CHIEF JUSTICE OLIVER ELLSWORTH - AUTOGRAPH DOCUMENT SIGNED 09/17/1777 - HFSID 168343
Oliver Ellsworth, a member of Connecticut's Committee of the Pay
Table during the American Revolutionary War, wrote and signed this document in
1777 to pay someone 20 pounds for "Post Riding".
Autograph Document signed: "OEllsworth" as "Comtee".
1 page, 8½x7¼, docketed on verso. Hartford, Connecticut, Sept. 17, 1777.
Ellsworth signed this document to pay Mr. Jesse Brown 20 pounds for "Post
Riding". The military finances for the colony of Connecticut were handled
by the Pay-Table, also known as the Committee of Four, during the American
Revolution (1775-1783). Pay-Table members rotated during the lengthy
confrontation with England, and included such notables as jurist OLIVER
ELLSWORTH, attorney Oliver Wolcott, Jr. (a future U.S. Secretary of the
Treasury), Hezekiah Rogers (an aide de camp to General Jedidiah Huntington, who
was also a member), William Moseley, Fenn Wadsworth, Eleazer Wales and General
Samuel Wyllys, son of Governor George Wyllys. Financing the Revolution laid a
heavy burden upon each colony, especially those which balked at levying
taxes. In order to meet immediate needs, such as wages, the colonies relied
upon wealthy revolutionists, foreign loans, and taxes and gifts from abroad.
Connecticut issued promissory notes such as this. Issuing paper money was
only a temporary solution, and worthless without specie or gold and silver
backing. The U. S. would establish its standard monetary system in 1791.
ELLSWORTH (1745-1807, born in Windsor, Connecticut) represented
Connecticut in the Continental Congress from 1777 to 1784 and was a Judge of
the Connecticut Superior Court from 1785 to 1789. A delegate to the
Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, he helped broker the "Connecticut
Compromise", which broke the impasse between large and small states over
representation in Congress. He was one of Connecticut's first two U. S.
Senators, serving from 1789 to March 8, 1796, when he resigned, having been
appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court by President George Washington.
While in Congress, he drafted the Judiciary Act of 1789, which organized the
federal judiciary system. He retired from the Court in 1799. Lightly toned and
bowed. Ink transference, which touches signature. Show-through from verso, which
touches manuscript writing but not signatures. Docket is lightly smeared.
Irregular right and bottom edges. Rounded corners with missing left corners.
Random ink stains. Light tears at right edge. Folded in half vertically and
twice horizontally and unfolded. Otherwise in fine condition.
For more documents by these signers click the names below:
CHIEF JUSTICE OLIVER ELLSWORTH
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