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TLS: "Earl Warren" as Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, 1p, 7½x9½. Washington, D.C., 1965 April 1. On letterhead of the Supreme Court of the United States, Chambers of the Chief Justice to Honorable J. Braxton Craven, Jr.

Price: $1,500.00

Condition: Lightly creased
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TLS: "Earl Warren" as Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, 1p, 7½x9½. Washington, D.C., 1965 April 1. On letterhead of the Supreme Court of the United States, Chambers of the Chief Justice to Honorable J. Braxton Craven, Jr., Chief Judge, United States District Court, Morgantown, North Carolina. In full: "This is to acknowledge receipt of your letter of March 30 with which you enclosed a copy of the Local Rules of Court of your District promulgated March 18, 1965, to become effective April 1, 1965. I appreciate your transmitting copy of these Rules to me." During the 1964 term of the U.S. Supreme Court, Chief Justice EARL WARREN (1891-1974) signed this letter to JAMES BRAXTON CRAVEN, JR. (1918-1977), a District Court Judge who would be promoted to the 4th Circuit Court of Appeals in 1966. Most federal cases are brought to trial before the District Court, which makes all factual decisions. Questions based solely upon the District Court's interpretation of the Constitution or national law may be brought before the Court of Appeals for that circuit before they are referred to the Supreme Court. As with all his brethren on the nation's highest court, Warren performed duties that included serving as a Circuit Justice, in his case, for the 4th (which included North Carolina) and the 11th circuits. Today, these duties have been greatly curtailed, but a Justice may still hear urgent appears that arise in his circuit when the Supreme Court is not in session. On April 2, 1965, the day after he signed this letter, Warren led the Court in its conference discussions on two cases: Estes vs. Texas and the historic Griswold vs. Connecticut. Initially, the Chief Justice led a four-man minority at the beginning of the Estes case. Vehemently against televised court proceedings especially in criminal trials, he prepared a 34-page dissent affirming that television "violates the decorum of the courtroom." Warren's points persuaded Justice Tom Clark to change his stand and write the majority opinion. In Griswold, the case with the greatest legal impact during the term, the Court overturned a state law prohibiting the use and issuance of contraceptives. The majority agreed that the law was unconstitutional, although the Justices' reasons behind that decision differed. In the end, Warren ensured a strong majority opinion by signing Justice Arthur F. Goldberg's concurrence. It supported William O. Douglas' landmark decision affirming that the Bill of Rights guarantees a couple's right to privacy. During the 1964 term, Warren exerted such great influence over the Court that he found it unnecessary to write even one dissent. Nominated as Chief Justice by President Dwight D. Eisenhower, Warren developed a fair and ethical Court that devoted itself to protecting the rights of all Americans. Under his leadership (1953-1969), the Warren Court set precedents against racial segregation in schools (Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka; 1954) and supported the "one man, one vote" form of apportionment in state legislatures (Reynolds vs. Sims;1964, the year of this letter). In 1963, President Lyndon B. Johnson had appointed Warren as Chairman of the commission to investigate the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. Prior to his tenure as Chief Justice, Warren had served as California's Attorney General (1939-1943) and Governor (1943-1953). Lightly creased with fold, not at signature. Fine condition. Framed in the Gallery of History style: 30½x20.

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