CHIEF JUSTICE ROGER B. TANEY - AUTOGRAPH DOCUMENT SIGNED 04/25/1805 - HFSID 84787
Sale Price $595.00
ROGER BROOKE TANEY
Document filled out and signed by Roger Brooke Taney regarding a suit for 500 pounds brought by Maryland against the executrix of an estate, signed when he was a Maryland attorney
Autograph document signed "R. B. Taney" on docket. Black ink and pencil notations on docket in unknown hand. 1 page, 8¼x12¾. Frederick County, Maryland, April 25, 1805. This document is a document pertaining to a suit brought against Elizabeth Birney, executrix of the estate of Frederick Birney, by the state of Maryland, with Taney representing the state. Both Elizabeth and Frederick apparently refused to pay a 2,000-pound warrant to Maryland, so Taney brought Elizabeth to court seeking damages of 500 pounds. (Further research would be required to determine why Maryland was seeking payment in pounds sterling rather than dollars, but the British pound was the principal reserve currency of the 19th century.) Taney wrote and signed while he was an attorney in Maryland. Taney (1777-1864, born in Calvert County, Maryland) was educated privately before attending Dickinson College, where he graduated first in his class. Taney apprenticed with an Annapolis lawyer for three years and was admitted to the bar in 1799 when he was 22. After two years as a Federalist member of the Maryland House of Delegates,he began his legal career in earnest in Frederick, Maryland. There, he met Anne Phoebe Charlton Key, the sister of Francis Scott Key, whom he married in January of 1806. Taney, who became one of Maryland's leading lawyers, became an avid supporter of Andrew Jackson after the Federalist Party faded away. In 1831, Jackson appointed Taney as both Attorney General (1831-1833) and acting Secretary of War before naming him Secretary of the Treasury on Sept. 23, 1833. Taney served until June 24, 1834, when his appointment was rejected by the United States Senate. In 1836, after a political change in the makeup of the Senate, Jackson appointed Taney as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Taney served until his death in 1864. He is chiefly remembered for his decision in the Dred Scott case (1857), which stated that slaves were not citizens and that Congress had no power to prohibit slavery in territories. Lightly toned, foxed, soiled, creased and rippled. Show-through touches signature and handwriting. Lightly discolored at right and left edges and top right corner. Paper loss on docket at bottom edge. Irregular top, right and bottom edges. Folded thrice. Light tears and nicks on left and right edges along folds. Light separations along top fold, which touch handwriting but not signature. Otherwise in fine condition.
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