of Libby prison in Richmond and then charged by President Jefferson Davis to oversee all Union prisoners east of the Mississippi. In April 1864, Winder appointed Henry Wirz as commandant of the newly built Andersonville prison in Georgia. Of the 49,485 Union prisoners who were held at the facility (32,000 of them in 1864 alone), some 13,000 died of disease and malnutrition. After photographs of the conditions there became public in May 1865, President Andrew Johnson ordered that Robert E. Lee, James Seddon (Davis' Secretary of War, Wirz and several Confederate Generals and politicians to be punished for "conspiring to injure the health and destroy the lives of United States soldiers held as prisoners by the Confederate States." Although Johnson dropped the charges against the Generals and politicians in August 1865, Wirz was charged with "wanton cruelty" and sentenced to be hanged. His execution was carried out on November 10, 1865 at the Washington Penitentiary. Winder, Wirz's superior at Andersonville and the one with more responsibility for conditions within the prison than Wirz, would have faced the same fate, but he had died of a heart attack on February 7, 1865. Lightly creased with folds, lower horizontal fold at the upper loops of the "J" and "H" of signature. ¾-inch tear at lower blank margin, minor separation at lower horizontal fold has been inexpertly repaired with tape on verso. Chipped at blank right margin and lower horizontal fold and at lower blank edge, both of which are slightly irregular. Lightly soiled and stained (not at signature). Overall, fair condition.
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