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CHIEF JUSTICE ROGER B. TANEY - AUTOGRAPH DOCUMENT SIGNED THREE TIMES 07/15/1835 - HFSID 154805

The future Chief Justice who would write the Dred Scott decision and oppose Lincoln's claims of extraordinary powers to preserve the Union, files a legal brief the year the Senate rejected his first nomination to the Supreme Court. Extremely rare document signed with his full name!

Sale Price $680.00

Reg. $800.00

Condition: lightly soiled
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ROGER B. TANEY
The future Chief Justice who would write the Dred Scott decision and oppose Lincoln's claims of extraordinary powers to preserve the Union, files a legal brief the year the Senate rejected his first nomination to the Supreme Court. Extremely rare document signed with his full name!
Autograph Document signed three times: "Roger Brooke Taney" in text and "R. B. Taney" at end of brief and also in docketing, 2p (front and verso), 7½x12½. Frederick County (Maryland), 1835 July 15. Taney files a brief as the plaintiffs' attorney in the civil case of Jacob Greenameyer and John Tropell, administrators of William Greenameyer, vs. Jacob Flant. The plaintiffs allege that Flant had borrowed a sum currently valued at £100 from the now deceased William Greenameyer, and now owed that sum to Jacob Greenameyer and Tropell as administrators of his estate. President Jackson named Roger B. Taney (1777-1864) Secretary of the Treasury on September 24, 1833, but his nomination was rejected by the Senate on June 24, 1834. Taney was the first Cabinet appointee to be rejected by the Senate. Appointed Associate Justice of the Supreme Court in 1835; the Senate rejected that appointment too. In 1836, Jackson named Taney Chief Justice to succeed John Marshall. A change in the makeup of the Senate resulted in Taney's confirmation; he served until his death. Taney is chiefly remembered for his decision in the Dred Scott case, 1857, which stated that slaves were not citizens and that Congress had no power to prohibit slavery in territories. (Ironically, Taney disliked slavery and had freed his own slaves.) The Dred Scott decision, intended to settle the slavery controversy, had the opposite effect, inflaming northern sentiment and exacerbating North-South tensions. Abraham Lincoln strongly criticized the Dred Scott verdict in his 1860 campaign for President. After his election, with southern states preparing to secede from the Union, Lincoln invoked extraordinary Presidential powers to preserve the union - including suspension of habeas corpus and the trial of civilians in military courts - nearly all of which were opposed by Chief Justice Taney, who considered secession acceptable and preferable to bloodshed. Horizontal folds, with ½-inch paper separation at left edge of center one. Lightly toned at some folds. Lightly soiled. Surface creases throughout. Otherwise, fine condition.

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