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CALEB CUSHING - AUTOGRAPH LETTER SIGNED 09/30/1868 - HFSID 321474

 

CALEB CUSHING
He recommends that copies of a pamphlet discussing a new treaty be sent to the President (Johnson), Secretary of State and Attorney General.
Autograph Letter signed: "Cushing", 2 pages (integral leaf), 5x8. Washington, D.C., 1868 September 30. In full: "I have your favor of the 28th and thank you for your attention. The pamphlet is admirably got up and printed. I should be very glad to receive the additional copies which you offer fo furnish. Allow me to suggest (what indeed may have already been done) that it would be fit on the part of the City to send officially copies to the President & Secretary of State, in view of their connection with the new treaty, and also a copy to Attorney General Evarts. I am Yours". Caleb Cushing (1800-1879), a Democrat, represented his Massachusetts district in the US Congress (1835-1843). After the Senate rejected his nomination to be President Tyler's Secretary of the Treasury, Tyler appointed him US Minister to China (1843-1845), where he negotiated the first treaty between the two nations. During the Mexican War, Cushing raised, equipped and commanded a volunteer regiment, seeing no combat there. After two failed runs for Governor of Massachusetts and a year on that State's Supreme Judicial Court, he served as US Attorney General under President Pierce (1853-1857). A "doughface" northern Democrat who supported the South on the issue of slavery, Cushing presided over the Democratic National Convention at Baltimore in 1860, until he walked out with southern Democrats. Then he presided over the Charleston convention which nominated James Breckinridge for President. Although he remained loyal to the Union during the Civil War, his southern sympathies dogged the rest of his career. When President Grant nominated him for the US Supreme Court, Senate opposition compelled withdrawal of the nomination (the second time Cushing had been rebuffed for a Cabinet post). Cushing served as US Minister to Columbia and then to Spain, and served (1866-1870) on a 3-man commission appointed by President Johnson to propose revisions in the federal legal code. In light of Cushing's role in negotiating the first treaty between the US and China, the treaty to which he refers in this letter may have been the new Burlingame Treaty of 1868, which conferred most favored nation status on China. Cushing was also involved in 1868 in negotiating an agreement with Columbia for transit rights across the Isthmus of Panama (then part of Columbia), but he did not depart for Bogota until two months after he signed this letter. Normal mailing folds. Creased and lightly toned. Otherwise, fine condition.


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CALEB CUSHING  


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CALEB CUSHING
Born: January 17, 1800 in Salisbury, Massachusetts
Died: January 2, 1879 in Newburyport, Massachusetts





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