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CHIEF JOHN ROSS - AUTOGRAPH DOCUMENT SIGNED 02/18/1857 - HFSID 41413

JOHN ROSS John Ross signs an autograph document. Autograph Document Signed: "Jno. Ross," 1p, 7½x6. Executive Department, 1857 February 18. The Chief of the United Cherokee Nationwrites to his brother, Lewis Ross, Esq., National Treasurer. On blue paper. In full: "Will Pay to the Order of M.

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JOHN ROSS
John Ross signs an autograph document.
Autograph Document Signed: "Jno. Ross," 1p, 7½x6. Executive Department, 1857 February 18. The Chief of the United Cherokee Nationwrites to his brother, Lewis Ross, Esq., National Treasurer. On blue paper. In full: "Will Pay to the Order of M.M. Schrimsher the sum of One Hundred and three Dollars & Sixty five cents out of the School fund the hire of Tobey and for Pork furnished the Female Seminary, pr Requisition of Wm. P. Ross Clk of the Board of Directors and this shall be your warrant for the same." Endorsed on verso: "M.M. Schrimsher". JOHN ROSS or Kooweskoowe, was born in 1790 in theCherokee country of Georgia, near Lookout Mountain at the Tennessee-Georgia border. The son of a Scottish father and part-Cherokee mother, he acquired an English education at an early age. In 1812, the 22-year-old served with General Andrew Jackson against the Creeks. He was President of the National Council of Cherokees (1819-1826) and Chief of the Cherokee Nation (1828-1839). In 1829, the proceedings of the Georgia legislature against the Cherokees living there led to an appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court. With Ross acting as their agent, the Court ruled in favor of the Cherokees. Georgia refused to obey, and aggressions upon the Indians increased. A treaty was signed in 1835 whereby the Cherokees would be moved West, but Ross objected to it, claiming the treaty had been obtained fraudulently. He resisted the moving of the Cherokee Nation from Georgia to Oklahoma Territory, but was finally forced to lead them in 1838-1839 in the march known as the "Trail of Tears".He became Chief of the United Cherokee Nation in 1839. Later, he at first resisted all movements connected with the Civil War, issuing a Proclamation of Neutrality on May 17, 1861. But on August 20, 1861, Ross formed an alliance with the Confederacy. He died in 1866 while on official business in Washington, D.C. Slightly shaded in areas, else fine condition.

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