CHIEF JUSTICE ROGER B. TANEY - AUTOGRAPH DOCUMENT DOUBLE SIGNED - HFSID 67910
ROGER B. TANEY Autograph Document signed twice, Taney's legal brief in a civil suit seeking $500 from a man who assaulted his client and his client's horse Autograph Document signed twice: "R. B. Taney" , 2 pages (front and verso), 7¾x12½. Frederick County, Maryland, date illegible.
Sale Price $765.00
ROGER B. TANEY
Autograph Document signed twice, Taney's legal brief in a civil suit seeking $500 from a man who assaulted his client and his client's horse
Autograph Document signed twice: "R. B. Taney" , 2 pages (front and verso), 7¾x12½. Frederick County, Maryland, date illegible. Legal brief submitted on the behalf of plaintiff Robert Upcraft in a civil suit against Jonathan Ward. Signed by Taney at the end of the brief, and also on the docketing fold. Taney submits that Ward did "shoot and maim" Upcraft, inflicting "great damage" on him; and also, using "guns, clubs and stones, wounded, shot, maimed and disabled" his horse. The plaintiff seeks $500 in damages, $400 for the harm to Upcraft and $100 for the harm to his horse. Roger B. Taney (1777-1864) served as President Jackson's Attorney General (1831-1833). Jackson then nominated him successively for Secretary of the Treasury, but his nomination was rejected by the Senate, the first Cabinet appointee to be rejected. The Senate then rejected Taney's nomination to be Associate Justice of the Supreme Court. Undeterred, Jackson nominated Taney to succeed John Marshall as Chief Justice. A change in the makeup of the Senate resulted in Taney's confirmation; he served until his death. Taney is chiefly remembered for his decision in the Dred Scott case, 1857, which stated that slaves were not citizens and that Congress had no power to prohibit slavery in territories. (Ironically, Taney disliked slavery and had freed his own slaves.) The Dred Scott decision, intended to settle the slavery controversy, had the opposite effect, inflaming northern sentiment and exacerbating North-South tensions. Abraham Lincoln strongly criticized the Dred Scott verdict in his 1860 campaign for President. After his election, with southern states preparing to secede from the Union, Lincoln invoked extraordinary Presidential powers to preserve the union - including suspension of habeas corpus and the trial of civilians in military courts - nearly all of which were opposed by Chief Justice Taney, who considered secession acceptable and preferable to bloodshed. Lincoln successfully defied Taney. 3 horizontal folds - wear notches at both edges. Toned and soiled. Corners worn and edges slightly ragged.
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