CHARLES BENEDICT DAVENPORT - AUTOGRAPH NOTE SIGNED - HFSID 101614
Sale Price $252.00
CHARLES B. DAVENPORT
The infamous American eugenics devotee finishes off letter to friend, signs name in black ink
Autograph note signed: "I shall be in Boston/ on Sunday next -/ Yours faithfully/ Charles Davenport" in black ink. 7x2½ clipping. Charles B. Davenport (1866-1944)was an American biologist and eugenicist, one of the leaders of the American eugenics movement. After earning a Ph.D. in biology from Harvard University, Davenport became a zoology professor there, becoming one of the most prominent biologists of his time, however, with his re-discovery of Gregor Mendel's laws of heredity, his work completely focused on the study of eugenics. His tenure as director of the Cold Springs Harbor Laboratory began when he founded the Eugenics Record Office, where he developed a series of investigations into aspects of the inheritance of human personality and mental traits. His 1911 book, Heredity in Relation to Eugenics was used as a college textbook for years and he was elected into the National Academy of Sciences; however, his work began to cause controversy as his clear racial and class bias became evident, and it was dismissed as not scientific. In 1925, Davenport founde the International Federation of Eugenics Organizations and wrote a second book Race Crossing in Jamaica (1929) which attempted to provide statistical evidence for biological and cultural degradation following interbreeding between white and black populations. With Hitler's rise to power in Germany, Davenport maintained connections with various Nazi institutions and publications, before and during WWII, as well as held editorial positions at two influential German journals, as well as wrote a contribution to the Festschrift for the infamous Otto Reche. Irregularly cut. Very toned. Soiled and stained. Deep creases throughout. Edges frayed. Fragile. Mounting residue on verso. Otherwise, fine condition.
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